Synthesis Section 2: Herbivory in Northern Birch Forests

  • S. Neuvonen
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)


Birch Forest Heavy Grazing Mountain Birch Insect Outbreak Reindeer Herding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Neuvonen
    • 1
  • F. E. Wielgolaski
    • 2
  1. 1.Kevo Subaratic Research InstituteUniversity of TurkuturkenFinland
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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