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Microhardness relating to crystalline polymers

  • F. J. Baltá Calleja
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 66)

Abstract

The present review shows how the microhardness technique can be used to elucidate the dependence of a variety of local deformational processes upon polymer texture and morphology. Microhardness is a rather elusive quantity, that is really a combination of other mechanical properties. It is most suitably defined in terms of the pyramid indentation test. Hardness is primarily taken as a measure of the irreversible deformation mechanisms which characterize a polymeric material, though it also involves elastic and time dependent effects which depend on microstructural details. In isotropic lamellar polymers a hardness depression from ideal values, due to the finite crystal thickness, occurs. The interlamellar non-crystalline layer introduces an additional weak component which contributes further to a lowering of the hardness value. Annealing effects and chemical etching are shown to produce, on the contrary, a significant hardening of the material. The prevalent mechanisms for plastic deformation are proposed. Anisotropy behaviour for several oriented materials is critically discussed.

These include: cold drawn, high pressure oriented chain-extended, solid state extruded, die-drawn, and injection moulded polymers. Correlation of hardness to macroscopic properties is also examined. In summary, microhardness is shown to be a useful complementary technique of polymer characterization providing information on microscopic mechanical properties.

Keywords

Draw Ratio Crystalline Polymer Lamellar Thickness Crystal Thickness Microindentation Hardness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. Baltá Calleja
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSICMadrid 6Spain

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