Introducing statistical computing — Evolution of the cognitive system of the novice user
-characteristics of the student;
-strategy and content of the course;
-development of a model of the system in the student's mind.
If this investigation takes place in an existing course the investigator is normally not allowed to interfere with the teaching method or with the curriculum. The investigation therefore will not have the character of an experiment, the testing of hypotheses will not be a central goal. A description the phenomena is the main result, the teaching strategy (and the subject matter of the course, the task domain for which the system is introduced) not being a variable in the individual study. The results of these sources may only be speculated upon, albeit that comparison with similar studies in the long run will result in clarity about the relations (Eason, 1983). The authors plan to repeat this study with a number of different institutions for other task domains.
KeywordsMental Model Statistical Computing Cognitive Style Task Domain Dish Washer
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Anderson, R.E., Hansen, T.P., Johnson, D.C., Klassen, D.L. (1979). Minnesota Computer Literacy and Awareness Assessment. Minnesota Educational Computing Consortium, St. Paul.Google Scholar
- Cooper, M.F. (1982). Introducing SPSS (7 video tapes, course notes and SPSS exercises). NUMAC, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.Google Scholar
- Eason, K. (1983). Metnodological issues in the study of human factors in teleinformatic systems. Behaviour and Information Technology, 2, 357–364.Google Scholar
- Kagan, J., Rosman, B.L., Day, D., Albert, J., Phillips, W. (1964). Information processing in the child: Significance of analytic and reflective attitudes. Psychological Monographs, 78.Google Scholar
- Kahney, H. (1983). Problem solving by novice programmers. The Psychology of Computer Use. T.R.G. Green, S.J. Payne, G.C. van der Veer (eds). Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
- Lawson, H.W. (1982). Understanding Computer Systems. Computer Science Press, Rockvill, MD.Google Scholar
- Moran, T.P. (1981). The Command Language Grammer: a representation for the user interface of interactive computer systems. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 15, 3–50.Google Scholar
- van Muylwijk, B., van der Veer, G.C. and Waern, Y. (1983). On the implications of user variability in open systems — An overview of the little we know and of the lot we have to find out. Behaviour and Information Technology, 2, 313–326.Google Scholar
- Nie, N.H., Hull, C.H., Jenkins, J.G., Steinbrenner, K., Bent, D.H. (1975). Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Mc.Graw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
- Norman, D.A. (1983). Some observations on mental models. Mental Models. D. Gentner, A. Stevens (eds). Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale.Google Scholar
- van der Veer, G.C. and van de Wolde, G.J.E. (1983). Individual differences and aspects of control flow notation. The Psychology of Computer Use. T.R.G. Green. S.J. Payne, G.C. van der Veer (eds). Academic Press, London.Google Scholar