Rates and Processes of Natural Regeneration in Disturbed Habitats

  • B. C. Forbes
  • A. Tolvanen
  • K. Laine
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)


Natural Regeneration Dwarf Shrub Arctic Tundra Mountain Birch Tundra Ecosystem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. C. Forbes
    • 1
  • A. Tolvanen
    • 2
  • K. Laine
    • 3
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
    • 4
  1. 1.Arctic CentreUniversity of LaplandRovaniemiFinland
  2. 2.Finnish Forest Research InstituteMuhos Research StationMuhosFinland
  3. 3.Botanical GardensUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  4. 4.Department of BiologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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