A Survey of Map-based Mobile Guides

  • Jürg Baus
  • Keith Cheverst
  • Christian Kray


In this chapter, we present an overview of mobile guides that rely on maps or map-like representations in providing their services. We discuss technical issues as well as problems related to human factors that mobile guides have to cope with in order to assist their respective users. The main part of the chapters describes a number of relevant systems in the field of mobile guides, ranging from influential work such as Cyberguide to systems that offer unique services such as TellMaris. The comparison is based on the issues we identified initially. We conclude with an outlook on future directions such as collaborative usage, new means of interaction and further personalisation of mobile services.


Global Position System None None General Packet Radio Service Route Description Mobile Guide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abowd, G., Atkeson, C. G., Hong, J., Long, S., Kooper, R., and Pinkerton, M. (1996): Cyberguide: A Context-Aware Tour Guide. Wireless Networks, vol. 3(5), 1996, pp. 421–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anneg, H., Kunzier, H., Michelmayr, E., Pospischil, G., and Umlauft, M. (2002): Lol@: designing a location based UMTS application. Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik, vol. 119(2), 2002, pp. 48–51Google Scholar
  3. Baus, J. (2003): Ressourcenadaptierende hybride Personennavigation. DISKI 268, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Aka GmbH, 2003Google Scholar
  4. Baus, J., Kray, C., and Krüger, A. (2001): Visualization of route descriptions in a resource-adaptive navigation aid. Cognitive Processing, vol. 2(2–3), 2001, pp. 323–345Google Scholar
  5. Cheverst, K., Davies, N., Mitchell, K., Friday, A., and Efstratiou, C. (2000): Developing a Context-aware Electronic Tour Guide: Some Issues and Experiences. In Proceedings of the 2000 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2000), 2000, pp. 17–24Google Scholar
  6. Coors, V., Gjesdal, O., Sulebak, J. R., and Laakso, K. (2003): 3D Maps for boat tourists. In Proceedings of ENTER 2003. International Federation for Information Technology and Travel and Tourism, 2003Google Scholar
  7. Dey, A. (1998): Context-Aware Computing: The Cyberdesk Project. In Proceedings of the AAAI 1998 Spring Symposium on Intelligent Environments, 1998, pp. 51–54Google Scholar
  8. Garmin (2003): Gramin Ltd. Streetpilot 2650, 2003Google Scholar
  9. Golledge, R.G. (1999): Human wayfinding and cognitive maps. In Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and other Spatial Processes, 1999, pp. 5–45Google Scholar
  10. Hohl, F., Kubach, U., Leonhardi, A., Rothermel, K., and Schwehm, M. (1999): Next century challenges: Nexus — an open global infrastructure for spatial-aware applications. In Proceedings of MobiCom ‘99, 1999, pp. 249–255Google Scholar
  11. Kray, C. (2003): Situated Interaction on Spatial Topics. DISKI274, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Aka GmbH, 2003.Google Scholar
  12. Kray, C., Laakso, K., Elting, C., and Coors, V. (2003): Presenting route instructions on mobile devices. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces 2003 (IUI 03), 2003, pp. 117–124Google Scholar
  13. Krüger, A., Butz, A., Müller, C., Stahl, C., Wasinger, R., Steinberg, K.E., and Dirschl, A. (20004): The Connected User Interface: Realizing a Personal Situated Navigation System. In Proceedings of the 2004 International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI 04), 2004, pp. 161–168Google Scholar
  14. Laakso, K. (2002): Evaluation the use of navigable three-dimensional maps in mobile devices. Master’s thesis, Helsinki University of Technology, 2002Google Scholar
  15. Oppermann, R., and Specht, M. (2000): A Context-Sensitive Nomadic Exhibition Guide. In Second Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing — HUC2K, 2000, pp. 127–149Google Scholar
  16. Peach (2003): PEACH Personal experience with cultural heritage., 2003Google Scholar
  17. Poslad, S., Laamanen, H., Malaka, R., Nick, A., Buckle, P., and Zipf, A. (2001):CRUMPET: Creation of user-friendly mobile services personalized for tourism. In Proceedings of 3G 2001 — Second international conference on 3G mobile communication technologies, 2001, pp. 28–32Google Scholar
  18. Pospischil, G., Umlauft, M., and Michlmayr, M. (2002): Designing Lol@, a Mobile Tourist Guide for UMTS. In Proceedings of 4th International Symposium on Mobile Human Computer Interaction (MobileHCI), 2002, pp. 140–154Google Scholar
  19. Rist, T., Brandmaier, P., Herzog, G., and André, E. (2000): Getting the Mobile Users in: Three systems that support collaboration in an environment with heterogeneous communication devices. In Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, 2000, pp. 251–254Google Scholar
  20. Rothermel, K. (2003): SFB “Umgebungsmodelle für mobile kontextbezogene Systeme”., 2003Google Scholar
  21. Wahlster, W. (2002): Smartkom: Fusion and Fission of speech, gestures, and facial expressions. In Proccedings of the 1st International Workshop on Man-Machine Symbiotic Systems, 2002, pp. 213–225Google Scholar
  22. Wahlster, W. (2000): Verbmobil: Foundations of Speech-To-Speech Translation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 2000Google Scholar
  23. Wahlster, W., and Tack, W. (1997): Ressourcenadaptive kognitive Prozesse. Informatik 97 — Informatik als Innovationsmotor, 1997, pp. 51–57Google Scholar
  24. Weiser, M. (1991): The computer of the 21st century. Scientific American, 1991, pp. 94–100Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jürg Baus
    • 1
  • Keith Cheverst
    • 2
  • Christian Kray
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceSaarland University
  2. 2.Computing DepartmentLancaster UniversityLancaster

Personalised recommendations