Phenology and Performance of Mountain Birch Provenances in Transplant Gardens: Latitudinal, Altitudinal and Oceanity-Continentality Gradients

  • J. A. Ovaska
  • J. Nilsen
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
  • H. Kauhanen
  • R. Partanen
  • S. Neuvonen
  • L. Kapari
  • O. Skre
  • K. Laine
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)


Edaphic Factor Mountain Birch Original Habitat Transplantation Site Spring Phenology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Ovaska
    • 1
  • J. Nilsen
    • 2
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
    • 3
  • H. Kauhanen
    • 4
  • R. Partanen
    • 5
  • S. Neuvonen
    • 1
  • L. Kapari
    • 1
  • O. Skre
    • 6
  • K. Laine
    • 7
  1. 1.Kevo Subarctic Research InstituteUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Department of BiologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  4. 4.Kolari Research StationFinnish Forest Research InstituteKolariFinland
  5. 5.Kilpisjärvi Biological StationUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  6. 6.Skogforsk BergenFanaNorway
  7. 7.Botanical GardensUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

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