Birch Sapling Responses to Severity and Timing of Domestic Herbivore Browsing — Implications for Management

  • A. J. Hester
  • K. Lempa
  • S. Neuvonen
  • K. Høegh
  • J. Feilberg
  • S. Arnthórsdóttir
  • G. Iason
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 180)


Birch Forest Mountain Birch Domestic Sheep Summer Grazing Domestic Herbivore 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Hester
    • 1
  • K. Lempa
    • 2
    • 3
  • S. Neuvonen
    • 2
  • K. Høegh
    • 4
  • J. Feilberg
    • 5
  • S. Arnthórsdóttir
    • 6
  • G. Iason
    • 1
  1. 1.Macaulay InstituteAberdeenUK
  2. 2.Kevo Subarctic Research InstituteUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Departmentfo Applied BiologyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Greenland Agricultural Advisory ServiceQaqortoqGreenland
  5. 5.BiomediaRingstedDenmark
  6. 6.Akureyri DivisionIcelandic Institute of Natural HistoryAkureyriIceland

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