Mechanics of Fusion Splicing

Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 103)


Refractive Index Surface Tension Residual Stress Dopant Concentration Radial Position 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 3.1
    A. F. Mills: Heat and Mass Transfer (Irwin, Boston, MA 1995)Google Scholar
  2. 3.2
    J. H. Lienhard: A Heat Transfer Textbook, 2nd edn. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 1987)Google Scholar
  3. 3.3
    I. Hatakeyama, H. Tsuchiya: IEEE J. of Quant. Electron. QE-14, 614 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.4
    W. Frost, P. Ruffin, W. Long: ‘Computational Model of Fiber Optic, Arc Fusion Splicing; Analysis’. In: Fiber Optics Reliability: Benign and Adverse Environments II at Boston, MA, September 6–8, 1988, ed. by D. K. Paul, R. A. Greenwell, S. G. Wadekar, (SPIE Vol 992, Bellingham, WA 1988) pp. 296–311Google Scholar
  5. 3.5
    P. Ruffin, W. Frost, W. Long: ‘Computational Model of Fiber Optic, Arc Fusion Splicing; Experimental Comparison’. In: Components for Fiber Optic Applications and Coherent Lightwave Communications III at Boston, MA, September 7–9, 1988, ed. by P. M. Kopera, H. R. D. Sunak, (SPIE Vol 988, Bellingham, WA 1988) pp. 163–173Google Scholar
  6. 3.6
    C. W. Long: Modeling of Glass Flow During Arc Fusion Splicing of Fiber Optic Filaments, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (1988)Google Scholar
  7. 3.7
    R. Jocteur, A. Tarday: ‘Optical Fibers Splicing with Plasma Torch and Oxhydric Microburner’. In: European Conference on Optical Fibre Communication 1976, (Comit du Colloque International sur les Transmissions par Fibres Optiques, Paris 1976) p. 261Google Scholar
  8. 3.8
    J. T. Krause, C. R. Kurkjian: Electron. Lett. 21, 533 (1985).Google Scholar
  9. 3.9
    H. Fujita, Y. Suzaki, A. Tachibana: Appl. Opt. 15, 320 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 3.10
    U.-C. Paek, A. L. Weaver: Appl. Opt. 14, 294 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 3.11
    M. Tachikura: Appl. Opt. 23, 492 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 3.12
    F. Llewellyn-Jones: The Glow Discharge and an Introduction to Plasma Physics (John Wiley & Sons. New York 1966)Google Scholar
  13. 3.13
    K. Ohzawa, S. Yaguchi, J.-I. Suzuki, N. Kawanishi, S. Saito: ‘Development of a New Optical Fusion Splicer for Factory Use’. In Proceedings of the 48th International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS) at Atlantic City, NJ, November 15–18, 1999 (IWCS, Eatontown, NJ 1999) pp. 644–649Google Scholar
  14. 3.14
    B. Zamzow, K. Takasu: ‘Splicing Loss Control and Assembly Yield Management’. In: Proceedings of the Telecom Hardware Solutions Conference & Exhibition at Dallas, TX, May 15–16, 2002 (International Microelectronics And Packaging Society in conjunction with Surface Mount Technology Association, 2002)Google Scholar
  15. 3.15
    G. Mackie, G. Karl, R. E. Dorian, D. Duke: ‘Evolution of Mass Fusion Splicing Technology For Utility in Outdoor/Adverse Environments.’ In 14th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), September 14–17, 1998 (Telcordia, 1998)Google Scholar
  16. 3.16
    T. Mizushima, S. Morita, H. Sugawara, T. Sato, S. Yaguchi: ‘Development of a Mass Fusion Splicing System for up to 24-Fiber Ribbon’. In: Proceedings of the 51st International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS) at Lake Buena Vista, FL, November 18–21, 2002 (IWCS, Eatontown, NJ, 2002) pp. 708–714Google Scholar
  17. 3.17
    M. Ratuszek, Z. Zakrzewski, J. Majewski, S. Strozecki, J. Zalewski, T. Konefal, W. Kula: ‘Influence of weather conditions on splicing process and parameters of splicing single mode telecommunication fibers of different types’. In: Optical Fibers and Their Applications VI at Bialowieza, Poland January 22–24, 1999 ed. by J. Wojcik, W. Wojcik (SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, 1999) pp. 128–132Google Scholar
  18. 3.18
    M. Ratuszek, Z. Zakrzewski, J. Majewski, S. Strozecki, J. Zalewski: ‘Arc fusion splicing of telecommunication optical fibers in exterme climatic circumstances’. In: Lightguides and Their Applications at Krasnobrod, Poland October 14–16, 1999 ed. by J. Dorosz, R. S. Romaniuk (SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, 1999) pp. 150–154Google Scholar
  19. 3.19
    S. Saito, N. Kawanishi, S. Yaguchi: ‘Discharge power control for fusion splice of optical fiber’. In: Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit at Los Angeles, CA February 22–27, 2004 (Optical Society of American, Washington, DC 2004) p. MF4Google Scholar
  20. 3.20
    N. P. Bansal, R. H. Doremus: Handbook of Glass Properties, (Academic Press, New York, 1986)Google Scholar
  21. 3.21
    E. Serafini: ‘Mechanical Strength of Optical Fiber Arc Fusion Splices’. In: 5th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication and 11th European Conference on Optical Communication at Venice, Italy, October 1–4, 1985 (Istituto Internazionale delle Communicazioni, Compagnia dei Librai Editrice, Genevo, 1985) pp. 445–448.Google Scholar
  22. 3.22
    S. M. Oh: Ceramic Bulletin, 55, 1108 (1979)Google Scholar
  23. 3.23
    U.-C. Paek, R. B. Runk: J. Appl. Phys. 49, 4417 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 3.24
    E. C. Beder, C. D. Bass, W. L. Shackleford: Appl. Opt. 10, 2263 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 3.25
    A. V. Dvurechenskii, V. A. Petrov, V. Yu Reznick: High Temp. 17, 51 (1979)Google Scholar
  26. 3.26
    R. Gardon: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 44, 305 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 3.27
    A. V. Dvurechensky, V. A. Petrov, V. Yu Reznick: Infrared Phys. 19, 465 (1979)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 3.28
    V. A. Petrov, S. V. Stepanov: High Temp. 13, 308 (1975)Google Scholar
  29. 3.29
    E. M. Sparrow, R. D. Cess: Radiation Heat Transfer, (Hemisphere Publishing, London 1978)Google Scholar
  30. 3.30
    S. H. Crandall, N. C. Dahl, T. J. Lardner: An Introduction to the Mechanics of Solids, 2nd edn. (McGraw-Hill, New York 1978)Google Scholar
  31. 3.31
    E. M. O’Brien, C. D. Hussey: Electron. Lett. 35, 168 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 3.32
    K. Furuya, T. C. Chong, Y. Suematsu: Trans. of the IECE of Japan, E61, 957 (1978)Google Scholar
  33. 3.33
    A. Ishikura, Y. Kato, M. Miyauchi: Appl. Opt. 25, 3460 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 3.34
    W. Stieb, J. Shulte, A. M. Oehler, T. M. Hauff, W. E. Heinlein: ‘Fusion splices with low loss between SM-Fibers of different types’. In: Proceedings of the 37th International Wire & Cable Symposium, Reno, NV, November 15–17, 1988 (US Army Commun.-Electron. Command, Fort Monmouth, NJ 1988) pp. 569–575Google Scholar
  35. 3.35
    A. M. Oehler, T. Hauff, W. E. Heinlein, W. Stieb, J. Shulte: ‘New fieldmatching technique for low-loss splices between conventional and dispersion-flattened single-mode fibers’. In Fourteenth European Conference on Optical Communication Vol. 1, London, September 11–15, 1988, (IEE, London, 1988) pp. 603–606Google Scholar
  36. 3.36
    D. B. Mortimore, J. W. Wright: Electon. Lett. 22, 319 (1986)Google Scholar
  37. 3.37
    P. M. Gerhart, R. J. Gross: Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, (Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA 1985)MATHGoogle Scholar
  38. 3.38
    W. D. Kingery: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 42, 6 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 3.39
    R. H. Doremus: Glass Science, (John Wiley & Sons, New York 1973)Google Scholar
  40. 3.40
    K. Tajima, M. Tateda, M. Ohashi: IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 411 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 3.41
    S. Sakaguchi, S. Todoroki: J. Non-Cryst. Solids 244, 232 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 3.42
    G. Kiss, E. Vogel: ‘High Yield Fusion Splicing in the Outside Plant: Using Fiber Meltback to Monitor Electrode Condition’. In: Proceedings of the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC) September 9–12, 1996 (Telcordia, Piscataway, NJ 1996) pp. 819–835Google Scholar
  43. 3.43
    O. Kawata, K. Hoshino, K. Ishihara: Opt. Lett. 9, 255 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 3.44
    W. Zheng: IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 548 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 3.45
    Y. Kato, S. Seikai, M. Tateda: Appl. Opt. 21, 1332 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 3.46
    J. M. Haynes: J. Colloid. Interface Sci., 32, 652 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 3.47
    J. Meseguer: J. Fluid Mech. 130, 123 (1983)ADSMATHMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 3.48
    S.-J. Kim, J.-M. Kim: ‘Thermally expanded core fiber fabrication method and optical fiber coupling method’. United States Patent no. 6,244,757 (2001)Google Scholar
  49. 3.49
    J. K. Mackenzie, R. Shuttleworth: Proc. Phys. Soc. London 62, 833 (1949)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 3.50
    J. T. Krause, W. A. Reed, K. L. Walker: IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 837 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 3.51
    H. Y. Tam: Electron. Lett. 27, 1597 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 3.52
    Y. Koyano, M. Onishi, K. Tamano, M. Nishimura: ‘Compactly-Packaged High Performance Fiber-Based Dispersion Compensation Modules’. In: 22nd European Conference on Optical Communications at Oslo, Norway, September 15–19, 1996, (IEEE, Piscataway NJ 1996) pp. 321–324Google Scholar
  53. 3.53
    L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, B. Edvold, T. Veng, D. Magnussen, C. C. Larsen, H. Damsgaard: Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 164 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 3.54
    K. Shiraishi: Appl. Opt. 29, 3469 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 3.55
    M. Kihara, M. Matsumoto, T. Haibara, S. Tomita: IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2209 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 3.56
    H. S. Carslaw, J. C. Jaeger: Conduction of Heat in Solids, 2nd edn. (Oxford, New York 1959)Google Scholar
  57. 3.57 Y.
    L. Luke: Integrals of Bessel Functions, (McGraw-Hill, New York 1962)MATHGoogle Scholar
  58. 3.58
    H. Rau, W. Hermann: Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 91, 833 (1987)Google Scholar
  59. 3.59
    K. Shiraishi, Y. Aizawa, and S. Kawakami: IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1151 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 3.60
    H. Yamada, H. Hanafusa: IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 531 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 3.61
    J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, K.-F. Klein, B. Knappe: J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 266 (1995)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. 3.62
    W. Hermann, A. Raith, H. Rau: Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 91, 56 (1987)Google Scholar
  63. 3.63
    C. P. Botham: Electron. Lett. 24, 243 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 3.64
    G. Kweon, I. Park, J. Shim: Appl. Opt. 37, 4789 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 3.65
    A. D. Yablon: IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 300 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 3.66
    G. W. Scherer: Appl. Opt. 19, 2000 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 3.67
    W. Hermann, M. Hutjiens, D. U. Weichert: Appl. Opt. 28, 1980 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 3.68
    S. Gulati: ‘Mechanical Properties of SiO2 vs. SiO2-TiO2 Bulk Glasses and Fibers’. In: Optical Waveguide Materials at Boston, MA, December 2–4, 1991, ed. by M. M. Broer, H. Kawazoe, G. H. Sigel, and R. Th. Kersten (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA 1992) pp. 67–84Google Scholar
  69. 3.69
    Y. Park, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, D. Y. Kim, C. R. Kurkjian: IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1823 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 3.70
    M. Akiyama, K. Nishide, K. Shima, A. Wada, R. Yamauchi: ‘A novel longperiod fiber grating using periodically released residual stress of pure-silica core fiber’. In: Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Jose, CA, February, 1998, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1998) pp. 276–277Google Scholar
  71. 3.71
    T. Enomoto, M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, T. Danzuka, H. Kanamori: ‘Longperiod fiber grating in a pure-silica-core fiber written by residual stress relaxation’. In: Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Jose, CA, February, 1998, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1998) pp. 277–278Google Scholar
  72. 3.72
    P. L. Chu, T. Whitbread: Electron. Lett. 20, 599 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 3.73
    Y. Mohanna: IEE Proc. Optoelecton., 142, 313 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 3.74
    T. Volotinen, M. Zimnol, M. Tomozawa, Y.-K. Lee, K. Raine: ‘Effect of Mechanical Stripping and Arc-Fusion on the Strength and Aging of a Spliced Recoated Optical Fiber’. In: Reliability of Photonics Materials and Structures at San Francisco, USA, April 13–16, 1998, ed. by E. Suhir, M. Fukuda, C. R. Kurkjian (Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA 1998) pp. 163–179Google Scholar
  75. 3.75
    K. Brugger: Appl. Opt. 10, 437 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 3.76
    U. C. Paek, C. R. Kurkjian: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 330 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 3.77
    G. W. Scherer: J. Non-Crystal. Sol. 34, 223 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 3.78
    F. Tosco: Fiber Optic Communications Handbook, (Tab Books, Summit, PA, 1990)Google Scholar
  79. 3.79
    P. K. Bachmann, W. Hermann, H. Wehr, D. U. Weichert: Appl. Opt. 26, 1175 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 3.80
    L. Rongved, C. R. Kurkjian, F. T. Geyling: J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 42, 579 (1980)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  81. 3.81
    A. K. Varshneya, D. Varshneya, V. Jain, J. Non-Crystal. Sol. 93, 215 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 3.82
    C.-S. Kim, Y. Han, B. H. Lee, W.-T. Han, U.-C. Paek, Y. Chung: Opt. Commun. 185, 337 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 3.83
    B. H. Kim, Y. Park, T.-J. Ahn, D. Y. Kim, B. H. Lee, Y. Chung, U. C. Paek, W.-T. Han: Opt. Lett. 26, 1657 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 3.84
    K. W. Raine, R. Feced, S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek: Appl. Opt. 38, 1086 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 3.85
    W. Primak, D. Post: J. Appl. Phys. 30, 779 (1959)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  86. 3.86
    P. L. Chu, T. Whitbread: Appl. Opt. 21, 4241 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 3.87
    D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, A. M. Vengsarkar: Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 3.88
    D. A. Krohn, A. R. Cooper: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 661 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 3.89
    S. M. Oh, P. H. Predieux, X. G. Glavas: Opt. Lett. 7, 241 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 3.90
    P. L. Chu, T. Whitbread: Electron. Lett. 20, 449 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 3.91
    Y. Ohuchi, A. Wada, R. Yamauchi, N. Sato, K. Inada: ‘Abrasion resistant optical fibers with mechanically induced compressive surface stress’. In Optical Fiber Communication Conference at San Francisco, CA, January 22–26, 1990, 1990, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC 1990) p. 172Google Scholar
  92. 3.92
    L. Rivoallan, J. Y. Guilloux: Electron. Lett. 24 756 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 3.93
    B. B. Harbison, W. I. Roberts, I. D. Aggarwal: Electron. Lett. 25 1214 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 3.94
    B. Srinivasan, M. Erlandsson, G. S. Feller, E. W. Mies, R. K. Jain: ‘Reproducible fusion splicing of low melting point (fluoride) optical fibers with the use of a stable heat source’. In: Technical Digest of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) at Dallas TX, February 16–21, 1997, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC) pp. 1–2Google Scholar
  95. 3.95
    Y. Kuriowa, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, S. Ohara, Y. Fukusawa, S. Ito: ‘Fusion Spliceable and High Efficient Bi2O3-based EDF for Short-Length and Broadband Application Pumped at 1480 nm’. In: Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) at Anaheim, CA, March 17–22, 2001 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC) p. TuI5Google Scholar
  96. 3.96
    K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, N. Sugimoto: ‘Highly-nonlinear Bismuth Oxide-based glass fibers for all-optical signal processing’. In: Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) at Anaheim, CA, March 17–22, 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC) pp. 567–568Google Scholar
  97. 3.97
    K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, N. Sugimoto: Electron. Lett. 38, 166 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 3.98
    M.R. Lange, E. Bryant, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers: ‘High gain coefficient phosphate glass fiber amplifier’. In: Technical Proceedings of the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC) at Orlando, FL USA, Sept., 2003, (Telcordia, Piscataway, NJ) pp. 960–967Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Personalised recommendations