Birch Sapling Responses to Severity and Timing of Domestic Herbivore Browsing — Implications for Management

  • A. J. Hester
  • K. Lempa
  • S. Neuvonen
  • K. Høegh
  • J. Feilberg
  • S. Arnthórsdóttir
  • G. Iason
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)


Birch Forest Mountain Birch Domestic Sheep Summer Grazing Domestic Herbivore 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Hester
    • 1
  • K. Lempa
    • 2
    • 3
  • S. Neuvonen
    • 2
  • K. Høegh
    • 4
  • J. Feilberg
    • 5
  • S. Arnthórsdóttir
    • 6
  • G. Iason
    • 1
  1. 1.Macaulay InstituteAberdeenUK
  2. 2.Kevo Subarctic Research InstituteUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Departmentfo Applied BiologyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Greenland Agricultural Advisory ServiceQaqortoqGreenland
  5. 5.BiomediaRingstedDenmark
  6. 6.Akureyri DivisionIcelandic Institute of Natural HistoryAkureyriIceland

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