Structure and Properties of Materials


Crystal Morphology Ethylene Terephthalate Screw Axis Polymer Crystal Gauche Conformation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


General References: Specific References

  1. 1.
    See, for example the collections of beautiful crystals in: DeMichele V (1969) Kristalle; ein farbenfrohes Bild geheimnisvoller und gesetzmäß iger Kunstformen der Natur. Südwest Verlag, München (125 color reproductions); Roberts WL, Rapp GR, Jr, Weber J (1974) Encyclopedia of Minerals. Van Nostrand, New York.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Klug A, Crick FHC, Wyckoff HW (1958) Diffraction by Helical Structures. Acta Cryst 11: 199–213.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shimanouchi T, Mizushima S (1955) On the Helical Configuration of a Polymer Chain. J Chem Phys 23: 707–711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Natta G, Corradini P (1960) General Considerations on the Structure of Crystalline Polyhydrocarbons. Nuovo Cimento, Suppl 15: 9–39.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    McCoullough RL (1962) Representation of Ordered Systems. Polymer Preprints 3(2): 53–57.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The classical book dealing with the packing of motifs in crystals is: Kitaigorodskii AI (1955) Organicheskaya Kristallokhimiya. Press of the Acad Sci USSR. Moscow; revised English translation (1961) by the Consultants Bureau, New York.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bunn CW (1939) The Crystal Structure of Long Chain Normal Hydrocarbons. The Shape of the >CH2-group. Trans Farad Soc 35: 482–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hajduk DA, Harper PE, Gruner SM, Honeker CC, Kim G, Thomas EL, Fetters LJ (1994) The Gyroid: A New Equilibrium Morphology in Weakly Segregated Diblock Copolymers. Macromolecules 27: 4063–4075.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Matsen MW, Bates FS (1996) Unifying Weak-and Strong-segregation Block Copolymer Theories. Macromolecules 29: 1091–1098; and Matsen MW, Bates FS (1997) Block Copolymer Microstructures in the Intermediate-segregation Regime. J Chem Phys 106: 2436–2448.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hikosaka M (1987) Unified Theory of Nucleation of Folded-chain and Extended-chain Crystals of Linear-chain Polymers. Polymer 28: 1257–1264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wunderlich B, Shu HC (1980) The Crystallization and Melting of Selenium. J Crystal Growth 48: 227–239; see also: Crystallization during Polymerization of Selenium from the Vapour Phase. Polymer 21: 521–524.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Staudinger H, Johner H, Signer R, Mie G, Hengstenberg J (1927) Der polymere Formaldehyd, ein Modell der Zellulose. Z phys Chem 126: 425–448; see also: Staudinger H, Signer R (1929) Ü ber den Kristallbau hochmolekularer Verbindungen. Z Krist 70: 193–210; Sauter, E. (1932) Röntgenographische Untersuchungen an hochmolekularen Polyoxymethylenen. Z Phys Chem B18: 417–435.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Storks KH (1938) An Electron Diffraction Examination of Some Linear High Polymers. J Am Chem Soc 60: 1753–1761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Keller A (1957) A Note on Single Crystals in Polymers: Evidence of a Folded Chain Conformation. Phil Mag 2: 1171–1175.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fischer, EW (1957) Stufen und spiralförmiges Kristallwachstum bei Hochpolymeren. Z Naturforsch 12a: 753–754.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Geil PH (1958) Polyhedral Structures in Polymers Grown from the Melt. In Doremus, RH, Roberts BW, Turnbull DW, eds. Growth and Perfection of Crystals. Wiley, New York, p 579.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Till PH, Jr (1957) The Growth of Single Crystals of Polyethylene. J Polymer Sci 24: 301–306.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kobayashi K (1958) Fourth Int Congress for Electron Microscopy in Berlin, Germany. Published in (1962) Properties and Structure of Polymers. Kagaku (Chem) 8:203, Kagaku Dojin, Kyoto.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Herrmann K, Gerngross O, Abitz W (1930) Zur röntgenographischen Strukturerforschung des Gelantinemicells. Z phys Chem 10: 371–394.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bassett DC, Olley RH, Sutton SJ, Vaughan AS (1966) On Sperulite Growth in a Monodisperse Paraffin. Macromolecules 29: 1852–1853; On Chain Conformations and Sperulitic Growth in Monodisperse n-C294H590. Polymer 37: 4993–4997.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A first and quite comprehensive discussion of chain-folded crystals was given by Geil PH (1963) Polymer Single Crystals. Interscience, New York.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Popoff B (1927) Die Erscheinung der Strahlungskrystallisation. Fortschr Mineal Krist Petr 11: 320–321.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fu Y, Busing WR, Jin Y, Affholter KA, Wunderlich B (1993) Poly(ethylene Terephthalate) Fibers 1. Crystal Structure and Morphology Studies with Full-pattern X-ray Diffraction Refinement. Macromolecules 26: 2187–2193.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fu Y, Busing WR, Jin Y, Affholter KA, Wunderlich B (1994) Structure Analysis of the Noncrystalline Material in Poly(ethylene Terephthalate) Fibers. Macromol Chem Phys 195: 803–822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fu Y, Annis B, Boller A, Jin Y, Wunderlich B (1994) Analysis of Structure and Properties of Poly(ethylene Terephthalate) Fibers. J Polymer Sci, Part B: Polymer Phys 32: 2289–2306.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Busing WR (1990) X-ray Diffraction Study of Disorder in Allied Spectra-1000 Polyethylene Fibers. Macromolecules 23: 4608–4610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bu H, Pang Y, Song D, Yu Y, Voll T, Czornyj G, Wunderlich B (1991) Single Molecule Single Crystals. J Polymer Sci, Part B: Polymer Phys 29: 139–152.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bu H, Shi S, Chen E, Hu H, Zhang Z, Wunderlich B (1996) Single-molecule Single Crystals of Poly(ethylene Oxide). J Macromol Sci, Phys B35: 731–747.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Geil PH, Anderson FR, Wunderlich B, Arakawa T (1964) Morphology of Polyethylene Crystallized from the Melt under Pressure. J Polymer Sci, Part A 2: 3707–3720.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wunderlich B, Melillo L, Cormier CM, Davidson T, Snyder G (1967) Surface Melting and Crystallization of Polyethylene. J Macromol Sci B1: 485–516.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wunderlich B, Melillo L (1968) Morphology and Growth of Extended Chain Crystals of Polyethylene. Makromolekulare Chemie 118: 250–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sumpter BG, Noid DW, Liang GL, Wunderlich B (1994) Atomistic Dynamics of Macromolecular Crystals. Adv Polymer Sci 116: 27–72.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sumpter BG, Noid DW, Wunderlich B (1992) Computational Experiments on the Motion and Generation of Defects in Polymer Crystals. Macromolecules 25: 7247–7255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Peterlin A (1971) Molecular Model of Drawing Polyethylene and Polypropylene. J Mater Sci 6: 490–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Takayanagi M, Imada K, Kajiyama T (1966) Mechanical Properties and Fine Structure of Drawn Polymers. J Polymer Sci Part C 15: 263–280.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kamezawa M, Yamada K, Takayanagi M (1979) Preparation of Ultrahigh Modulus Isotactic Polypropylene by Means of Zone Drawing. J Appl Polymer Sci 24:1227–1236.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Wunderlich B (1958) Theory of Cold Crystallization of High Polymers. J Chem Phys 29: 1395–1404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Hirschfelder J, Stevenson D, Eyring, H (1937) A Theory of Liquid Structure. J Chem Phys 5: 896–912.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Lennard-Jones, JE Devonshire AF (1939) Critical and Cooperative Phenomena. III. A Theory of Melting and the Structure of Liquids. IV: A Theory of Disorder in Solids and Liquids and the Process of Melting. A Proc Roy Soc, London, Ser A 169: 317–338; 170: 464–484.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Richards JW (1897) Relations between the Melting Points and the Latent Heats of Fusion of the Metals. Chem News 75: 278–279.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Xenopoulos A, Cheng J, Yasuniva M, Wunderlich B (1992) Mesophases of Alkylammonium Salts. I. First-order Transitions. Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 214: 63–79.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Walden P (1908) Über die Schmelzwärme, spezifisch Kohäsion und die Molekulargröß e bei der Schmelztemperature. Z Elektrochem 14: 713–724.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Wunderlich B, Grebowicz, J (1984) Thermotropic Mesophases and Mesophase Transitions of Linear, Flexible Macromolecules. Adv Polymer Sci 60–61: 1–59.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Androsch R (2001) Reversibility of the Low-temperature Transition of Polytetra-fluoroethylene as Revealed by Temperature-modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetry. J Polymer Sci, Part B: Polym Phys 39: 750–756.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Fyfe CA (1983) Solid State NMR for Chemists. C.F.C Press, Guelph, CN.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Wunderlich B, Möller M, Grebowicz J, Baur H (1988) Conformational Motion and Disorder in Low and High Molecular Mass Crystals. Springer, Berlin (Adv Polymer Sci, Vol 87).Google Scholar
  47. de Gennes PG (1971) Reptation of a Polymer Chain in the Presence of Fixed Obstacles. J Chem Phys 55: 572–579 (1971).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Festag R, Alexandratos SD, Cook KD, Joy DC, Annis B, Wunderlich B (1997) Single-and Few-chain Polystyrene Particles by Electrospray. Macromolecules 30: 6238–6242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    van Krevelen DW ed (1997) Properties of Polymers: Their Correlation with Chemical Structure; Their Numerical Estimation and Prediction from Additive Group Contributions, 3rd edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Roberts AD, ed (1988) Natural Rubber Science and Technology. Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Boyd RH (1985) Relaxation Processes in Crystalline Polymers: Experimental Behavior; Molecular Interpretation—A Review. Polymer 26: 323–347 and 1123–1133.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Wunderlich, B (1997) The Basis of Thermal Analysis. In Turi E ed, Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials 2nd edn. Academic Press, New York, pp 387–389.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Wunderlich B (1962) Motion in Polyethylene. III. The Amorphous Polymer. J Chem Phys 37: 2429–2432.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Wunderlich B (1963) Motion in the Solid State of High Polymers. J Polymer Sci, Part C 1: 41–64.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Personalised recommendations