Advertisement

The flavin redox-system and its biological function

  • Franz Müller
Conference paper
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 108)

Keywords

Prosthetic Group Japan Scientific Society Isoalloxazine Ring Lipoamide Dehydrogenase Free Flavin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ESR

electron spin resonance

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance

ENDOR

electron-nuclear double resonance

FAD

flavin adenine dinucleotide

FMN

riboflavin-5′-monophosphate (flavin mononucleotide)

TARF

tetracetylriboflavin

Rfl

riboflavin

Lfl

lumiflavin

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

7 References

  1. 1.
    Blyth, A. W.: J. Chem. Soc. 35, 530 (1879)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rosenthaler, L.: Biochem. Z. 14, 235 (1908)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dixon, M., Kodama, K.: Biochem. J. 20, 1104 (1926)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Warburg, O., Christian, W.: Biochem. Z. 254, 438 (1932)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kuhn, R., Reinemund, K., Weygand, F.: Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 67, 1460 (1934)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Karrer, P., Schöpp, K., Benz, F.: Helv. Chim. Acta 18, 426 (1935)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Theorell, H.: Biochem. Z. 278, 263 (1935)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kuhn, R., Rudy, H. Weygand, F.: Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 69, 1543 (1936)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Warburg, O. Christian, W.: Biochem. Z. 296, 294 (1938)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Straub, F. B.: Biochem. J. 33, 787 (1939)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Weber, G.: Biochem. J. 47, 114 (1950)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sanadi, D. R., Littlefield, J. W., Bock, R. M.: J. Biol. Chem. 197, 851 (1952)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Green, D. E., Beinert, H.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 11, 599 (1953)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Christie, S. M. H., Kenner, G. W., Todd, A. R.: J. Chem. Soc. 1954, 46Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sutton, W. B.: J. Biol. Chem. 210, 309 (1954)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kearney, E. B., Singer, T. P.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 17, 596 (1955)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Boeri, E., Tosi, L.: Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 60, 463 (1956)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Beinert, H.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 78, 5323 (1956)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Steyn-Parvé, E. P., Beinert, H.: J. Biol. Chem. 233, 853 (1958)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lang, C. A., Nason, A.: J. Biol. Chem. 234, 1874 (1959)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kearney, E. B.: J. Biol. Chem. 235, 865 (1960)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Katagiri, M., Yamamoto, S., Hayaishi, O.: J. Biol. Chem. 237, 2413 (1962)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Becker, W. et al.: Biochem. Z. 337, 156 (1963)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hemmerich, P.: Helv. Chim. Acta 47, 464 (1964)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    McCormick, D. B., Chassy, B. M., Tsibris, J. C. M.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 89, 447 (1964)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mager, H. I. X., Berends, W.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 118, 440 (1966)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Massey, V., Palmer, G.: Biochemistry 5, 3181 (1966)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kierkegaard, P. et al.: J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1967, 288Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Siegel, L. M., Monty, K. J., Kamin, H.: Federaton Proc. 26, 858 (1967)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ehrenberg, A., Müller, F., Hemmerich, P.: Eur. J. Biochem. 2, 286 (1967)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Machinist, J. M., Dehner, E. W., Ziegler, D. M.: Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 125, 858 (1968)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hemmerich, P. et al,: FEBS Lett. 3, 37 (1969)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ludwig, M. L. et al.: J. Biol. Chem. 244, 6047 (1969)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Massey, V. et al.: J. Biol. Chem. 244, 3999 (1969)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Müller, F., Massey, V.: J. Biol. Chem. 244, 4007 (1969)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Monteilhet, C., Risler, J. L.: Eur. J. Biochem. 12, 165 (1970)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Tanaka, M. et al.: Biochemistry 10, 3041 (1971)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Müller, F., in: Flavins and Flavoproteins. Kamin, H. (ed.), p. 363. Baltimore: University Park Press 1971Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Watenpaugh, K. D. et al.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 69, 3185 (1972)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Müller, F.: Z. Naturforsch. 27b, 1023 (1972)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Ghisla, S., Mayhew, S. G.: J. Biol. Chem. 248, 6568 (1973)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Miura, R. et al.: J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1973, 703Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Porter, D., Voet, J., Bright, H.: J. Biol. Chem. 248, 440 (1973)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Ghisla, S. et al.: Biochemistry 13, 589 (1974)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Drenth, J., Hol, W. G. J., Wierenga, R. K.: J. Biol. Chem. 250, 5268 (1975)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Wierenga, R. K. et al.: J. Mol. Biol. 131, 55 (1979)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Schulz, G. E. et al.: FEBS Lett. 54, 86 (1975)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Schulz, G. E. et al.: Nature 273, 120 (1978)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Smith, W. W. et al.: J. Mol. Biol. 94, 123 (1975)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Shinkai, S., Sakuma, Y., Yoneda, F.: J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1976, 986Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Moore, E. G., Cardemil, E., Massey, V.: J. Biol. Chem. 253, 6413 (1978)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Eirich, L. D., Vogels, G. D., Wolfe, R. S.: Biochemistry 17, 4583 (1978)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Edmondson, D. E., James, T. L.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76, 3786 (1979)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Eweg, J. K. et al.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 102, 51 (1980)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Palmer, M. H., Simpson, I., Platenkamp, R. J.: J. Mol. Structure 66, 243 (1980)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Beinert, H.: The Enzymes, 2nd edit., Vol. 2, p. 339, New York: Academic Press 1960Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Michaelis, L., Schubert, M. P., Smythe, C. V.: J. Biol. Chem. 116, 587 (1936)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Michaelis, L., Schwarzerbach, G.: J. Biol. Chem. 123, 527 (1938)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Hemmerich, P., Fallab, S.: Helv. Chim. Acta 41, 498 (1958)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Massey, V., Hemmerich, P.: Biochem. Soc. Trans. 8, 246 (1980)Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Bruice, T. C.: Acc. Chem. Res. 13, 256 (1980)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Walsh, C.: Acc. Chem. Res. 13, 148 (1980)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Simondson, R. P., Tollin, G.: Mol. Cell. Biochemistry 33, 13 (1980)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Hemmerich, P.: Prog. Chem. Org. Nat. Prod. 33, 451 (1976)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Slater, E. C. (ed.): Flavins and Flavoproteins. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1966Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Yagi, K. (ed.): Flavins and Flavoproteins. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press 1968Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Kamin, H. (ed.): Flavins and Flavoproteins. Baltimore: University Park Press 1971Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Yagi, K. (ed.): Reactivity of Flavins. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press 1975Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Singer, T. P. (ed.): Flavins and Flavoproteins. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1976Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Ostrowski, W. (ed.): Flavins and Flavoproteins. Warsaw and Cracow: Polish Scientific Publishers 1977Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Yagi, K., Yamano, T. (eds.): Flavins and Flavoproteins. Tokyo: Japan Scientific Societies Press 1980Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Massey, V., Williams, C. H. (eds.): Flavins and Flavoproteins. New York: Elsevier 1981, to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Kuhn, R., Weygand, F.: Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 67, 1409 (1934)Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Plant, G. W. E., Smith, C. M.: Ann. Rev. Biochem. 43, 899 (1974)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Mailänder, B., Bacher, A.: J. Biol. Chem. 251, 3623 (1976)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Walsh, C. et al.: Biochemistry 17, 1942 (1978)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Arsenis, C., McCormick, D. B.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 92, 440 (1964)Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Edmondson, D. E., Tollin, G.: Biochemistry 10, 124 (1971)Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Mayhew, S. G. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 44, 570 (1974)Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Ghisla, S., Mayhew, S. G.: Eur. J. Biochem. 63, 373 (1976)Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Kuhn, R., Weygand, F.: Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 68, 1282 (1935)Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Karrer, P., Schöpp, K., Benz, F.: Helv. Chim. Acta 18, 1435 (1935)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Tishler, M. et al.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 69, 1487 (1947)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Müller, F., Hemmerich, P.: Helv. Chim. Acta 49, 2352 (1966)Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Scola-Nagelschneider, G., Hemmerich, P.: Eur. J. Biochem. 66, 567 (1976)Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Moffatt, J. G., Khorana, H. G.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 83, 649 (1961)Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Roseman, S. et al.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 83, 659 (1961)Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Cramer, F., Neunhoeffer, H.: Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 95, 1664 (1962)Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Mayhew, S. G., Strating, M. J. J.: Eur. J. Biochem. 59, 539 (1975)Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Massey, V., Mendelsohn, L. D.: Anal. Biochem. 95, 156 (1979)Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Theorell, H.: Biochem. Z. 272, 155 (1934)Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Warburg, O., Christian, W.: Biochem. Z. 298, 150 (1938)Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Green, D. E., MII, S., Kohout, P. M.: J. Biol. Chem. 217, 551 (1955)Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Chi, T. F. et al.: Scientia Sinica 14, 1193 (1965)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Salach, J. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 26, 267 (1972)Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Singer, T. P., Edmondson, D. E.: FEBS Lett. 42, 1 (1974)Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Edmondson, D. E., Singer, T. P.: FEBS Lett. 64, 255 (1976)Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Hamm, H.-H., Decker, K.: Arch. Microbiol. 119, 65 (1978)Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Bullock, F. I., Jardetzky, O.: J. Org. Chem. 30, 2056 (1965)Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Hemmerich, P., Prijs, B., Erlenmeyer, H.: Helv. Chim. Acta 42, 2164 (1959)Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Smith, S. B., Brüstlein, M., Bruice, T. C.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 96, 3696 (1974)Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Ghisla, S., Hartmann, U., Hemmerich, P.: Angew. Chem. 82, 669 (1970)Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Knappe, W. R.: Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. 1979, 1062Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Ghisla, S. et al.: Biochemistry 19, 2537 (1980)Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Hayashi, S., Nakamura, S., Suzuki, M.: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 96, 924 (1980)Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Frisell, W. R., MacKenzie, C. G.: J. Biol. Chem. 237, 94 (1962)Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Kenney, W. C. et al.: J. Biol. Chem. 254, 4689 (1979)Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Edmondson, D. E., Kenney, W. C.: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 68, 242 (1976)Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Kenney, W. C. et al.: Biochemistry 15, 4931 (1976)Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Kenney, W. C. et al.: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 71, 1194 (1976)Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Kenney, W. C. et al.: FEBS Lett. 97, 40 (1979)Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Möhler, H., Brühmüller, M., Decker, K.: Eur. J. Biochem. 29, 152 (1972)Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Pinto, J. T., Frisell, W. R.: Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 169, 483 (1975)Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Walker, W. H. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 26, 279 (1972)Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Kenney, W. C., Kröger, A.: FEBS Lett. 73, 239 (1977)Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Ohishi, N., Yagi, K.: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 86, 1084 (1979)Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    McIntire, W. et al.: J. Biol. Chem. 255, 6553 (1980)Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Kearney, E. B. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 24, 321 (1971)Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Kenney, W. C., Singer, T. P.: J. Biol. Chem. 252, 4767 (1977)Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Kenney, W. C., McIntire, W., Yamanaka, R.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 483, 467 (1977)Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Steenkamp, D. J., Kenney, W. C., Singer, T. P.: J. Biol. Chem. 253, 2812 (1978)Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Steenkamp, D. J., McIntire, W., Kenney, W. C.: J. Biol. Chem. 253, 2818 (1978)Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Singer, T. P., Edmondson, D. E.: Methods Enzymol. 66, 253 (1980)Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Mayhew, S. G., Massey, V.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 235, 303 (1971)Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Whitfield, C. D., Mayhew, S. G.: J. Biol. Chem. 249, 2810 (1974)Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Ghisla, S., Mayhew, S. G.: Eur. J. Biochem. 63, 373 (1976)Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Whitfield, C. D., Mayhew, S. G.: J. Biol. Chem. 249, 2811 (1974)Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Mayhew, S. G. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 44, 579 (1974)Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Ghisla, S., Mayhew, S. G.: Methods Enzymol. 66, 241 (1980)Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Schöllnhammer, G., Hemmerich, P.: Eur. J. Biochem. 44, 561 (1974)Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Otani, S. et al.: J. Antibiot. 27, 88 (1974)Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Kasai, S., Miura, R., Matsui, K.: Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 48, 2877 (1975)Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Otani, S., Kasai, S., Matsui, K.: Methods Enzymol. 66, 235 (1980)Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Tachibana, S.: J. Vitaminol. 18, 210 (1972)Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Tachibana, S., Murakami, T.: J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol. 21, 61 (1975)Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Cheesman, P., Tomms-Wood, A., Wolfe, R. S.: J. Bacteriol. 112, 527 (1972)Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Ashton, W. et al.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 101, 4419 (1979)Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Visser, C. M.: Naturwissenschaften 67, 549 (1980)Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Dudley, K. H. et al.: Helv. Chim. Acta 47, 1354 (1964)Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Visser, A. J. W. G., Müller, F.: Helv. Chim. Acta 62, 593 (1979)Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Harbury, H. A. et al.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 45, 1708 (1959)Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Eweg, J. K. et al.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 103 (1981), submittedGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Visser, A. J. W. G., Van Hoek, A., Müller, F.: Helv. Chim. Acta 63, 1296 (1980)Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Wahl, Ph. et al.: FEBS Lett. 44, 67 (1974)Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Wassink, J. H., Mayhew, S. G.: Anal. Biochem. 68, 609 (1975)Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Draper, R. D., Ingraham, L. L.: Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 125, 802 (1968)Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Land, E. J., Swallow, A. J.: Biochemistry 8, 2117 (1969)Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Gibson, Q. H., Massey, V., Atherton, N. M.: Biochem. J. 85, 369 (1962)Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Kuhn, R., Ströbele, R.: Chem. Ber. Dtsch. Ges. 70, 753 (1937)Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Müller, F. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 25, 573 (1972)Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Müller, F., Hemmerich, P., Ehrenberg, A.: Eur. J. Biochem. 5, 158 (1968)Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Müller, F. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 14, 185 (1970)Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Ghisla, S. et al.: Liebigs Ann. Chem. 1973, 1388Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Ghisla, S. et al.: Biochemistry 13, 589 (1974)Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Kierkegaard, P. et al., in: Flavins and Flavoproteins, Kamin, H. (ed.), p. 1. Baltimore: University Park Press 1971Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Visser, A. J. W. G. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 101, 13 (1979)Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Schuman, M., Massey, V.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 227, 500 (1971)Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Massey, V., Ganther, H.: Biochemistry 4, 1161 (1965)Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Stankovich, M. T., Schopfer, L. M., Massey, V.: J. Biol. Chem. 253, 4971 (1978)Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    Massey, V., Stankovich, M. T., Hemmerich, P.: Biochemistry 17, 1 (1978)Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    Kuhn, R., Wagner-Jauregg, Th.: Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 66, 1577 (1933)Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Kuhn, R., Reinemund, K., Weygand, F.: Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 67, 1460 (1934)Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Warburg, O., Christian, W.: Biochem. Z. 263, 228 (1933)Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Smith, S. B., Bruice, T. C.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 97, 2875 (1975)Google Scholar
  165. 165.
    Koziol, J., Hemmerich, P.: Liebigs. Ann. Chem. 1976, 1276Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Koziol, J., Tyrakowska, B., Müller, F.: Helv. Chem. Acta 64, 1812 (1981)Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    Müller, F., Walker, W. H., Hemmerich, P.: Helv. Chim. Acta 49, 2365 (1966)Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    Hemmerich, P.: Helv. Chim. Acta 43, 1942 (1960)Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    Hemmerich, P., Prijs, B., Erlenmeyer, H.: Helv. Chim. Acta 42, 2164 (1959)Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    Polyakova, N. A. et al.: Zh. Obsch. Khim. 42, 465 (1972)Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    Moore, E. G., Ghisla, S., Massey, V.: J. Biol. Chem. 254, 8173 (1979)Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    Massey, V., Ghisla, S., Moore, E. G.: J. Biol. Chem. 254, 9640 (1979)Google Scholar
  173. 173.
    Porter, D. J. T., Voet, J. G., Bright, H. J.: Z. Naturforsch. 27b, 1052 (1972)Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Porter, D. J. T., Bright, H. J.: J. Biol. Chem. 252, 4361 (1977)Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Walker, W. H., Hemmerich, P., Massey, V.: Eur. J. Biochem. 13, 258 (1970)Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Knappe, W. R., Hemmerich, P., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. 1976, 2037Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    Haas, W., Hemmerich. P.: Biochem. J. 181, 95 (1979)Google Scholar
  178. 178.
    Turro, N. J.: Modern Molecular Photochemistry. Menlo Park: Benjamin-Cummings Publ. Co. 1978Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Williams, R. F., Bruice, C. T.: J. Amer. Soc. 98, 7752 (1976)Google Scholar
  180. 180.
    Novak, M., Bruice, T. C.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 99, 8079 (1977)Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Abeles, R., Maycock, A.: Acc. Chem. Res. 9, 313 (1976)Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Maycock, A. et al.: Biochemistry 15, 114 (1976)Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Ghisla, S. et al.: Biochemistry 15, 1798 (1976)Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    Ghisla, S., Massey, V.: Biochemistry 18, 4733 (1979)Google Scholar
  185. 185.
    Shinkai, S., Ando, R., Kunitake, T.: Biopolymers 17, 2757 (1978)Google Scholar
  186. 186.
    Shinkai, S., Kamashita, T., Manabe, O.: J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1979, 301Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    Shinkai, S. in: Flavins and Flavoproteins. Yagi, K., Yamano, T. (eds.), p. 45. Tokyo: Japan Scientific Societies Press 1980Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    Hemmerich, P., Müller, F., Ehrenberg, A. in: Oxydases and Related Redox Systems. King, T. E., Mason, H. S., Morrison, M. (eds.), p. 157. New York: John Wiley and Sons 1965Google Scholar
  189. 189.
    Lauterwein, J., Hemmerich, P., Lhoste, J.-M.: Inorg. Chem. 14, 2152 (1975)Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Lauterwein, J., Hemmerich, P., Lhoste, J.-M.: Inorg. Chem. 14, 2161 (1975)Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Massey, V., Ghisla, S.: Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 227, 446 (1974)Google Scholar
  192. 192.
    Blankenhorn, G.: Eur. J. Biochem. 67, 67 (1976)Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    Hemmerich, P. et al., in: Oxydases and Related Redox Systems. King, T. E., Mason, H. S., Morrison, M. (eds.), p. 3. Baltimore: University Park Press 1973Google Scholar
  194. 194.
    Porter, D. J. T., Bright, H. J., Voet, D.: Nature 269, 213 (1977)Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    Voet, D., Rich, A.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 68, 1151 (1971)Google Scholar
  196. 196.
    Inoue, M., Shibata, M., Ishida, T.: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 93, 415 (1980)Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    Bear, C. A., Waters, J. M., Waters, T. N.: J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1970, 702Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Langhoff, C. A., Fritchie, C. J.: J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1970, 20Google Scholar
  199. 199.
    Müller, F., Eriksson, L. E. G., Ehrenberg, A.: Eur. J. Biochem. 22, 93 (1970)Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Müller, F. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 116, 17 (1981)Google Scholar
  201. 201.
    Eriksson, L. E. G., Hyde, J. S., Ehrenberg, A.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 192, 211 (1969)Google Scholar
  202. 202.
    Eriksson, L. E. G., Ehrenberg, A.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 293, 37 (1973)Google Scholar
  203. 203.
    Walker, W. H., Ehrenberg, A., Lhoste, J.-M.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 215, 166 (1970)Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    Favaudon, V., Lhoste, J.-M.: Biochemistry 14, 4731 (1975)Google Scholar
  205. 205.
    Favaudon, V., Lhoste, J.-M.: Biochemistry 14, 4739 (1975)Google Scholar
  206. 206.
    Barman, B. G., Tollin, G.: Biochemistry 11, 4760 (1972)Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    Yeh, L.-S. L., Ingraham, L. L. in: Flavins and Flavoproteins. Singer, T. P. (ed.), p. 765. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1976Google Scholar
  208. 208.
    Dudley, K. H., Hemmerich, P.: Helv. Chim. Acta 50, 355 (1967)Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Brüstlein, M., Knappe, W.-R., Hemmerich, P.: Angew. Chem. 83, 854 (1971)Google Scholar
  210. 210.
    Müller, F. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 19, 392 (1969)Google Scholar
  211. 211.
    Massey, V., Curti, B., Müller, F., Mayhew, S. G.: J. Biol. Chem. 243, 1329 (1968)Google Scholar
  212. 212.
    Müller, F., Szczesna, V.: unpublished resultsGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Mager, H. I. X., Berends, W.: Rec. Trav. Chim. 84, 1329 (1965)Google Scholar
  214. 214.
    Mager, H. I. X., Berends, W.: Rec. Trav. Chim. 91, 630 (1972)Google Scholar
  215. 215.
    Hemmerich, P. in: 19th Mosbacher Colloquium, p. 249. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 1968Google Scholar
  216. 216.
    Hemmerich, P., Müller, F.: Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 212, 13 (1973)Google Scholar
  217. 217.
    Massey, V., Palmer, G., Ballou, D. in: Oxydases and Related Redox Systems. King, T. E., Mason, H. S., Morrison, M. (eds.), p. 25. Baltimore: University Park Press 1973Google Scholar
  218. 218.
    Spector, T., Massey, V.: J. Biol. Chem. 247, 5632 (1972)Google Scholar
  219. 219.
    Entsch, B., Ballou, D., Massey, V.: J. Biol. Chem. 251, 2550 (1976)Google Scholar
  220. 220.
    Hastings, J. W. et al.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70, 3468 (1973)Google Scholar
  221. 221.
    Ghisla, S. et al.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75, 5860 (1978)Google Scholar
  222. 222.
    Van Schagen, C. G., Grande, H. J., Müller, F.: Rec. Trav. Chim. 97, 179 (1978)Google Scholar
  223. 223.
    Müller, F., Grande, H. J., Jarbandhan, T. in: Flavins and Flavoproteins. Singer, T. P. (ed.), p. 38. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1976Google Scholar
  224. 224.
    Müller, F.: unpublished dataGoogle Scholar
  225. 225.
    Mager, H. I. X. in: Flavins and Flavoproteins. Yagi, K., Yamano, T. (eds.), p. 455. Tokyo: Japan Scientific Societies Press 1980Google Scholar
  226. 226.
    Orf, H. W., Dolphin, D.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 71, 2646 (1974)Google Scholar
  227. 227.
    Hamilton, G. A.: Prog. Bioorg. Chem. 1, 83 (1971)Google Scholar
  228. 228.
    Muto, S., Bruice, T. C.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 102, 4472 (1980)Google Scholar
  229. 229.
    Ball, S., Bruice, T. C.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 102, 6498 (1980)Google Scholar
  230. 230.
    Muto, S., Bruice, T. C.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 102, 7559 (1980)Google Scholar
  231. 231.
    Iwata, M. et al.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 102, 5036 (1980)Google Scholar
  232. 232.
    Franken, H.-D., Rüterjans, H. Müller, F.: unpublished resultsGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Goddard, W. A., Harding, L. B. in: Biochemical and Clinical Aspects of Oxygen. Caughey, W. S. (ed.), p. 513. New York: Academic Press 1979Google Scholar
  234. 234.
    Gupta, N., Vennesland, B.: J. Biol. Chem. 239, 3787 (1964)Google Scholar
  235. 235.
    Ostrowski, W., Zak, Z., Krawczyk, A.: Acta Biochem. Biophys. 15, 241 (1968)Google Scholar
  236. 236.
    Massey, V. et al.: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 36, 891 (1969)Google Scholar
  237. 237.
    Singer, T. P., Edmondson, D. E. in: Molecular Oxygen in Biology. Hayaishi, O. (ed.), p. 315. Amsterdam: North Holland 1974Google Scholar
  238. 238.
    Hinkson, J. W., Bulen, W. A.: J. Biol. Chem. 242, 3345 (1967)Google Scholar
  239. 239.
    Steenkamp, D. J., Mallinson, J.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 429, 705 (1976)Google Scholar
  240. 240.
    Singer, T. P. et al., in: Flavins and Flavoproteins. Yagi, K., Yamano, T. (eds.), p. 277. Tokyo: Japan Scientific Societies Press 1980Google Scholar
  241. 241.
    Hall, C. L., Lambeth, J. D. in: Flavin and Flavoproteins. Yagi, K., Yamano, T. (eds.), p. 657. Tokyo: Japan Scientific Societies Press 1980Google Scholar
  242. 242.
    Barber, M. J. et al.: Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 201, 468 (1980)Google Scholar
  243. 243.
    Siegel, L. M., Faeder, E. J., Kamin, H.: Z. Naturforsch. 27b, 1087 (1972)Google Scholar
  244. 244.
    Faeder, E. J., Davis, P. S., Siegel, L. M.: J. Biol. Chem. 249, 1599 (1974)Google Scholar
  245. 245.
    Vermilion, J. L., Coon, M. J.: J. Biol. Chem. 253, 8812 (1978)Google Scholar
  246. 246.
    Lowe, H. J., Clark, W. M.: J. Biol. Chem. 221, 983 (1956)Google Scholar
  247. 247.
    Mayhew, S. G.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 235, 276 (1971)Google Scholar
  248. 248.
    Mayhew, S. G., Massey, V.: J. Biol. Chem. 244, 803 (1969)Google Scholar
  249. 249.
    Edmondson, D. E., Tollin, G.: Biochemistry 10, 124 (1971)Google Scholar
  250. 250.
    Dubourdieu, M., Legall, J., Favaudon, V.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 376, 519 (1975)Google Scholar
  251. 251.
    Vetter, H., Knappe, J.: Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem. 352, 433 (1971)Google Scholar
  252. 252.
    Van Lin, B., Bothe, H.: Arch. Mikrobiol. 82, 155 (1972)Google Scholar
  253. 253.
    Andrews, L. et al.: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 55, 1165 (1973)Google Scholar
  254. 254.
    Vestling, C.: Acta Chem. Scand. 9, 1600 (1955)Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    Brunori, M. et al.: J. Biol. Chem. 246, 3140 (1971)Google Scholar
  256. 256.
    Gomez-Moreno, C., Choy, M., Edmondson, D. E.: J. Biol. Chem. 254, 7630 (1979)Google Scholar
  257. 257.
    Iyanagi, T., Makino, N., Mason, H.: Biochemistry 13, 1701 (1974)Google Scholar
  258. 258.
    Siegel, L. M. et al., in: Flavins and Flavoproteins. Kamin, H. (ed.), p. 523. Baltimore: University Park Press 1971Google Scholar
  259. 259.
    Lambeth, J. D., Kamin, H.: J. Biol. Chem. 252, 2908 (1977)Google Scholar
  260. 260.
    Ruzicka, F. J., Beinert, H.: J. Biol. Chem. 252, 8440 (1977)Google Scholar
  261. 261.
    Iyanagi, T.: Biochemistry 16, 2725 (1977)Google Scholar
  262. 262.
    Coles, C. J., Edmondson, D. E., Singer, T. P. in: Flavins and Flavoproteins. Yagi, K., Yamano, T. (eds.), p. 101. Tokyo: Japan Scientific Societies Press 1980Google Scholar
  263. 263.
    Van Dijk, C.: unpublished resultsGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    Wood, P. M.: FEBS Lett 44, 22 (1974)Google Scholar
  265. 265.
    Georg, P. in: Oxidases and Related Redox Systems. King, T. E., Mason, H. S., Morrison, M. (eds.), p. 15. New York: Wiley 1965Google Scholar
  266. 266.
    Conrad, M.: J. Theor. Biol. 79, 137 (1979)Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    Andersen, R. D. et al.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 69, 3189 (1972)Google Scholar
  268. 268.
    Burnett, R. M. et al.: J. Biol. Chem. 249, 4383 (1974)Google Scholar
  269. 269.
    Mayhew, S. G., Ludwig, M. L. in: The Enzymes. Boyer, P. D. (ed.), Vol. 12, 3rd edit., p. 57, New York: Academic Press 1975Google Scholar
  270. 270.
    Mayhew, S. G., Faust, G. P., Massey, V.: J. Biol. Chem. 244, 803 (1969)Google Scholar
  271. 271.
    Van Schagen, C. G., Müller, F.: Eur. J. Biochem. 1981, in pressGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Hemmerich, P. in: Transport by Proteins. Blauer, G., Sund, H. (eds.), p. 123. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co. 1978Google Scholar
  273. 273.
    Harzer, G., Ghisla, S. in: Chemistry and Biology of Pteridines. Kislink, E., Brown, H. (eds.), p. 37. Amsterdam: Elsevier North Holland 1979Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Palmer, G., Mildvan, A. S. in: Structure and Function of Oxidation-Reduction Enzymes. Åkeson, Å., Ehrenberg, A. (eds.), p. 385. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1972Google Scholar
  275. 275.
    De Wit, J. L. et al.: Helv. Chim. Acta 1981, submittedGoogle Scholar
  276. 276.
    Van Schagen, C. G., Müller, F., Kaptein, R.: Biochemistry 1981, in pressGoogle Scholar
  277. 277.
    Moonen, C. T. W., Müller, F.: Biochemistry 1981, in pressGoogle Scholar
  278. 278.
    Adman, E. T., Biochem. Biophys. Acta 549, 107 (1979)Google Scholar
  279. 279.
    James, T. L., Edmondson, D. E., Husain, M.: Biochemistry 20, 617 (1981)Google Scholar
  280. 280.
    Benecky, M. et al.: Biochemistry 18, 3471 (1979)Google Scholar
  281. 281.
    Datta, P. K., Spiro, T. G.: Biochemistry 19, 1590 (1980)Google Scholar
  282. 282.
    Irwin, R. M. et al.: Biochemistry 19, 4639 (1980)Google Scholar
  283. 283.
    Datta, P. K. et al.: Biochem. Biophys. Acta 623, 77 (1980)Google Scholar
  284. 283.
    Kitagawa, T. et al.: Biochemistry 18, 1804 (1979)Google Scholar
  285. 285.
    Wahl, Ph. et al.: Eur. J. Biochem. 50, 413 (1975)Google Scholar
  286. 286.
    Visser, A. J. W. G., Grande, H. J., Veeger, C.: Biophys. Chem. 12, 35 (1980)Google Scholar
  287. 287.
    Song, P.-S.: Int. J. Quant. Chem. 3, 303 (1969)Google Scholar
  288. 288.
    Teitell, M. F., Fox, J. L.: Int. J. Quant. Chem. 18, 449 (1980)Google Scholar
  289. 289.
    Platenkamp, R. J., Palmer, M. H., Visser, A. J. W. G.: J. Mol. Structure 67, 45 (1980)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franz Müller
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryAgricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations