Advertisement

Rare Earth Doped Confined Structures for Lasers and Amplifiers

  • B. Jacquier
  • L. Bigot
  • S. Guy
  • A. M. Jurdyc
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 83)

Abstract

Rare-earth(RE) doped insulating materiais exhibit varieties of luminescent behavior with applications in solid-state physics, high energy physics, biophysics, photochemistry, medical sciences, and telecommunications, as well as in fundamental research. Recently the incorporation of trivalent rare-earth ions into waveguides has created a considerable upsurge of interest in the field of signal processing for telecommunications, based on the success of the very efficient erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) for long haul transmissions together with the explosion of Internet. Wavelengths division multiplexing (WDM) is nowadays increasing the amount of channel information over a wide energy range in the low-loss region of silica fibers. However, to cover the 25 THz available window, new materiais are required, implying the use of new doping and amplifier structures. In the course of this research, new laser sources were obtained at various wavelengths, using up-conversion pumping schemes, for instance. Furthermore, the development of RE-doped integrated optics is now considered for compactness and low-cost devices, offering a new challenge for RE-doped materiais and luminescence processes. Finally, in a promising development, extremely miniaturized devices make possible subwavelength optics that capitalize on the dynamics of a very small number of photons, which can be analyzed for example in the new RE-doped optical microcavitàes and nanostructures.

Keywords

Pump Power Wavelength Division Multiplex Glass Composition Amplify Spontaneous Emission Fiber Amplifier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adam, J. L. In: Adavanced Inorganic Fluorides: synthesis characterization and applications, eds. T. Nakajima, B. Zemva, A. Tressaud (Elsevier Amsterdam, (2000).Google Scholar
  2. Allain, J. Y., M. Monerie, H. Poignant. Electron. Lett. 25, 1660–1661 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Allen, R., L. Esterowitz, I. Aggarwal. J. of Quantum Electronics, 29(2), 303 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aozasa, S., H. Masuda, T. Sakamoto, K. Shikano, M. Shimuzu. Electron. Lett. 38, 361 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Aozasa, S., H. Masuda, H. Ono, T. Sakamoto, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, M. Shimizu. IEE Electr. Lett. 37(19), 1157 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Aozasa, S., T. Sakamoto, T. Kanamori, K. Hoshino, M. Shimizu. IEE Electr. Lett. 36(5), 418 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Arai, K. Namikawa, H & al J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Barbier, D., P. Bruno, Cassagnettes, Trouillon, M. Hyde R. L. Kervokian. A. Delavaux J-M.P. OFC’98, paper 45 (1998).Google Scholar
  9. Barbier, D., P. Gastaldo, B. Hyde, J. M. Jouanno, A. Kervokian. ECIO, paper TuC4 (1995).Google Scholar
  10. Barnes, W.L., R. Laming, E. J. Tarbox, P. R. Morkel. IEE J. of Quantum Electronics 27, 1004 (1991).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Baniel P., S. Blanchandin, F. Roy, L. Bigot. European patent, EP 1 270 526 Al.Google Scholar
  12. Bayart, D. CR Physique 4, 65–74 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Beach R. J., S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, O. R. Meissner, W. F. Krupke, J. M. McMahon, P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson (Academic Press, N.Y., 1999).Google Scholar
  14. Belarouci, A., B. Jacquier, P. Moretti, S. Robert, H. Rigneault. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(7), 1–7 (2001).Google Scholar
  15. Belarouci, A., F. Menchini, B. Jacquier, P. Moretti. H. Rigneault, S. Robert. J. Lumin. 83–84, 275–282 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bellessa, J., S. Rabaste, J. C. Plenet, J. Dumas, J. Mugnier, O. Marty. Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2142 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bennet, W. J., D. P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 26(12), 881–883 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bigot, L., A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Gasca, D. Bayart. Phys. Rev. B 66, 214, 204 (2002a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bigot, L. Thèse Lyon (2002b).Google Scholar
  20. Bonner, C. L., C. T. A. Brown, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Harma, B. Ferrand, Opt. Lett. 23,942–944(1998).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Boulard, B., L. Brilland, H. Poignant. Electron. Lett. 34, 267–268 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Broer, M. M., R. L. Cone, J. R. Simpson. Opt. Lett. 16, 1391–1393 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Caro, P., O. Beaury. J. Phys. 37(6), 671–676 (1976).Google Scholar
  24. Cole, B., M.L. Dennis. OFC’01 paper TuQ3 (2001).Google Scholar
  25. Daran, E., L.E. Bausà, A. Muñoz-Yagüe, C. Fontaine. Appl. Phys. Lett. 62,2616–2618 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Delevaque E., T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J-F. Bayon. IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 5, 73 (1993).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Delavaux, J-M. P., C. Mcintosh, J. Shmulovich, A.J. Bruce, R.K. Pattnaik, B.R. Wirstiuk. OFC’2000, paper WA2-1/3 (2000).Google Scholar
  28. De Martini, F., G. Innocenti, G. R. Jacobovitz, P. Mataloni. Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2955–2958 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Deppe, D. G., C. Lei. J. Appl. Phys. 70,3443–3448 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Desurvire, E. Erbium-dopedfiber amplifiers (John Wiley & Sons, N.Y., 1994).Google Scholar
  31. Dianov, E. M. J. Light. Tech. 20,1457 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Digonnet M. J. F., M. K. Davis, P. H. Pantell. Opt. Fiber. Tech. 1, 48 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Douysset-Bloch, L., B. Ferrand, M. Couchaud, L. Fulbert, M.F. Joubert, G. Ghadeyron, B. Jacquier, J. Alloys and Comp. 275–277, 67–71 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Eggleston, J. M., K. Kane, T. J. Kuhn, J. Unternahrer, R.L. Byer. IEEE J. Quantum Electronics 20, 289–301 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ellison A. J. G., J. E. Dickinson, D. E. Goforth, D. L. Harris, J. T. Kohli, J. D. Minelly, B. N. Samson. Proc. Topical Meeting on Optical Amplifiers and Applications, 107 (2000).Google Scholar
  36. Galvanauskas, A., Z. Sartania, M. Bischoff. CLEO’01 paper CMA1 Baltimore (2001).Google Scholar
  37. Goldner P., F. Auzel. J. of Appl. Phys. 79, 7972 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Gorller-Walrand, C., K. Binnemans. Spectral intensities of f-f transitions, Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths (1998).Google Scholar
  39. Guy, S., W. Meffre, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, F. Roy, P. Baniel, D. Bayart, A. Le Sauze, C. Collet, J. J. Girard. OAA’01 paper OWB5 (2001).Google Scholar
  40. Grubb, S. G., K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, W. F. Humer. CLEO, CPD18 (Anaheim, CA, USA, 1992).Google Scholar
  41. Hill, S. C., R. E. Benner. Morphology-dependent resonances in optical effects associated with small particles (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988).Google Scholar
  42. Hryievicz, J. V., P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, P.-T. Ho. IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12(3), 1041–1043 (2000).Google Scholar
  43. Hu, Y., S. Jiang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, M. Morrell, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, N. Peyghambarian. IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 13, 657–659 (2001).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. Huang, Y.D., M. Mortier, F. Auzel. Opt. Mat. 15, 243–260 (2001a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Huang, Y. D., M. Mortier, F. Auzel. Opt. Mat. 17,501–511 (2001b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Itoh, K., H. Yanagita, H. Tawarayama, K. Yamanaka, E. Ishikawa, K. Okada, H. Aoki, Y. Matsumoto, A. Shirakawa, Y. Matsuoka, H. Toratani. JNCS 256, 1 (1999).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. Jacquier, B. Rare earth-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 1997).Google Scholar
  48. Joubert, M. F. Opt. Mat. 11,181 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Joubert, M. F., S. Guy, B. Jacquier. Phys. Rev. B 48,10,031 (1993).Google Scholar
  50. Judd, B. R. Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Knight, J. C., T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St Russel, J.P. de Sandro. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).Google Scholar
  52. Knight, J. C., H. S. T. Driver, G. N. Robertson. J. Sc. 88, 162 (1992).Google Scholar
  53. Koechner, W. Solid-State Laser Engineering, 2nd(Springer Verlag, New York 1988).Google Scholar
  54. Komukai, T., T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, Y. Miyajama. J. of Quantum Electronics 31(11), 1880 (1995).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. Komukai, T., Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, Y. Miyajima. Electron. Lett. 29, 110 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Lebrasseur, E., Y. Gao, B. Boulard, B. Jacquier. ECOC’99 paper 1-54 (1999).Google Scholar
  57. Lebrasseur, E., B. Jacquier, M. C. M. Marco de Lucas, E. Josse, J. L. Adam, G. Fonteneau, J. Lucas, Y. Gao, B. Boulard, C. Jacoboni, J. E. Broquin, R. Rimet. J. Alloys and Comp. 277, 716–720 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Lee, J. R., H. J. Baker, G. J. Friel, G. J. Hilton, D. R. Hall. Opt. Lett. 27, 7 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Lipson, M., L. C. Kimerling. Opt. Mat. 16, 47–52 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Lucas, J., C. A. Angell. Mat. Res. Bull. 19, 945 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Mackenzie, J. I., C. Li, D. P. Shepherd. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 39(3), 493–500 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. Mears, R. J., L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncey, and D. N. Payne. Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Miniscalco W. J., J. Lightwave. Tech. 9, 234 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Moretti, P., M.F. Joubert, S. Tascu, B. Jacquier, M. Kaczkan, M. Malinowskii, J. Samecki. Opt. Mat. In press (2003).Google Scholar
  65. Mori A., Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, Electron. Lett. 33,863 (1997a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Mori A., Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, and S. Sudo, European Conference on Optical Communications, 135 (1997b).Google Scholar
  67. Mougel, F., K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Khan-Harari, D. Vivien. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 164 (1999).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Myslinski P., D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, J. Lightwave Tech. 15,112 (1997).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  69. Niay, P., M. Douay, P. Bernage, W. X. Xie, B. Leconte, D. Ramecourt, E. Delevaque, J.F. Bayon, H. Poignant, B. Poumellec. Opt. Mat. 11,115–129 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Ofelt, G. S. J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  71. Percival, R. M., J. R. Williams, Electron. Lett. 30(20), 1684 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Percival R. M., D. Szebesta, and S. T. Davey. Electron. Lett. 29,1054 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Peters, P. M., S.N. Houde-Walter, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 162–169 (1998).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  74. Poignant, H., S. Boj, E. Delevaque, M. Monerie, T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernarge, W. X. Xie. Electron. Lett. 30(16), 1339–1340 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Polman, A. J. Appl. Phys. 82(1), 1–39 (1997).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Purcell, E. M. Phys. Rev. 69,681 (1946).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Quimby, R. S., B. N. Samson, B. G. Aitken. Amplifiers and their Applications OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics series. 44, 143–149 (2001).Google Scholar
  78. Quimby, R. J. of Appl. Phys. 75, 613 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Remillieux, A., B. Jacquier. Proc. SPIE 2841, 134–143 (1996a).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Remillieux, A., B. Jacquier, C. Linarès, C. Le Sergent, S. Artigaud, D. Bayard, L. Hamon, J. L. Beylat.. J. Phys. D: Applied Physics 29,963 (1996b).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Rigneault, H., B. Jacquier, P. Moretti, A. M. Jurdyc, A. Belarouci, S. Robert. Mat. Sci. Forum 239–241,717–720 (1997a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Rigneault, H., S. Robert, S. Begon, B. Jacquier, P. Moretti. Phys. Rev A 55, 1497 (1997b).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Robert. S., H. Rigneault, F. Lamarque. J. Opt. Soc. B 15,1773–1779 (1998).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Romero, J.J., D. Jaque, J. Garcia Solé, A. A. Kaminskii, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1961–1963 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Roy, F., A. Le Sauze, P. Baniel, D. Bayart. OAA’01 post-deadline paper PD4 (2001).Google Scholar
  86. Sakamoto, T., S. Aozasa, T. Kanamori, K. Hoshino, M. Shimizu. OFC’00 post-deadline paper PD4 (2000).Google Scholar
  87. Saleh, B. E. A., M. C. Teich. Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Samson, B. N., T. Schweizer, D. W. Hewak, R. I. Laming, Opt. Lett. 22(10), 703–705 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Scheps, R. Prog. Quant. Electr. 20(4), 271 (1996).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  90. Schubert, E. F., N. E. J. Hunt, A. M. Vredenber, T. D. Harris, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, Y. H. Wong, O. J. Zydsik. Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,2603–2605 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Schubert, E. F., A. M. Vredenber, N. E. J. Hunt, V. H. Wong, P. C. T. D. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydsik. Giant. Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Sergeyev, S. V., B. Jaskorzynska. Phys. Rev. B 62, 15,628–15,633 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Shepherd, D. P., S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. SMitchell, H. E. Meissner. J. of Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 2420–2432 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Shepherd, D. P., C. L. Bonner, C. T. A. Brown, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, H. E. Meissner, Opt. Comm. 1999.Google Scholar
  95. Shmulovich, J., et al. Electron. Lett. 28(23), 1181–1182 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Snitzer, E. Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1965).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  97. Snitzer, E. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 36 (1961).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  98. Snoeks, E., et al. IEEE J. of Quantum Elec. 32(9), 1680–1684 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Tanabe, S., T. Ohyagi. J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Tanabe, S., T. Ohyagi. Phys. Rev. B 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Treussart, F., V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre, J.M. Raimond, S. Haroche. Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Vega-Durán, J. T., L.A. Díaz-Torres, M. A. Meneses-Nava, M. A. Maldonado-Rivera, O. Barbosa-García. J. Phys. D 34, 3203–3208 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Vincent, B., A. Boudrioua, J. C. Loulergue, P. Moretti, S. Tascu, B. Jacquier, G. Aka, D. Vivien. Opt. Lett. 28(12), 1–3 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissilour, V. Lefèvre, J. Hare, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche. Electronic Letters 35, 1745 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Yamamoto, T., Y. Miyajima, T. Komukai. Elec. Lett. 30, 220 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Zhang, E., S. Wilson, D. Crippa, R. Di Muro, A. Maroney. OAA’01 paper OWB2 (2001).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Jacquier
  • L. Bigot
  • S. Guy
  • A. M. Jurdyc

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations