Landscape-Scale Model Relating the Nordic Mountain Birch Forest Spatio-Temporal Dynamics to Various Anthropogenic Influences, Herbivory and Climate Change

  • A. O. Gautestad
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
  • I. Mysterud
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)


Birch Forest Birch Tree Mountain Birch Autumnal Moth Forest Line 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. O. Gautestad
    • 1
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
    • 1
  • I. Mysterud
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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