Dynamic 3D Maps for Mobile Tourism Applications

  • Arne Schilling
  • Volker Coors
  • Katri Laakso


In this chapter we describe how interactive three-dimensional maps can be implemented on mobile devices, and how they can be exploited by tourism applications. Technical problems like transmitting and displaying larger amount of data of 3D maps will be likely smoothed out in the near future with the third generation of wireless communication networks (UMTS, W-LAN) and other technical innovations. Besides these technical issues one main question remains: How can we benefit from 3D maps? Within the project TellMaris, we started to develop 3D maps for boat tourists. These maps will help the boat tourists find their way around in unknown harbours and inform them of attractions and upcoming events. This chapter gives a summary of our experiences in developing 3D maps on mobile devices and present the results from a prototype evaluation conducted in two phases. The research was carried out as part of the EU-Project TellMaris (IST 2000-28249).


Global Position System Mobile Device Geographic Information System City Model Scalable Vector Graphic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Coors, V., Elting, C., Kray, C., and Laakso, K. (2003): Presenting Route Instructions on Mobile Devices — From Textual Directions to 3D Visualization, to appear in in Kraak, M., MacEachren, A., Dyke, J.: Geovisualization, Taylor & Francis, 2003Google Scholar
  2. Coors, V. (2003): 3D-GIS in Networking Environments in CEUS Journal for Computer, Environments and Urban Systems, Special Issue 3D-cadastre, 2003Google Scholar
  3. Coors, V. (2002): Dreidimensionale Karten für Location Based Services. In A. Zipf, J. Strobl (Hrsg.): Geoinformation mobil, Wichmann Verlag, Heidelberg, ISBN 3-87907-373-2, Oktober 2002Google Scholar
  4. Cutmore, T. R. H., Hine, T. J., Maberly, K. J., Langford, N. M., Hawgood, G. (2000): Cognitive and gender factors influencing navigation in a virtual environment. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 53, pp. 223–249, 2000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gjesdal, O. (2002): Market research in the boat tourism segment, ENTER Conference 2002.Google Scholar
  6. Hunt, E., and Waller, D. (1999): Orientation and wayfinding: A review. (ONR technical report N00014-96-0380). Arlington, VA: Office of Naval Research, 1999.Google Scholar
  7. Karagiozidis, M., Zacharopoulos, I., Xenakis, D., Demiris, A. M., and Ioannidis, N.: Location Aware Visually Enhanced Ubiquitous Services. Technical paper. Scholar
  8. Laakso, K. (2002): Evaluating the use of navigable three-dimensional maps in mobile devices, Master Thesis, Helsinki University of Technology, Department of Electrical and Communications Engineering, 2002.Google Scholar
  9. Laakso, K, Gjesdal, O., and Sulebak, J. R. (2003): Tourist information and navigation support by using 3D maps displayed on mobile devices. Workshop HCI in Mobile Guides, 8.09.2003, Udine, Italy.Google Scholar
  10. Malaka, R., and Zipf, A. (2000): DEEP MAP — Challenging IT research in the framework of a tourist information system. In Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2000. Proceedings of ENTER 2000, Barcelona. Spain, D. Fesenmaier, S. Klein, and D. Buhalis, Eds. Wien, New York: Springer Computer Science, pp. 15–27.Google Scholar
  11. Schilling, A., and Zipf, A. (2003): Generation of VRML City Models for Focus Based Tour Animations. Integration, Modeling and Presentation of Heterogeneous Geo-Data Sources. Web3D Conference, 9–12.03.2003, Saint Malo, France.Google Scholar
  12. Schilling, A., Giersich, M., Coors, V., and Aasgaard, R. (2003): Introducing 3D GIS for the mobile community: Technical Aspects in the Case of TellMaris, In Proceedings of IMC 2003, Rostock, 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arne Schilling
    • 1
  • Volker Coors
    • 2
  • Katri Laakso
    • 3
  1. 1.Fraunhofer Institute for Computer GraphicsDarmstadt
  2. 2.University of Applied Sciences StuttgartStuttgart
  3. 3.Nokia Research CenterHelsinki

Personalised recommendations