High-frequency signal propagation and scattering in guiding channels
The earth's environment contains propagation channels wherein waves can be guided because of the presence of transverse boundaries or transverse refractive index gradients. By a new approach, high-frequency guiding by a single concave surface or by the boundary of an inhomogeneous surface duct has recently been analyzed in terms of a judiciously chosen combination of rays and modes. In essence, the modes account for the cumulative effect of those rays that have experienced a great many reflections on the boundary. This hybrid formulation is appealing in that it requires far fewer rays and far fewer modes than if the field representation involves rays only or modes only, as has been customary. By an extension of the theory, it has now been shown that the hybrid method can also be applied to channels wherein guiding occurs between multiple transverse boundaries. Here, modes near cutoff can represent efficiently all those rays that have made many excursions between the channel walls. As an illustration, results are presented for a parallel plane waveguide excited by a line source.
KeywordsLine Source Waveguide Mode Hybrid Formulation Whisper Gallery Mode Evanescent Mode
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