Heating of chromospheres and coronae present status of theory

  • Lawrence Cram
Heating of Stellar Chromospheres and Coronae
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 291)


Three aspects of the theory of the non-radiative heating of stellar atmospheres are treated in this review. First, the transient brightenings seen in the inter-network quiet chromosphere are discussed, and their importance to the basal heating rate of stellar chromospheres is emphasized. Second, recent investigations of simple models for magnetostatic flux tubes are described, and the possible importance of current filamentation as a heating process in such tubes is noted. It is also pointed out that departures from simple magnetic topology in and beneath the photosphere can exert a marked effect on the atmospheric field structure. Third, an account is given of recent work on models of electrodynamic heating in stellar coronae, including the mechanisms of topological heating and resonant absorption, and the use of circuit models to describe the coupling between the generation and dissipation regions in the star.


Solar Phys Flux Tube Stellar Atmosphere Alfven Wave Coronal Heating 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ayres, T.R., Testerman, L. and Brault, J.W. 1986, Astrophys. J. 304, 542.Google Scholar
  2. Chapman, G.A. 1977, Astophys. J. Suppl. 33, 35.Google Scholar
  3. Cram, L.E. and Damé, L. 1983, Astophys. J. 272, 355.Google Scholar
  4. Davila, J.M. 1987, Astrophys. J. 317, 514.Google Scholar
  5. Deinzer, W., Bensler, G., Schüssler, M. and Weisshaar, E. 1984, Astron. Astrophys. 139, 426.Google Scholar
  6. Dere, K.P., Bartoe, J.-D.F. and Brueckner, G.E. 1986, Astrophys. J. 305, 947.Google Scholar
  7. Gouttebroze, P. and Leibacker, J.W. 1980, Astrophys. J. 238, 1134.Google Scholar
  8. Hasan, S.S. 1985, Astron. Astrophys. 143, 39.Google Scholar
  9. Hasan, S.S. and Schüssler, M. 1985, Astron. Astrophys. 151, 69.Google Scholar
  10. Herbold, G., Ulmschneider, P., Spruit, H.C. and Romer, R. 1985, Astron. Astrophys. 145, 157.Google Scholar
  11. Heyvaerts, J. and Priest, E.R. 1983, Astron. Astrophys. 117, 220.Google Scholar
  12. Heyvaerts, J. and Priest, E.R. 1984, Astron. Astrophys. 137, 63.Google Scholar
  13. Ionson, J.A. 1983, Astrophys. J. 271, 778.Google Scholar
  14. Kalkofen, W., Rosner, W., Ferrari, A. and Massaglia, S. 1986, Astrophys J. 304, 519.Google Scholar
  15. Kulsrud, R.M. 1955, Astrophys. J. 121, 461.Google Scholar
  16. Lindsey, C.A. 1981, Astrophys. J. 244, 659.Google Scholar
  17. Parker, E.N. 1983, Astrophys. J. 264, 635.Google Scholar
  18. Pizzo, V.J. 1986, Astrophys. J. 302, 785.Google Scholar
  19. Priest, E.R. 1984, Solar Magnetohydrodynamics, (Reidel: Dordrecht).Google Scholar
  20. Rabin, D. and Moore, R. 1984,Astrophys. J. 285, 359.Google Scholar
  21. Sakurai, T. and Levine, R.H. 1981, Astrophys. J. 248, 817.Google Scholar
  22. Schrÿver, C.J.;1987, Astron. Astrophys. 172, 111.Google Scholar
  23. Sivaraman, K.P. and Livingston, W.B. 1982, Solar Phys. 80,227.Google Scholar
  24. Spruit, H.C. 1977, Solar Phys. 55, 3.Google Scholar
  25. Spruit, H.C. 1979, Solar Phys. 61, 363.Google Scholar
  26. Spruit, H.C. and Roberts, B. 1983, Nature 304, 401.Google Scholar
  27. Stefanik, R.P., Ulmschneider, P., Hammer, R., and Durrant, C.J. 1984, Astron. Astophys. 134, 77.Google Scholar
  28. Topka, K.P., Tarbell, T.D. and Title, A.M. 1986, Astophys. J. 306, 304.Google Scholar
  29. Ulmschneider, P. 1979, Space Sci. Rev. 24, 71.Google Scholar
  30. Ulmschneider, P. and Stein, R.F. 1982, Astron. Astophys. 106, 9.Google Scholar
  31. van Ballegooijen, A. 1985, Astrophys. J. 298, 421.Google Scholar
  32. Woods, D.T. and Cram, L.E. 1981, Solar Phys. 69, 233.Google Scholar
  33. Zwaan, C. 1978, Solary Phys. 60, 213.Google Scholar
  34. Zwaan, C., Brants, J.J. and Cram, L.E. 1985, Solar Phys. 95, 3.Google Scholar
  35. Zweibel, E.G. and Li, H.-S. 1987, Astrophys. J. 312, 423.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence Cram
    • 1
  1. 1.School of PhysicsUniversity of SydneyN.S.W.Australia

Personalised recommendations