Trade openness and regional development in a developing country

  • Ernesto M. Pernia
  • Pilipinas F. Quising
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


This paper examines how economic openness influences regional development in a developing country, with the Philippines as a case study. It first looks at the disparities in economic and social indicators across the country’s 14 regions and over time. Metro Manila continues to tower over the national economic landscape, although economic dispersal especially in adjacent regions appears to be expanding. The paper then analyzes the determinants of regional development, using five-year panel data. Trade openness appears to be beneficial to regional economic growth and, via growth, poverty reduction. However, it cannot by itself be expected to bring about more balanced regional development.


Gross Domestic Product Regional Development Poverty Reduction Trade Openness Consumption Expenditure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernesto M. Pernia
    • 1
  • Pilipinas F. Quising
    • 1
  1. 1.Economics and Research DepartmentAsian Development BankMandaluyong CityPhilippines

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