Sea ice occurs in about 10% of the world ocean’s surface, growing, melting, and drifting under the influence of solar, atmospheric, oceanic, and tidal forcing. Most sea ice lies in the Arctic and Antarctic Seas above 60° latitude, but seasonally freezing smaller basins exist further down toward the equator, to even below 40°N in the Bo Hai Sea, China. In sizeable basins solid sea ice lids are statically unstable and break into fields of ice floes forming drift ice. These fields undergo transport as well as opening and closing which altogether create the exciting sea ice landscape as it appears to the human eye. The present book is about the geophysics of the drift of sea ice. Chapter 1 gives a brief history of the research, introduces the problem with applications, and outlines the subject matter of the book.
KeywordsPlastic Rheology Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar International Arctic Buoy Programme International Arctic Buoy Arctic Buoy Programme
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