Sonography of Liver Metastases

  • Thomas Albrecht
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Liver Metastasis Focal Nodular Hyperplasia Portal Venous Phase Mechanical Index Focal Liver Lesion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albrecht T, Blomley MJ, Cosgrove DO, et al (1999) Non-invasive diagnosis of hepatic cirrhosis by transit-time analysis of an ultrasound contrast agent. Lancet 353:1579–1583CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Albrecht T, Hoffmann CW, Schettler S, et al (2000) B-mode enhancement at phase-inversion US with air-based microbubble contrast agent: initial experience in humans. Radiology 216:273–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Albrecht T, Hoffmann CW, Schmitz SA, et al (2001) Phase-inversion sonography during the liver-specific late phase of contrast enhancement: improved detection of liver metastases. AJR Am J Roentgenol 176:1191–1198PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Albrecht T, Oldenburg A, Hohmann J, et al (2003a) Imaging of liver metastases with contrast-specific low-MI real-time ultrasound and SonoVue. Eur Radiol 13(Suppl 3): N79–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Albrecht T, Blomley MJ, Burns PN, et al (2003b) Improved detection of hepatic metastases with pulse-inversion US during the liver-specific phase of SHU 508A: multicenter study. Radiology 227:361–370PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bluemke DA, Paulson EK, Choti MA, et al (2000) Detection of hepatic lesions in candidates for surgery: comparison of ferumoxides-enhanced MR imaging and dual-phase helical CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol 175:1653–1658PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Chomas J, Dayton P, May D, et al (2002) Nondestructive subharmonic imaging. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 49:883–892CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Clarke MP, Kane RA, Steele G Jr, et al (1989) Prospective comparison of preoperative imaging and intraoperative ultrasonography in the detection of liver tumors. Surgery 106:849–855PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Conlon R, Jacobs M, Dasgupta D, et al (2003) The value of intraoperative ultrasound during hepatic resection compared with improved preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Eur J Ultrasound 16:211–216CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Edmunson H, Craig J (1987) Neoplasms of the liver. In: Schiff L (ed) Diseases of the liver, 8th edn. Lippincott, Philadelphia, p 1109Google Scholar
  11. Hohmann J, Skrok J, Puls R, et al (2003) Characterization of focal liver lesions with contrast-enhanced low MI real time ultrasound and SonoVue. Rofo Fortschr Geb Rontgenstr Neuen Bildgeb Verfahr 175:835–843PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hope Simpson D, Burns PN (1999) Pulse inversion Doppler: a new method for detecting nonlinear echoes from microbubble contrast agents. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelec Freq Contr 46:372–382Google Scholar
  13. Hunerbein M, Rau B, Hohenberger P, et al (2001) Value of laparoscopic ultrasound for staging of gastrointestinal tumors. Chirurg 72:914–919PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Ishak KG, Rabin L (1975) Benign tumors of the liver. Med Clin North Am 59:995–1013PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Jones EC, Chezmar JL, Nelson RC, et al (1992) The frequency and significance of small (less than or equal to 15 mm) hepatic lesions detected by CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol 158:535–539PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Karhunen PJ (1986) Benign hepatic tumours and tumour like conditions in men. J Clin Pathol 39:183–188PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Kreft B, Pauleit D, Bachmann R, et al (2001) Häufigkeit und Bedeutung von kleinen fokalen Leberläsionen. Rofo Fortschr Geb Rontgenstr Neuen Bildgeb Verfahr 173:424–429CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Leen E, Goldberg JA, Angerson WJ, et al (2000) Potential role of Doppler perfusion index in selection of patients with colorectal cancer for adjuvant chemotherapy. Lancet 355:34–37CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Ohlsson B, Tranberg KG, Lundstedt C, et al (1993) Detection of hepatic metastases in colorectal cancer: a prospective study of laboratory and imaging methods. Eur J Surg 159:275–281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Schmidt J, Strotzer M, Fraunhofer S, et al (2000) Intraoperative ultrasonography versus helical computed tomography and computed tomography with arterioportography in diagnosing colorectal liver metastases: lesion-by-lesion analysis. World J Surg 24:43–48CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Schultz JF, Bell JD, Goldstein RM, et al (1999) Hepatic tumor imaging using iron oxide MRI: comparison with computed tomography, clinical impact, and cost analysis. Ann Surg Oncol 6:691–698CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Soyer P, Levesque M, Elias D, et al (1992) Detection of liver metastases from colorectal cancer: comparison of intraoperative US and CT during arterial portography. Radiology 183:541–544PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Wanless IR, Albrecht S, Bilbao J, et al (1989) Multiple focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver associated with vascular malformations of various organs and neoplasia of the brain: a new syndrome. Mod Pathol 2:456–462PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Ward J, Naik KS, Guthrie JA, et al (1999) Hepatic lesion detection: comparison of MR imaging after the administration of superparamagnetic iron oxide with dual-phase CT by using alternative-free response receiver operating characteristic analysis. Radiology 210:459–466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Wernecke K, Rummeny E, Bongartz G, et al (1991) Detection of hepatic masses in patients with carcinoma: comparative sensitivities of sonography, CT, and MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol 157:731–739PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Albrecht
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Campus Benjamin Franklin, CharitéUniversitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations