Embryology of the Head and Neck

  • Martin Catala


The skeleton of the head and neck represents a very complex set of bones whose development is both complicated and precise. It is by now impossible to write a precise and thorough chapter to account for the tremendous amount of new data gained by experimental embryology. So, I will focus my presentation on: (1) some elements of descriptive embryology that are mandatory to give the readers landmarks for human development; (2) the origin of the cells that are fated to form these structures and their subsequent development; (3) tissue interactions that could account for the malformative associations that can be observed in humans; and (4) genetic controls of these processes.


Neural Tube Neural Crest Neural Crest Cell Branchial Arch Parietal Bone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Catala
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Histology and Embryology Pitiè-Salpêtrière School of MedicineUniversity of Paris 6ParisFrance

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