Gas filled heavy ion detectors

  • H. Stelzer
Session I. Gas Detectors
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 178)


I have tried to illustrate the present status of gas-filled heavy-ion detectors. Despite their venerable age, gaseous detectors are in a still ongoing stage of development, continously modified and adapted to new experimental requirements. Heavy ion experiments require detection systems which are able to record simultaneously in only one detector several parameters, like time-of-arrival, position or energy, of particles covering a broad range of specific ionization. Gas-filled detectors have proven to be well suited to meet these demands.

In the near future, the interest in heavy-ion physics will focus on higher energies and the demands for detectors will change. On the one hand, very thin detectors, like the one used up to now, will be needed to register particles from the target-fragmentation region, but the fast forward-going products with their much less specific ionization and their high multiplicity will require detection systems which resemble more and more the ones used in High Energy Physics.


Ionization Chamber Nuclear Charge Proportional Counter Entrance Window Transversal Diffusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bock 82.
    R. Bock, Y.T. Chu, M. Dakowski, A. Gobbi, E. Grosse, A. Olmi, H. Sann, D. Schwalm, U. Lynen, W.F.J. Müller, S. Bjornholm, H. Esbensen, W. Wölfli, E. Morenzoni, accepted for publication in Nucl. Phys.Google Scholar
  2. Bohrmann 76.
    S. Bohrmann, Diplomarbeit, Universität Heidelberg, 1976, unpublishedGoogle Scholar
  3. Breskin 77.
    A. Breskin, and N. Zwang, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 146 (1977) 461Google Scholar
  4. Breskin 79.
    A. Breskin, G. Charpak, S. Majewski, G. Melchart, G. Petersen, and F. Sauli, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 161 (1979)19Google Scholar
  5. Breskin 82.
    A. Breskin, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 196 (1982)11Google Scholar
  6. Charpak 68.
    G. Charpak, R. Boucher, T. Bressani, J. Favier, and C. Zupancic, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 62 (1968)262Google Scholar
  7. Charpak 78.
    G. Charpak, and F. Sauli, Phys. Lett. 78B (1978)523Google Scholar
  8. Eyal 78.
    Y. Eyal, and H. Stelzer, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 155 (1978)157Google Scholar
  9. Farr 78.
    W. Farr, J. Heintze, K.H. Hellenbrand, and A.H. Walenta, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 154 (1978)175Google Scholar
  10. Gaukler 77.
    G. Gaukler, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Schuch, R. Schule, H.J. Specht, and I. Tserruya, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 141 (1977)115Google Scholar
  11. Geiger 12.
    H. Geiger and E. Rutherford, Phil. Mag. 24 (1912)618Google Scholar
  12. Geiger 28.
    H. Geiger and W. Müller, Phys. Z. 29 (1928)839 and Phys. Z. 30(1929)489Google Scholar
  13. Gobbi 81.
    A. Gobbi, G. Augustinski, R. Bock, H. Daues, S. Gralla, K.D.Hildenbrand, M. Ludwig, W.F.J. Müller, A. Olmi, M. Petrovici, W. Quick, H.Sann, H. Stelzer, J. Toke, GSI Scientific Report 1981Google Scholar
  14. Gruhn 79.
    C. R. Gruhn, in: Proc. Symposium on Heavy Ion Physics from 10 to 200 MeV/u, BNL-51115(1979), p. 471Google Scholar
  15. Gruhn 82.
    C. R. Gruhn, M. Binimi, R. Legrain, R. Loveman, W. Pang, M. Roach, D.K. Scott, A. Shotter, T.J. Symons, J. Wouters, M. Zisman, R. Devfries, Y.C. Peng, and W. Sondheim, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 196 (1982)33Google Scholar
  16. Harrach 79.
    D.v. Harrach, and H.J. Specht, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 164 (1979)477Google Scholar
  17. Hempel 75.
    G. Hempel, F. Hopkins, and G. Schatz, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 131 (1975)445Google Scholar
  18. Huber 80.
    F. Huber, A. Fleury, R. Bimbot, D. Gardes, Ann. Phys. Fr. Vol. 5(1980)Google Scholar
  19. ICRU 79.
    International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurement, ICRU Report 31(1979)Google Scholar
  20. Jean-Marie 79.
    B. Jean-Marie, V. Lepeltier, and D. L'Hote, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 159 (1979)213Google Scholar
  21. Jones 81.
    A.R. Jones and R.M. Holford, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 189 (1981)503Google Scholar
  22. Just 78.
    M. Just, D. Habs, V. Metag, and H.J. Specht,Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 148 (1975)283Google Scholar
  23. Keller 82.
    J.G. Keller, K.-H. Schmidt, Ch. Sahm, and H. Stelzer, to be published in Nucl. Instr. & Meth.Google Scholar
  24. Lieb 82.
    K.P. Lieb, S. Brüssermann, H. Emling, E. Grosse, J.Stachel, and P. Sona, to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  25. Lynen 80.
    U. Lynen, private communicationGoogle Scholar
  26. Lynen 82.
    U. Lynen, R. Bock, Y.T. Chu, P. Doll, R. Glasow, A. Gobbi, K.D. Hildenbrand, H. Ho, W. Kühn, H. Löhner, W.F.J. Müller, A. Olmi, D. Pelte, H. Sann, R. Santo, H. Stelzer, U. Winkler, invited talk at the Int. Conf. on Selected Aspects of Heavy Ion Reactions, Saclay, May 3–7, 1982, Nucl. Phys. A387 (1982)129Google Scholar
  27. McKenzie 79.
    McKenzie, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 162 (1979)49 and references thereinGoogle Scholar
  28. Northcliff 70.
    L.C. Northcliff, and R.F. Schilling, Nucl. Data Tables A7(1970)Google Scholar
  29. Pferdekämper 77.
    K.E. Pferdekämper, and H.G. Clerc, Z. Physik A280 (1977)155Google Scholar
  30. Rosner 81.
    G. Rosner, B. Heck, J. Pochodzalla, G. Hlawatsch, B. Kolb, and A. Miczaika, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 188 (1981)561Google Scholar
  31. Rutherford 08.
    E. Rutherford and H. Geiger: Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., Ser. A81 (1908)141Google Scholar
  32. Sann 75.
    H. Sann, H. Damjantschitsch, D. Hebbard, J. Junge, D. Pelte, B. Povh, D. Schwalm and D.B. Tran Thoai, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 124 (1975)509Google Scholar
  33. Sann 80.
    H. Sann, private communicationGoogle Scholar
  34. Schiessl 82.
    Ch. Schiesst, W. Wagner, K. Hartel, P. Kienle, H.J. Körner, W. Mayer and K.E. Rehm, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 192 (1982)291Google Scholar
  35. Sistemich 76.
    K. Sistemich, P. Armbruster, J.P. Boucquet, Ch. Chauvin, and Y. Glaize, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 133 (1976)163Google Scholar
  36. Stelzer 76.
    H. Stelzer, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 133 (1976)409Google Scholar
  37. Stelzer 82.
    this programm is based on: H. Buchholz, Elektrische und magnetische Potentialfelder, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1957. It has originally been written to calculate field distributions in drift-chambers and multiwire proportional chambers (cf. K. Bethge (ed.) Experimental Methods in Heavy Ion Physics, p. 167. Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 83, Springer-Verlag 1978).Google Scholar
  38. Urban 81.
    M. Urban, W.R. Graves, and C. Heil, Nucl. Instr. & Meth. 188 (1981)47Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Stelzer
    • 1
  1. 1.GSIDarmstadt

Personalised recommendations