Design of information systems for Arabic
The design of information systems for the handling of Arabic text is considered. The final objective is assumed to be the storage of information in Arabic, with the requirement later to retrieve the information using Arabic.
Initially, those aspects of Arabic which are of concern in the design of computer based information systems are surveyed. Arabic script is examined for its division into words and its letters and their various forms. Particular attention is paid to the use of spaces and decorative bars. Names of particular importance in many information systems, and Arabic names are examined in depth.
Then systems design in all its aspects is considered. Peripheral design and the design of internal codes are first considered, weighing the alternative choices against the impact these would have on the retrieval algorithms. Then the various algorithms for searching using indexes, comparing text for identity, and comparing for sorting are examined. Also algorithms of secondary concern, searches for appropriate matches, are discussed.
Finally, it is argued that codes and character forms should be standardised. Recommendations can be made concerning the handling of Arabic text and Arabic names, but it is not proposed that these should be the basis for standardisation.
KeywordsSaudi Arabia Arab World European Language Word Fragment Space Character
- 1.ALBERGA, C.N. "String similarity and Misspellings". CACM, vol. 10, no. 5, pp 302–313. May, 1967.Google Scholar
- 2.AMAJID,Abdullah "The Arab Efforts to Simplify Arabic Writing". Addarah Journal, volume IV (3) 1978. King Abdul Aziz Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (in Arabic).Google Scholar
- 3.BEESTON A.F.L. "Written Arabic" Cambridge University Press 1968.Google Scholar
- 4.BOYER R.F. and MOORE J.S. "A Fast String Searching Algorithm" Comm. ACM October 1977 Volume 20 Number 10. pp 762–772.Google Scholar
- 5.DEHLAWI F. "Computer-assisted Instruction in Arabic" 4th Saudi Arabian Computer Conference, University of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. March 1978.Google Scholar
- 6.EHLERS G. "Production of High Quality Arabic Texts on a CRT Filmsetting Machine" 4th Saudi Arabian Computer Conference, University of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. March, 1978.Google Scholar
- 7.GRIES D. "Compiler Construction for Digital Computers". Wiley 1971.Google Scholar
- 8.KNUTH D. "The Art of Computer Programming. Vol. 3. Searching and Sorting". Addison-Wesley 1973.Google Scholar
- 9.LEFKOVITZ D. "File Structures for On-Line Systems". Sparton MacMillan 1969.Google Scholar
- 10.LIESER H.J. "The Use of Computers to Improve Readability of Print". 4th Saudi Arabian Computer Conference, University of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. March, 1978.Google Scholar
- 11.MITCHELL T.F. "Writing Arabic" Oxford University Press 1953.Google Scholar
- 12.MITCHELL T.F. and BARBER D. "Introduction to Arabic" BBC 1972.Google Scholar
- 13.SALTON G. "Automatic Information Organisation and Retrieval" McGraw-Hill, 1968.Google Scholar
- 14.SEFLAN Ali Mohammed "The Need for a Standard Arabic Character Set", Second Saudi Arabian Computer Conference, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. November 1975.Google Scholar
- 15.TAWAKOL Samy M.Y. "Arabic Character Graphic Representation" Second Saudi Arabian Computer Conference, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, November 1975.Google Scholar
- 16.THESSIGER W. "Arabian Sands".Google Scholar
- 17.TRITTON A.S. "Arabic" Teach Yourself Books 1943 Introduction pvii.Google Scholar
- 18.WAGNER R.A. and FISCHER M.J. "The String-to-String Correction Problem" J. ACM, Vol 21, no. 1, pp 168–173. January 1974.Google Scholar