Dust in the outer solar system - review of early results from Pioneers 10 and 11

  • R. K. Soberman1
  • J. M. Alvarez
  • J. L. Weinberg
2 In Situ Measurements of Interplanetary Dust 2.1 Measurements from Satellites and Space Probes
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 48)


The Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft, launched in 1972 and 1973, carried three experiments to measure cosmic dust. A comparison of these first direct measurements of dust in the outer solar system indicates that the sizes, optical properties, and spatial distribution are more complex than previously supposed.


Heliocentric Distance Asteroid Belt Cosmic Dust Interplanetary Dust Micron Particle 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Soberman1
    • 1
  • J. M. Alvarez
    • 2
  • J. L. Weinberg
    • 3
  1. 1.General Electric Space Sciences LaboratoryPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Langley Research Center, National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationHamptonUSA
  3. 3.Space Astronomy LaboratoryState University of New York at AlbanyAlbanyUSA

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