Advertisement

Interpolymer complexes

  • Esen A. Bekturov
  • Larisa A. Bimendina
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 41)

Abstract

In this review, the problems of complex formation in different systems of interacting macromolecules namely in polymer-polymer, polymer-alternating or statistical copolymer systems are discussed. The influence of solvent nature, the critical phenomena, equilibrium, selectivity and co-operativity in reactions are considered. The perspectives of development of this field of polymer science and the potential practical applications of interpolymer complexes are pointed out.

Keywords

Acrylic Acid Intrinsic Viscosity Methacrylic Acid Polymer Complex Polyelectrolyte Complex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Symbols and Abbreviations

c

concentrations of polymer (g/dl)

H

enthalpy

K

constant of complex stability

Mv

viscosity average molecular weight

Mw

weight average molecular weight

M

Hydrodynamic average molecular weight

\(\bar n\)

degree of polymerization

ncr

critical degree of polymerization

I/P

depolarization of luminescence

Q

heat of reaction (kcal/mol)

S0

constant of sedimentation

S

entropy

T

temperature

α

degree of neutralization

β

average degree of packing of matrix with oligomer β=[oligomer]/[polyacid]

μ

standard chemical potential

[η]

intrinsic viscosity (dl/g)

ηsp/c

reduced viscosity

ϑ

degree of conversion at complex formation or degree of the complex formation

σ

parameter of helix-coil transition cooperativity

τ

relaxation time (ns)

X

degree of completion of exchange reaction

DMF

dimethyl formamide

DMSO

dimethyl sulfoxide

DTMLG
3-o-methacrylic ester of 2,4-di-o-tosylevoglucosan
ionen

polycation carrying the charge in the main chain

ionen 2 X
ionen 5,6
PAA

poly(acrylic acid)

PAA*

luminescence-labelled poly(acrylic acid)

PAAm

poly(acrylamide)

PDMAEM

poly(2-N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)

PEG

poly(ethylene glycol)

PEI

poly(ethylenimine)

PEO

poly(ethylene oxide)

PMAA

poly(methacrylic acid)

PMAA*

luminescence-labelled poly(methacrylic acid)

PMMA

poly(methyl methacrylate)

PMMI

poly(monomethyl itaconate)

POE

(polyoxyethylene)

PVA

poly(vinyl alcohol)

PVA-S

poly(vinyl alcohol) sulfurated

PVA-AAc

aminoacetylated poly(vinyl alcohol)

PVBTACl

poly(vinylbenzyltrimethyl-ammonium chloride)

PVME

poly(vinyl methyl ether)

PVPy

polyvinylpyridine

PVPyEtBr

poly(2-vinylethylpyridinium bromide)

PVP

polyvinylpyrrolidone

PSSNa

poly(sodium styrene sulfonate)

AA/AAm

copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamide

AA/PVP

copolymer of acrylic acid and vinylpyrrolidone

DMAEM/DTMLG

copolymer of 2-N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate and 3-o-methacrylic ester of 2,4-di-o-tosylevoglucosan

MA/St

copolymer of maleic acid and styrene

MA/VBE

copolymer of maleic acid and butyl vinyl ether

MAA/BA

copolymer of methacrylic acid and butyl acrylate

MAA/BMA

copolymer of methacrylic acid and butyl methacrylate

MAA/MMA

copolymer of methacrylic acid and methyl methacrylate

MAA/St

copolymer of methacrylic acid and styrene

MAn/AA

copolymer of maleic anhydride and acrylic acid

MAn/MAA

copolymer of maleic anhydride and methycrylic acid

MAn/MMI

copolymer of maleic anhydride and monomethyl ether of itaconic acid

VP/AAm

copolymer of N-vinylpyrrolidone and acrylamide

VP/MAcrCl

copolymer of N-vinylpyrrolidone and methacrylic chloride

VP/St

copolymer of N-vinylpyrrolidone and styrene

VP/VGEEG

copolymer of N-vinylpyrrolidone and glycidyl vinyl ether of ethylene glycol

SSNa/DTMLG

copolymer of sodium styrene sulfonate and 3-o-methacrylic ester of 2,4-di-o-tosylevoglucosan

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

10 References

  1. 1.
    Papisov, I. M. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 15, 2003 (1973)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zezin, A. B., et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 14, 772 (1972)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tsuchida, E., Osada, J., Abe, K.: Macromol. Chem. 175, 583 (1974)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Michaels, A. S., Mir, L., Schneider, N. S.: J. Phys. Chem. 69, 1447 (1965)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bimendina, L. A., Roganov, V. V., Bekturov, E. A.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Symp. 44, 65 (1974)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sato, H., Nakajima, A.: Polym. J. 7, 241 (1975)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ikawa, T., et al.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed. 13, 1505 (1975)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Borchard, W., Pyrlik, M., Rehage, G.: Makromol. Chem. 145, 169 (1971)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bimendina, L. A., Tleubaeva, G. S., Bekturov, E. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 19, 71 (1977)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kraeva, L. V. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 21, 43 (1979)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Biroš, I., Máša, L., Pouchlý, J.: Europ. Polym. J. Europ. Polym. J. 10, 629 (1974)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lutsenko, V. V., Zezin, A. B., Rudman, A. R.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 13, 396 (1971)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Topchieva, I. N., Ammar-Beshir, Kabanov, V. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 15, 634 (1973)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kusakov, M. M., Mekenitskaya, L. I.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 15, 213 (1973)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liquori, A. M. et al.: J. Polym. Sci., Ser. B 4, 943 (1966)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Speváček, J., Schneider, B.: Makromol. Chem. 175, 2939 (1974)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Samsonov, G. V., Ponomareva, R. B., Luchko, R. G.: Biofizika 14, 634 (1969)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Boyer-Kawenoki, F.: C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Ser. C 263, 278 (1966)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Panov, V. P., Vorontsov, E. D., Evdakov, V. P.: Zh. Prikl. Spektroskop. 23, 111 (1975)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bakeev, N. F., Pshezhetsky, V. C., Kargin, V. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin. 1, 1812 (1959)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bailey, F. E., Lundberg, Jr. R. D., Callard, R. W.: J. Polym. Sci., Ser. A, 2, 845 (1964)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bekturov, E. A., et al: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 21, 86 (1979)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Liu, H. L., Liu, K. J.: Macromolecules 1, 157 (1968)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zezin, A. B., Rogacheva, V. B.: Polyelectrolitnye kompleksy. In: Uspechi Chimii i Fiziki Polimerov, “Chimia”, Moscow, 1973Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bixler, H. J., Michaels, A. S.: Polyelectrolyte complexes. In: Encyclopedia of polymer science and technology. Vol. 10, p. 765. New York; John Wiley and Sons 1969Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Samsonov, G. V.: Pure Appl. Chem. 38, 151 (1974)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bimendina, L. A., Roganov, V. V., Bekturov, E. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 16, 2810 (1974)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sulzberg, I., Cotter, R. J.: J. Polym. Sci., Ser. A 8, 2747 (1970)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zezin, A. B. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 19, 118 (1966); ibid. 21, 1891 (1979)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Fuoss, R. H., Sadek, H.: Science 110, 552 (1949)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rogacheva, V. B., Zezin, A. B.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 11, 327 (1969)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Michaels, A. S., Miekke, R.: J. Phys. Chem. 65, 1765 (1961)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Antipina, A. D. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 14, 941 (1972)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Frenkel, S. Ya.: Makromolekula. In: Entsiklopediya polimerov. Vol. 2, p. 100 Moscow: Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya 1974Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Anufrieva, E. V. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 14, 1430 (1972)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Anufrieva, E. V.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 220, 353 (1975)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Anufrieva, E. V.: Luminestsentsyi method issledovanya polimerov. In: Spektroskopicheskie metody issledovanya polimerov, p. 35. Moscow: Znanie 1975Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Anufrieva, E. V. et al.: Makromol. Chem. 180, 843 (1979)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Litmanovich, A. A. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 22, 236 (1980)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Bimendina, L. A. et al.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 4, 57 (1976)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Tashmuchamedov, C. A., Nurgalieva, F. F., Tillaev, Yu. C.: Uzb. Chim. Zh. 3, 4 (1974)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Bimendina, L. A., Roganov, V. V., Bekturov, E. A.: IUPAC, 12th Prague Macromol. Microsymp., Prague 1973, abstract D 6Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Ohno, H., Abe, K., Tsuchida, E.: Makromol. Chem. 179, 755 (1978)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Frolova, V. A., Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk, Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 5, (1979)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Bimendina, L. A., Frolova, V. A., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk, Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 5, 66 (1977)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Tarnorutskii, M. N. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 18, 222 (1976)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A., Roganov, V. V.: 4th Internat. Conf. on Modified Polymers, Bratislava 1975 preprint P 6Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A., Roganov, V. V.: Chem. Zvesti 3, 301 (1976)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Bimendina, L. A., Roganov, V. V., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 4, 83 (1977)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Bimendina, L. A., Roganov, V. V., Bekturov, E. A.: Materialy XI Mendeleevsk. S'yezda. Vol. 2, p. 161 Alma-Ata: Nauka 1975Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Boyer-Kawenoki, F.: C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Ser. C, 263, 203 (1966)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Tleubaeva, G. S. et al.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 3, 66 (1978)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Bimendina, L. A. et al.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Symp. 66, 9 (1979)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Tleubaeva, G. S., Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 3, 21 (1979)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Kabanov, V. A.: Macromol. Chem. 8, 121 (1972)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Bekturov, E. A., Bimendina, L. A.: Interpolimernye kompleksy. Alma-Ata: Nauka 1977Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Frolova, V. A., Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 2, 65 (1979)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Shahovskaya, L. I., Zonov, G. I., Gai, N. I.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 20, 413 (1978)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Polderman, A.: Biopolymers 14, 2181 (1975)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Nakajima, A., Sato, A.: Biopolymers 11, 1345 (1972)Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Sato, A., Nakajima, A.: Colloid Polym. Sci. 252, 944 (1974)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Valueva, S. P., Zezin, A. B., Savin, V. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 16, (1974)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Savinova, I. V. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 18, 2050 (1976)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Ferguson, J., McLeod, C.: Europ. Polym. J. 10, 1083 (1974)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Ferguson, J., Shah, S. A. O.: Europ. Polym. J. 4, 611 (1968)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Bekturov, E. A. et al.: IUPAC, Internat. Symp. Macromol., Madrid, 1974, abstracts, Vol. 2, p. 701Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Tleubaeva, G. S., Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 2, 42 (1978)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Frolova, V. A. et al.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 4, 43 (1978)Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Bekturov, E. A. et al.: IUPAC, Internat. Symp. Macromol., Dublin, Ireland, 1977, Vol. 2, p. 387Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Bimendina, L. A., Tleubaeva, G. S., Bekturov, E. A.: 5th Internat. Conf. on Modified Polymers, Bratislava, 1979, preprint Vol. 2, p. 94Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Tleubaeva, G. S., Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 3, 21 (1979)Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Bekturov, E. A., Bimendina, L. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 1, 68 (1978)Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Bekturov, E. A., Bimendina, L. A. In: II Vsesojuznaya konferentsya po chimii i fizikochimii oligomerov. Chernogolovka: Nauka 1979Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Bekturov, E. A., Bimendina, L. A., Kurmanbaeva, A. A.: IUPAC, Internat. Symp. Macromol., Tashkent, 1978, abstracts, Vol. 5, p. 173Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Bimendina, L. A., Saltybaeva, S. S., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 6, 22 (1978)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Kurmanbaeva, A. A. et al.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 6, 79 (1978)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Saltybaeva, S. S., Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR, Ser. Chim. 3, (1979)Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Bimendina, L. A. et al.: rov, E. A. In: II Vsesojuznaya konferentsya po chimii i fizikochimii oligomerov, p. 135. Chernogolovka; Navka (1979)Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Antipina, A. D., Papisov, I. M., Kabanov, V. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 12, 329 (1970)Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Papisov, I. M. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A. 16, 1133 (1974)Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Abe, K. et al.: Makromol. Chem. 179, 2043 (1978)Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Vorenkamp, E. J., Bosscher, F., Challa, G.: Polymer 20, 59 (1979)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Buter, R., Tan, G. G., Challa, G.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed. 11, 2975 (1973)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Challa, G., de Boer, A., Tan, G. G.: Internat. J. Polym. Mat. 4, 239 (1976)Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Ajermachev, A. K., Kraeva, L. V., Shahovskaya, L. I.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 20, 403 (1978)Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Liu, K. J.: Pure Appl. Chem. 38, 65 (1974)Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Lohmeyer, I. A. G. M., Kransen, G., Tan, G. G., Challa, G.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett. Ed. 13, 725 (1975)Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Lohmeyer, I. A. G. M. et al.: Polymer 19, 1171 (1978)Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Kuharchik, M. M., Baramboim, N. K.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 9, 1358 (1967)Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Nekrasova, T. N., Ptitsyn, O. B., Shikanova, E. S.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 10, 1530 (1968)Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Osada, Y., Sato, M.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett. Ed. 14, 129 (1976)Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Charenko, A. V. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 18, 1604 (1976)Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Sato, M. et al.: Nippon Kagaku Kaishi 5, 977 (1974)Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Tsuchida, E., Osada, Y.: Makromol. Chem. 175, 593 (1974)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Papisov, I. M. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 14, 2462 (1972)Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Shavit, W., Chohen, I.: IUPAC, Internat. Symp. Macromol., Madrid, 1974, preprint, Vol. 1, p. 4Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Osada, Y. et al.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 191, 399 (1970)Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Antipina, A. D., Papisov, I. M., Kabanov, V. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 12, 329 (1970)Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Nedyalkova, Ts. I. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 17, 174 (1975)Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Blake, R. D.: Biopolymers, 11, 913 (1972)Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Hill, T. L.: Introduction to statistical thermodynamics. New York: Addison-Wesley 1960Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Chodakov, Yu. S. et al.: Teoret. Eksper. Chimiya 5, 631 (1969)Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Lutsenko, V. V., Zezin, A. V., Kalyuzhnaya, R. I.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 16, 2411 (1974)Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Zimm, B. H.: J. Chem. Phys. 33, 1349 (1960)Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Lutsenko, V. V., Zezin, A. B., Lopatkin, A. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 16, 2429 (1974)Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Zezin, A. B. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 16, 600 (1974)Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Tsuchida, E., Osada, Y., Sanada, K.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed. 10, 3397 (1972)Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Gulyaeva, J. G. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 18, 2800 (1976)Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Kasaikin, V. A. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 21, 84 (1979)Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Izumrudov, V. A. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 20, 400 (1978)Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Tsuchida, E., Osada, Y., Abe, K.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed. 14, 767 (1976)Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Tsuchida, E.: Makromol. Chem. 175, 603 (1974)Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Tsuchida, E., Abe, K., Honma, M.: Macromolecules 9, 112 (1976)Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Okubo, T., Ise, N.: J. Phys. Chem. 74, 4284 (1970)Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Papisov, I. M. et al.: In: Mezhmolekylyarnye vzaimodeistviya i konformatsii molecul, p. 31, Volgograd; Nauka 1974Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Papisov, I. M. et al.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 214, 861 (1974)Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Krakovyak, M. G. et al.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, Ser. Fiz. 39, 2354 (1975)Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Abe, K., Koide, M., Tsuchida, E.: Macromolecules 10, 1259 (1977)Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Aleksina, O. A., Papisov, I. M., Zezin, A. B.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 13, 1199 (1971)Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Taran, Yu. A., Stroganov, L. B.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, 218, 1393 (1974)Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Taran, Yu. A., Gilev, K. K., Stroganov, L. B.: Mol. Biol. 11, 361 (1977)Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Ptitsyn, O. B., Birshtein, T. N.: Konformatsii makromolekul. Moscow: Nauka 1964Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Anufrieva, E. V. et al.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 232, 1096 (1977)Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Baeras, G. I. et al.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 241, 95 (1978)Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Papisov, I. M. et al.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 199, 1364 (1971)Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Baranovskii, V. Yu., Papisov, I. M.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 217, 123 (1974)Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Papisov, I. M., Baranovskii, V. Yu., Kabanov, V. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A 17, 2104 (1975)Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Anufrieva, E. V. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 19, 409 (1977)Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Birshtein, T. M., Elyashevich, A. M., Morgenshtern, L. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B 14, 487 (1972)Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Birshtein, T. M., Elyashevich, A. M., Morgenshtern, L. A.: Biophys. Chem. 1, 242 (1974)Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Papisov, I. M. et al.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 208, 397 (1973)Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Michaels, A. S.: Ind. Eng. Chem. 57, 32 (1965)Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Lysaght, M. I.: Technology of polyelectrolyte complexes. In: Ionic polymers, Holliday, L., (ed.). New York: Halsted Press 1975Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Vogel, M. K. et al.: J. Macromol. Chem. Sci. A4, 675 (1970)Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Michaels, A. S., Falkenstein, G. L., Schneider, N. S.: J. Phys. Chem. 69, 1456 (1965)Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Osada, Y., Saito, Y.: Makromol. Chem. 176, 2761 (1975)Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Kuhn, W. et al.: Fortschr. Hochpolym. Forsch. 1, 540 (1960)Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Zezin, A. B., Eltsefon, B. S. In: Itogi nauki, Chimiya i technologiya vysokomol. Soedin. Vol. 10, p. 96. Moscow: Viniti 1976Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Sato, H., Maeda, M., Nakajima, A.: J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 23, 1759 (1979)Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Kalyuzhnaya, R. I. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin. A 17, 2786 (1975)Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Kalyuzhnaya, R. I. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin. A 18, 71 (1976)Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Refojio, M. F.: J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 11, 1991 (1967)Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Yen, T., Davar, M., Rembaum, A.: J. Macromol. Sci.-Chem. A 4, 693 (1970)Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Lakin, K. M., Efimov, V. S.: Kardiologiya 10, 138 (1970)Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Ulyanov, A. M., Lapina, L. A.: Uspekhi sovrem. biol. 83, 69 (1977)Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Leikin, A. Yu., Novikova, A. P., Neronov, A. Yu. In: Itogi nauki, Chimiya i technologiya vysokomol. so edin. Vol. 8, p. 21. Moscow: Viniti 1976Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Rembaum, A.: J. Macromol. Sci.-Chem. A 3, 87 (1969)Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Samsonov, G. V.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A, 21, 723 (1979)Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Glikina, M. V. et al.: Mol. Biol., 4, 692 (1970)Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Frenkel, S. Ya.: Fizika segodnya i zavtra. Leningrad: Nauka 1973Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Morawetz, H.: Makromolekuly v rastvore. Moscow: Mir 1967Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Platé, N. A., Litmanovich, A. D., Noa, O. A.: Makromolekulyarnya reaktsii. Moscow: Chimia 1977Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Katchalsky, A.: Pure Appl. Chem. 26, 327 (1971)Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Bimendina, L. A., Bekturov, E. A.: Sintez i issledovanie polimerov, p. 44. Alma-Ata: Nauka 1976Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Bekturov, E. A.: Troinye polimernye sistemy v rastvorah. Alma-Ata: Nauka (1975)Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Bekturov, E. A., Bimendina, L. A.: Vestn. Akad. Nauk. Kaz. SSR 12, 34 (1977)Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Tsuchida, E.: Chemistry of high polymers. Tokyo 1975 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Kabanov, V. A., Papisov, I. M.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A, 21, 243 (1979)Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Kabanov, V. A. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A, 21, 209 (1979)Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    Smith, K. L., Winslow, A. E., Petersen, D. E.: Ind. Eng. Chem. 51, 1361 (1959)Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    Papisov, I. M., Litmanovich, A. A.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A., 19, 716 (1977)Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Tsuchida, E., Osada, Y., Abe, K.: Makromol. Chem. 175, 583 (1974)Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Salamone, G. C. et al.: Polymer 20, 611 (1979)Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Subramian R., Macromol. Chem., Rapid Comm. 1, 47 (1980)Google Scholar
  165. 165.
    Kern, W., Kämmerer, H.: Pure Appl. Chem. 15, 421 (1967)Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Kabanov, V. A.: Entsiklopediya polimerov. Vol. 2, p. 150 Moscow: Sovetskaya Entsiklopedia 1974Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    Kabanov, V. A., Topchiev, D. A.: Polimerizatsiya ioniziruyushikhsya monomerov. Moscow: Nauka 1975Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    Blumstein, A.: Polymerization in preoriented media. In: Advances in macromol. chem. Pasika, W. M. (ed), vol. 2, p. 123. London, New York: Academic Press 1970Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    Bamford, C. H.: Polymers as catalysts for polymerization reactions: NATO Adv. Study Inst., Ser. C, 4, 54 (1973)Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    Americ. Yu. B., Krentsel, B. A.: Uspekhi chimii i fiziki polimerov, p. 97. moscow: Chimia 1973Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    Narkevich, L. D. et al.: Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. A, 18, 1578 (1976)Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    Blumstein, A., Kakivaya, S. R., Salamone, J. C.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed. 12, 651 (1974)Google Scholar
  173. 173.
    Kabanov, V. A., Kargina, O. V., Ulyanova, M. V.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed. 14, 2351 (1976)Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Watanabe, W. H. et al.: J. Phys. Chem. 65, 896 (1961)Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Kitaigorodskii, A. I.: Struktura polimerov. Moscow: Znania 1958Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Anosov, V. Ya., Ozerova, M. I., Fialkov, Yu. A.: Osnovy fiziko-chimicheskogo analiza. Moscow: Nauka 1976Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    Abe, K., Ohno, H., Tsuchida, E.: Makromol. Chem. 178, 2285 (1977)Google Scholar
  178. 178.
    Frenkel, S. Ya., Elyashevich, G. K., Panov, Yu. N.: Uspekhi chimii i fiziki polimerov. Moscow: Chimia 1970Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esen A. Bekturov
    • 1
  • Larisa A. Bimendina
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Chemical SciencesAcademy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSRAlma-AtaUSSR

Personalised recommendations