A model for lower deflagration limit and burning rate of catalyzed ammonium perchrolate

  • Tohru Mitani
2. Complex Chemistry and Physics
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 299)


An analytical model has been developed to describe the burning behavior of catalyzed ammonium perchlorate(AP) for pressures below 10 MPa. The increase in both the burning rate and the lower deflagration limit pressure(LDP) of AP with catalyst content is investigated. The peculiar increase of LDP of AP by catalysts can be understood on the basis of an inherent instability of the condensed phase deflagration wave decoupled from the gas phase deflagration wave. The effects of external heat addition, preheating and the fuel added to AP on the LDP are also explained using the model.


Burning Rate Condensed Phase Regression Rate Diffusion Flame Ammonium Perchlorate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Spalding, D.B., Combustion and Flame, vol.4, 1960, pp.59–76.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Steinz, J. A. and Summerfield, M., Princeton Univ., Dept. of Aerospace and Mechanical Eng., Report No.446q, 1965.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Johnson, W. F. and Nachbar, W., Eighth Symp.(Int.) on Combustion, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1962, pp. 678–689.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hightower, J.D. and Price, E.W., Astronautica Acta, vol. 14, 1968, pp.11–21.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guirao, C. and Williams, F.A., AIAA J., vol. 9, No.7, 1971, pp. 1345–1356.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Friedman, R., Nagent, R.G., Rumbel, K.E. and Sairlock, A.C., Sixth Symp.(Int.) on Combustion, Reinhold, New York, 1957, pp. 612–618. Williams and Wilkins, Boltimore, 1962, pp. 663–672.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shadman-Yazdi, F. and Petersen, E.E., Combustion Science and Technology, vol. 5, 1972, pp. 61–67.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Boggs, T.L., Price, E.W. and Zurn, D.E., Thirteenth Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, Comb. Inst., Pittsburgh, 1971, pp.995–1008.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McHale, E.T. and von Elbe, G., Combustion Science and Technology, vol.2, 1970, pp.227–237.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mitani, T. and Niioka, T., Twentieth Symp.(Int.) on Combustion, Comb. Inst., Pittsburgh, 1984, pp.2043–2049.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wiersma, S.J. and Wise, H., Combustion Science and Technology, 19, 1978, pp.1–11.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Arden, E.A., Powling, J. and Smith, W.A.W., Combustion and Flame, vol. 6, 1962, pp.21–33.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ben-Reuven, M. and Summerfield, M., ARBRL-CR-00507, U.S.Army Ballistic Research Lab. 1983.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Denison, M.R. and Baum, E., American Rocket Society Journal, vol. 31, 1961, pp.1112–1122. also see Williams, F.A., Combustion Theory, 2nd Ed., Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co., Calif., 1985, p328.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shkadinskii, K.G., Khaikin, O.I. and Librovich, V.B., Moscow, Nauka, 1975.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Merzhanov, A.G. and Porovinskaya, I.P., Combustion Science and Technology, vol. 10, 1975, pp.195–201.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mitani, T. and Williams, F.A., Twenty first Symp.(Int.) on Combustion, Comb. Inst., Pittsburgh, 1986, pp. also see Sandia National Lab. Report SAND86-8230, Livermore, Calif., 1986.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hall, A.R. and Pearson, G.S., Oxidation and Combustion Review, (Tipper, C.F.H. Ed.), Elsevier Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 3, No. 2, 1968, pp.129–239.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kishor, K. and Sunitha, M.R., AIAA J., vol.17, No.10, 1979, pp.1118–1125.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pittman Jr. C.U., AIAA J., vo1.7, No. 2 1969, pp.328–334.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Handley, J.C. and Strahle, W., AIAA J., vo1.13, No. 1, 1975, pp.5–6.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bobolev, V.K., Glaskova, A.P., Zenin, A.A. and Leipunskii, O.I., Doklady Akad. Nauk, SSSR., vol. 151, 1963, p503.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Krishnan, S. and Periasamy, C., AIAA J., vo1.24; No.10, 1986, pp. 1670–1675.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Cohen Nir, E., La Rechorche Aerosptiale, vol. 4, No. 2, 1972, pp.75–84.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tohru Mitani
    • 1
  1. 1.National Aerospace LaboratoryMiyagiJapan

Personalised recommendations