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Chemistry pp 123-152 | Cite as

Molecular interactions and macroscopic properties of polyacrylonitrile and model substances

  • Gisela Henrici-Olivé
  • Salvador Olivé
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 32)

Abstract

The relationships between intra- and intermolecular forces in polyacrylonitrile on the one hand, and the macroscopic behavior of the polymer and fibers thereof on the other, are reviewed. Characteristic properties such as the very high polymerization rate constant in water, the dissolution of the polymer in concentrated inorganic salt solutions, the high melting point, the strong depression of melting point and glass transition temperature by water, the plasticization by polar additives, etc., are traced back to their molecular origins, in particular to the strong intra- and intermolecular noncovalent bonding caused by the highly polar nitrile group. The effects of dipole-dipole interaction, hydrogen bonding and electron-donor-acceptor complex formation are discussed separately.

Keywords

Lone Pair Nitrile Group Hypsochromic Shift Water Dimer Acrylic Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gisela Henrici-Olivé
    • 1
  • Salvador Olivé
    • 1
  1. 1.Monsanto Triangle Park Development Center Inc.Research Triangle ParkUSA

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