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Competition Over Nature, Space, Resources and Management in the Mountain Birch Forest Ecosystem in Northernmost Fennoscandia: A Synthesis

  • D. Thannheiser
  • L. Müller-Wille
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
  • K. -D. Meier
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)

Keywords

Birch Forest Birch Wood Mountain Birch Reindeer Herding Crustose Lichen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heilderberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Thannheiser
    • 1
  • L. Müller-Wille
    • 2
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
    • 3
  • K. -D. Meier
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of GeographyHamburg UniversityHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of GeographyMcGill UniversityMontréal (Québec)Canada
  3. 3.Department of BiologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  4. 4.PPA 2YlläsjärviFinland

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