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The Nordic Mountain Birch Ecosystem - Challenges to Sustainable Management

  • F. E. Wielgolaski
  • P. S. Karlsson
  • S. Neuvonen
  • D. Thannheiser
  • H. Tømmervik
  • A. O. Gautestad
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)

Keywords

Birch Forest Mountain Birch Lichen Coverage Reindeer Husbandry Autumnal Moth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. E. Wielgolaski
    • 1
  • P. S. Karlsson
    • 2
  • S. Neuvonen
    • 3
  • D. Thannheiser
    • 4
  • H. Tømmervik
    • 5
  • A. O. Gautestad
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of Plant Ecology, Evolutionary Biology CentreUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  3. 3.Kevo Subarctic Research InstituteUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  4. 4.Department of GeographyHamburg UniversityHamburgGermany
  5. 5.Norwegian Institute for Nature ResearchTromsøNorway
  6. 6.Department of BiologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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