Measuring world city formation — The case of Shanghai

  • Jianming Cai
  • Victor F.S. Sit
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


One of the important issues related to world cities studies is the lack of systematic measurement of the formation of world cities. Such a measurement technique would be a useful tool for cities aspiring to attain world city status, especially those cities in Pacific Asia, such as Hong Kong, Singapore, Seoul, and Shanghai. This paper approaches this task by devising a measurement methodology based on quantifiable indicators to generate a World City Index and then uses Shanghai as a case study to test how the city stands compared to 32 current and potential world cities.


Foreign Direct Investment Retail Sale World City Fiscal Revenue Urban Hierarchy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianming Cai
    • 1
  • Victor F.S. Sit
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Urban and Rural Studies, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina People’s Republic
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of Hong KongHong KongChina People’s Republic

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