Tissue Engineering, Stem Cells, and Cloning: Current Concepts and Future Trends

  • C. J. Koh
  • A. Atala
Conference paper
Part of the Ernst Schering Research Foundation Workshop book series (SCHERING FOUND, volume 11)

3.8 Conclusions

Tissue engineering efforts are currently underway for virtually every type of tissue and organ within the human body. As tissue engineering incorporates the fields of cell transplantation, materials science, and engineering, personnel who have mastered the techniques of cell harvest, culture, expansion, transplantation, as well as polymer design are essential for the successful application of this technology. Various engineered tissues are at different stages of development, with some already being used clinically, a few in preclinical trials, and some in the discovery stage. Recent progress suggests that engineered tissues may have an expanded clinical applicability in the future as they represent a viable therapeutic option for those requiring tissue replacement. More recently, major advances in the areas of stem cell biology, tissue engineering, and nuclear transfer techniques have made it possible to combine these technologies to create the comprehensive scientific field of regenerative medicine.


Tissue Engineering Human Embryonic Stem Cell Nuclear Transfer Tissue Engineer Engineer Cartilage 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. J. Koh
    • 1
  • A. Atala
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Regenerative MedicineWake Forest University School of MedicineWinston SalemUSA
  2. 2.Department of UrologyWake Forest University School of MedicineWinston SalemUSA

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