Two coordinate systems description of viscous flow past a circular cylinder
Two dimensional steady viscous exterior flow is often treated as an elliptic problem within a finite region, bounded by a big circle. Solutions by means of Fourier expansions or discretisation on a polar grid will only give reliable results for low Reynolds numbers. In the present paper an example of a transformation is given, that maps the entire vorticity field onto a rectangle so that: (a) the vorticity equation can develop its parabolic character, (b) the wake in the far field comes out properly, and (c) the restriction to low Reynolds numbers is removed. For the elliptic stream-function equation the polar system is retained.
This two coordinate systems description has been studied for a linearized version of the Navier-Stokes equations obtained by assuming a fixed velocity field v(o) in the convection term. The first results ζ and ψ are qualitatively so similar to the final solutions known from literature, that an iteration process, suggested-by deriving a new velocity field v(1) from ϕ, can be expected to show rapid convergence.
KeywordsConvection Term Polar System Vorticity Equation Vorticity Distribution Polar Grid
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