Advertisement

Laser Transmutation of Nuclear Materials

  • J. Magill
  • J. Galy
  • T. Žagar
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 694)

Abstract

Following the discovery of radioactivity by Becquerel in 1896, two young scientists, Frederic Soddy and Ernest Rutherford then at McGill University in Canada, set about to investigate the recently discovered phenomena. In 1901, the 24-year-old chemist Soddy (Fig. 9.1) and Rutherford were attempting to identify a gas that was being released from samples of radioactive thorium oxide. They believed that this gas – they called it an “emanation”– was related to the radioactivity of the thorium sample. In order to investigate the nature of this gas, Soddy passed it over a series of powerful chemical reagents, heated white-hot. No reactions took place. Years later in his biography, he wrote [1],

Keywords

Decay Constant Compound Nucleus Nuclear Material Homeland Security Transuranium Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Howarth: Poiner Research on the Atom. (London, 1958), pp. 3–84Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Fleck: “Frederic Soddy” in Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 3, 203–216 (1957)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Rutherford, J.E. Petavel: Br. Assoc. Advan. Sci. Rep. A 456 (1906)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Segre: Phys. Rev. 71, 274 (1947)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.T. Emery: Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 22, 165 (1972)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Mazaki: J. Phys. E, Sci. Instrum. 11, 739–741 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Ader, G. Bauer, V. Raff: Helv. Phys. Acta 44, 514 (1971)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. Rubinson, M.L. Perlman: Phys. Lett. B 40, 352 (1972)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    K.W.D. Ledingham et al.: Science 300, 1107–1111 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K.W.D. Ledingham et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 899 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Schwoerer et al.: Europhys. Lett. 61, 47 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.J. Feldman, R.Y. Chiao: Phys. Rev A 4, 352–358 (1971)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Tajima, G. Mourou: Phys. Rev. Spec. Topics – Accelerators Beams 5, 031301–1 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    O.E. Martinez et al.: J. Opt. Soc. Am. Al 1003–1006 (1984)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. Main et al.: IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 24, 398–403 (1988)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C.K. Rhodes: Science 229, 1345–1351 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K. Boyer, T.S. Luk, C.K. Rhodes: Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 557–560 (1988)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Magill et al.: Appl. Phys. B, 1–4 (2003)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K.W.D. Ledingham et al.: J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 36, L79–L82 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    F. Ewald et al.: Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 45, 1–9 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. McKenna et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 084801 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Žagar et al.: New J. Phys. 7, 253 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    See http://www.ualberta.ca/~csps/JPPS3(2)/M.Kumar/particles.htmGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    See http://www.nea.fr/html/pt/docs/iem/inadrid00/Proceedings/Paper41.pdfGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Magill et al.: Joint Research Centre Technical Report JRC-ITU-TN-2003/08 (March 2003)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. Magill: Nuclides.net: An Integrated Environment for Computations on Radionuclides and their Radiation. (Springer, Heidelberg 2003), http://www.nuclides.net.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Proceedings of the CSEWG-USNDP 2004 Meetings, November 2–5, 2004; http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/proceedings/2004csewgusndp/Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Magill
    • 1
  • J. Galy
    • 1
  • T. Žagar
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Transuranium ElementsEuropean Commission, Joint Research CentreKarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.Reacto Physics DepartmentInstitute Jozef StefanLjubljanaSlovenia

Personalised recommendations