Arthritis of the Knee: Diagnosis and Management

  • F. P. Luyten
  • R. Westhovens
  • V. Taelman


In this chapter, an algorithm for the diagnosis of a painful and swollen knee is presented. Arthritis of the knee can be restricted to a monoarticular clinical manifestation,or it may be part of an oligo- or polyarticular disease. A careful anamnesis and clinical examination will allow the clinician to classify the clinical presentation of arthritis of the knee into disease groups such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy, or miscellaneous arthritic diseases. These disease entities are briefly discussed and their therapeutic approaches reviewed. Finally, the case is made for a more routine use of synovial biopsies in daily clinical practice, for diagnosis and to evaluate targeted therapies.


Ankylose Spondylitis Lyme Disease Joint Space Narrowing Chronic Arthritis Peripheral Arthritis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Medizin Verlag Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. P. Luyten
  • R. Westhovens
  • V. Taelman

There are no affiliations available

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