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Oxygen transfer into highly viscous media

  • K. Schügerl
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering book series (ABE, volume 19)

Abstract

Highly viscous media often occur in biotechnology, fermentation and food processing industries as well as in chemical and pharmaceutical industries. The present paper considers the behavior of aerated highly viscous media employing stirred tank reactors, sparged single and multistage tower reactors.

Measuring methods to determine rheological properties, hydrodynamical behavior, power input, and mass transfer as well as behavior of single bubbles and bubble swarm are reviewed.

Hydrodynamical properties, power inputs, oxygen transfer rates, volumetric mass transfer coefficients and heat transfer coefficients are considered as a function of the mean operating parameters employing stirred tank reactors with different impellers. Also sparged single and multistage tower reactors are treated, especially hydrodynamical properties, oxygen transfer rates and volumetric mass transfer coefficients. Relationships are given to lay out stirred tank and tower reactors with highly viscous media.

Keywords

Oxygen Transfer Bubble Column Perforated Plate Oxygen Transfer Rate Glycerol Solution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Indices

c

coil

e

equilibrium

eq

equivalent

g

gas

j

jacket

l

liquid

p

primary

r

representative

S

sauter

Polymers employed by different research groups

CMC

carboxymethylcellulose (e.g. Tylose C 300, Hoechst Co., RK 5000 Wolf/Walsrode)

CMC Na

sodium carboxymethylcellulose (e.g. medium viscosity tyj 4 MH Hercules Powder Co.)

Carbopol

Carboxypolymethylene (e.g. 934, Goodrich Co.)

Carbowax

polyethylene glycol

Cyanamer

Polyacrylamide (e.g. P-250 American Cyanamide Co.)

ET-947

polyacrylamide

J-100

polyacrylamide

WSR-301

polyethylene oxide

Lanogen

polyethylene glycol

Macrogol

polyethylene glycol

PAA

polyacrylamide (e.g. Separan AP 30 Dow Chem. Co.)

PEG

polyethylene glycol

PEO

polyethylene oxide

Polyox

polyethylene oxide (e.g. WSR-301 blend A-3254)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Schügerl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Technische ChemieUniversität HannoverHannover 1Federal Republik of Germany

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