Combined TDR and Low-Frequency Permittivity Measurements for Continuous Snow Wetness and Snow Density Determination

  • Markus Stacheder
  • Christof Huebner
  • Stefan Schlaeger
  • Alexander Brandelik


Snow Water Equivalent Liquid Water Content Snow Pack Snow Density Cable Sensor 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Stacheder
    • 1
  • Christof Huebner
    • 2
  • Stefan Schlaeger
    • 3
  • Alexander Brandelik
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center KarlsruheInstitute of Meteorology and Climate ResearchGermany
  2. 2.Fachhochschule MannheimUniversity of Applied SciencesGermany
  3. 3.Research Center KarlsruheInstitute of Technical ChemistryGermany

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