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Synthetic ion-exchange resins

  • Mukul Biswas
  • S. Packirisamy
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 70)

Abstract

This review highlights the developments in the field of cation-exchange, anion-exchange, composite and thermally regenerable resins. The main focus is on the literature on synthesis and physico-chemical properties. Cation-exchange and anion-exchange resins have been discussed on the basis of the nature of monomers involved in the synthesis of polymeric matrices of the resins. Composite ion-exchange resins which incorporate inert materials and magnetic particles are discussed. The polymerization techniques adopted to synthesize thermally regenerable ion-exchange resins possessing the maximum possible thermally regenerable capacity are dealt with.

It appears that enough scope exists in framing novel synthetis and modification procedures based on the resin systems discussed in this review so as to render them more useful and economically viable.

Keywords

Methyl Acrylate Phosphonic Acid Acid Resin Vinyl Alcohol Ethyl Acrylate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

MA

Methyl acrylate

EA

Ethyl acrylate

BA

Butylacrylate

AAm

Acrylamide

MAAm

Methacrylamide

DAA

Diallylamine

MDAA

Methyldiallylamine

TAA

Triallylamine

TAT

1,3,5-Triacryloylhexahydrotriazine

NVC

N-Vinylcarbazole

DVB

Divinylbenzene

HEXA

1,6-bis(N,N-diallylamino)hexane

EGDMA

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate

ABME

Allyl benzoin methyl ether

AIBN

Azo-bis-isobutyronitrile

PVC

Poly(Vinyl chloride)

SDVB

Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer

PNVC

Poly(N-Vinylcarbazole)

NVCF

N-Vinylcarbazole-furfural copolycondensate

PNVCF

Poly(N-Vinylcarbazole)—furfural copolycondensate

NVCPA

N-Vinylcarbazole—phthalic anhydride condensate

NVCDVB

N-Vinylcarbazole—divinylbenzene copolymer

NVCFO

N-Vinylcarbazole—formaldehyde copolycondensate

PNVCS

Sulfonic acid resin from PNVC

NVCFS

Sulfonic acid resin from NVCF

PNVCFS

Sulfonic acid resin from PNVCF

NVCDVBS

Sulfonic acid resin from NVCDVB

NVCFOS

Sulfonic acid resin from NVCFO

SFS

Sulfonic acid resin from styrene—furfural copolycondensate

PFS

Sulfonic acid resin from α-pinene—furfural copolycondensate

KU-1

Commercial sulfonic acid resin from phenol—formaldehyde resin

KU-2

Commercial sulfonic acid resin from SDVB copolymer

PNVCP

Phosphonic acid resin from PNVC

NVCFP

Phosphonic acid resin from NVCF

PNVCFP

Phosphonic acid resin from PNVCF

SFP

Phosphonic acid resin from styrene—furfural copolycondensate

SFAP

Phosphonic acid resin from acetylated styrene—furfural copolycondensate

PFP

Phosphonic acid resin from α-pinene—furfural copolycondensate

PFAP

Phosphonic acid resin from acetylated α-pinene—furfural copolycondensate

FAT

Condensation product of furfural with tetramethyl diuram disulfide and polyethylenepolyamine

AN-2F

Condensation product of methylol phenol derivatives and polyethylenepolyamine

PP-type resin

Porous SDVB resin obtained by using a nonsolvating diluent (precipitant) in the polymerizing mixture

PPS-type resin

Porous SDVB resin obtained by using a nonsolvating diluent along with a solvating diluent in the polymerizing mixture

PM-type resin

Porous SDVB resin obtained by incorporating a preformed linear polymer in the polymerizing mixture

PMS-type resin

Porous SDVB resin obtained by incorporating a linear preformed polymer and a solvating diluent in the polymerizing mixture

PMP-type resin

Porous SDVB resin obtained by incorporating a preformed linear polymer and a nonsolvating diluent in the polymerizing mixture

IPNs

Interpenetrating polymeric networks

meq/g

Milliequivalents per gram

FM

Volume fraction of monomer (M)

Di

Apparent co-efficient of interdiffusion in cm2 sec−1

KHA

Relative affinity co-efficient for the exchange \(\bar H^ + + A^ + \rightleftharpoons \bar A^ + + H^ +\)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mukul Biswas
    • 1
  • S. Packirisamy
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Polymer ScienceTokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan

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