Effects of Reindeer Grazing on Pastures - A Necessary Basis for Sustainable Reindeer Herding

  • K. Lempa
  • S. Neuvonen
  • H. Tømmervik
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)


Dwarf Shrub Mountain Birch Reindeer Herding Lichen Cover Foliage Biomass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Lempa
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Neuvonen
    • 1
  • H. Tømmervik
    • 3
  1. 1.Kevo Subarctic Research InstituteUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Departmentfo Applied BiologyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Norwegian Institute for Nature ResearchPolarmiljøsenteretTromsøNorway

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