Application of optimization approach to the problem of land use plan design
This paper deals with an application of optimization technique to the problem of land use plan design: a spatial design of primary land uses in a given area and the associated linkage requirements for transportation and utilities. Using a random search procedure the discrete land use elements, called modules, are assigned to discrete land areas, known as cells. An optimal plan is obtained which satisfies the given design constraints as well as minimizes the private and public costs which include site development and linkage costs. This normative approach can be used to arrive at an ideal land use plan design which then can be considered as a standard to evaluate other alternatives. The validity of the proposed technique has been established through a small-scale controlled experiment. The large-scale application of the technique is illustrated by using the example of the Village of Germantown, Wisconsin. Apart from providing an optimal feasible plan the model also makes a sensitivity analysis for given design constraints. Furthermore, a plotting subroutine allows the model output to be given in the form of a map generated on-line. It is believed that such a model can be an extremely useful tool in the land use planning process.
KeywordsModule Type Experimental Plan Design Constraint Optimal Plan Distance Constraint
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