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Linear amino polymers: Synthesis, protonation and complex formation

  • Paolo Ferruti
  • Rolando Barbucci
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 58)

Abstract

Linear amino polymers containing basic nitrogen atoms are critically reviewed with regard to their synthesis, protonation and complex formation in solution with metal ions. Cross linked resins having essentially the same structure as linear polymers, are also mentioned. As far as the protonation is concerned, special care has been given to thermodynamic aspects, and to the most probable protonation mechanism. Complexing abilities of these polymers have been evaluated through stability constants and spectroscopic parameters. Practical implications of the properties have been considered.

Keywords

Stability Constant Titration Curve Basicity Constant Aminic Nitrogen Ethylene Imine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations and Symbols

pK

−log [H+] [L]/[HL+]

pKa

pK referred to coordinated acid dissociation

pK0

pK of ionizing groups in the absence of electrostatic interactions with other ionizing groups

pKapp

pH+logα/1−α

pKav

average pK

pHp

pH at beginning polymer precipitation

α

degree of ionization; degree of neutralization

log β′

logarithm of the overall stability constant of complexes

γ

fraction of ionizable groups present in the form of charged neighbour pairs

β

degree of protonation of residual tertiary amino groups

δ

overall degree of neutralization

ε

degree of neutralization of quaternary ammonium hydroxide sites

M

Mol, molar

c

concentration; cM = molar concentration; cMppt = molar concentration at the precipitation point

\(\bar M\);n

number average molecular weight

〈P〉

average polymerization degree

[η]

viscosity number; intrinsic viscosity

ηsp

specific viscosity

ηinh

inherent viscosity at a given concentration

ΔH0, ΔG0, ΔS0

enthalpy, free energy, and entropy of formation, respectively

DMF

dimethyl formamide

ORD

optical rotatory dispersion

CD

circular dichroism

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Copyright information

© Spring-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Ferruti
    • 1
  • Rolando Barbucci
    • 2
  1. 1.Istituto di Chimica degli Intermedi dell' UniversitàBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Istituto di Chimica Generale dell' UniversitàSienaItaly

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