Intrinsically Faint Quasars: Evidence for meV Axion Dark Matter in the Universe
Growing amount of observations indicate presence of intrinsically faint quasar subgroup (a few % of known quasars) with noncosmological quantized redshift. Here we find an analytical solution of Einstein equations describing bubbles made from axions with periodic interaction potential. Such particles are wellmotivated cold dark matter candidate. The bubble interior possesses equal gravitational redshift which can have any value between zero and infinity. Quantum pressure supports the bubble against collapse and yields states stable on the scale more then hundreds million years. Our results explain the observed quantization of quasar redshift and suggest that intrinsically faint point-like quasars associated with nearby galaxies are axionic bubbles with masses 108–109M⊙ and radii 103–104 R ⊙. They are born in active galaxies and ejected into surrounding space. Properties of such quasars unambiguously indicate presence of axion dark matter in the Universe and yield the axion mass m ≈ 1 meV, which fits in the open axion mass window constrained by astrophysical and cosmological arguments.
KeywordsDark Matter Bubble Surface Nearby Galaxy Active Galaxy Bubble Center
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