Advertisement

Dynamics of phosphoglycerides

  • H. van den Bosch
  • L. M. G. van Golde
  • L. L. M. van Deenen
Conference paper
Part of the Ergebnisse der Physiologie, biologischen Chemie und experimentellen Pharmakologie book series (ERGEBPHYSIOL, volume 66)

Keywords

Phosphatidic Acid Acyl Donor Glyceryl Ether Positional Specificity Phosphatidate Phosphohydrolase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abdelkader, A. B., Mazliak, P.: Echanges de lipides entre mitochondries, microsomes et surnageant cytoplasmique de cellules de pomme de terre ou de chou-fleur. Europ. J. Biochem. 15, 250–262 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Abou-Issa, H. M., Cleland, W. W.: Studies on the microsomal acylation of L-glycerol-3-phosphate. II. The specificity and properties of the rat liver enzyme. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 692–698 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Agranoff, B. W.: Hydrolysis of long chain alkyl phosphates and phosphatidic acid by an enzyme purified from pig brain. J. Lipid Res. 3, 190–196 (1962).Google Scholar
  4. Agranoff, B. W., Bradley, R. M., Brady, R. D.: The enzymatic synthesis of inositol phosphatide. J. biol. Chem. 233, 1077–1083 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Agranoff, B. W., Hajra, A. K.: The acyl dihydroxyacetone phosphate pathway for glycerolipid biosynthesis in mouse liver and Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. (Wash.) 68, 411–415 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ailhaud, G. P., Vagelos, P. R.: Palmityl-acyl carrier protein as acyl donor for complex lipid biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 241, 3866–3868 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Åkesson, B.: The acylation of diacylglycerols in pig liver. Europ. J. Biochem. 9, 406–414 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Åkesson, B.: Initial esterification and conversion of intraportally injected [1-14C]-linoleic acid in rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 57–70 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Åkesson, B., Elovson, J., Arvidson, G.: Initial incorporation into rat liver glycerolipids of intraportally injected [9,10-3H2]-palmitic acid. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 44–56 (1970a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Åkesson, B., Elovson, J., Arvidson, G.: Initial incorporation into rat liver glycerolipids of intraportally injected [3H] glycerol. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 210, 15–27 (1970b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Akino, T., Kanoh, H., Shimojo, T.: On the molecular species of rat liver phosphatidylinositol. Tohoku J. exp. Med. 101, 289–297 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Akino, T., Shimojo, T.: On the metabolic heterogeneity of rat liver phosphatidylinositol. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 210, 343–346 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Akiyama, M., Minari, O., Sakagami, T.: Cholesterol esterification in rat liver cell sap. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 137, 525–532 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Akiyama, M., Sakagami, T.: Exchange of mitochondrial lecithin and cephalin with those in rat liver microsomes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 187, 105–112 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Ames, G. F.: Lipids of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli: Structure and metabolism. J. Bact. 95, 833–843 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Ansell, G. B., Chojnacki, T.: The incorporation of the phosphate esters of N-substituted aminoethanols into the phospholipids of brain and liver. Biochem. J. 98, 303–310 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Ansell, G. B., Spanner, S.: The magnesium-ion-dependent cleavage of the vinyl ether linkage of brain ethanolamine plasmalogen. Biochem. J. 94, 252–258 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Ansell, G. B., Spanner, S.: The catabolism of ethanolamine phospholipids in brain tissue. Biochem. J. 117, 11–13P (1970).Google Scholar
  19. Arienti, G., Pirotta, M., Giorgini, D., Porcellati, G.: Base exchange reactions of phospholipid metabolism in chick brain microsomal membranes. Biochem. J. 118, 3P–4P (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Arnesjö, B., Grubb, A.: The activation, purification and properties of rat pancreatic juice phospholipase A2. Acta chem. scand. 25, 577–589 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Artom, C.: Methylation of phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine in liver preparations. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 15, 201–206 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Artom, C., Lofland, H. B.: Lecithin formation by methylation of intact phosphatidyl dimethylethanolamine. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 3, 244–247 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Arvidson, G. A. E.: Biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholines in rat liver. Europ. J. Biochem. 5, 415–421 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Arvidson, G. A. E.: Structural and metabolic heterogeneity of rat liver glycerophosphatides. Europ. J. Biochem. 4, 478–486 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Atherton, R. S., Hawthorne, J. N.: The phosphoinositide inositolphosphohydrolase of guinea-pig intestinal mucosa. Europ. J. Biochem. 4, 68–75 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Atherton, R. S., Kemp, P., Hawthorne, J. N.: Phosphoinositide inositolphosphohydrolase in guinea-pig intestinal mucosa. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 125, 409–412 (1966).Google Scholar
  27. Augustyn, J. M., Elliott, W. B.: Isolation of a phospholipase A from Agkistrodon piscivorus venom. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 206, 98–108 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Bahl, J. T., Guillot-Solomon, T., Douce, R.: Synthèse enzymatique du cytidine diphosphate diglycéride dans vegetaux superieux. Physiol. Veg. 8, 55–74 (1970).Google Scholar
  29. Balint, J. A., Beeler, D. A., Treble, D. H., Spitzer, H. L.: Studies in the biosynthesis of hepatic and biliary lecithins. J. Lipid Res. 8, 486–493 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Ballou, C. E., Lee, Y. C.: The structure of a myoinositol mannoside from Mycobacterium tuberculosis glycolipid. Biochemistry 3, 682–685 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Bangham, A. D., Dawson, R. M. C.: Electrokinetic requirements for the reaction between Clostridium perfringens α-Toxin (phospholipase C) and phospholipid substrates. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 59, 103–115 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Bartels, C. T.: Metabolism of plant lipids in relation to trans-3-hexadecenoic acid. Thesis University of Utrecht 1969.Google Scholar
  33. Bartels, C. T., Deenen, L. L. M. van: The conversion of lysophosphoglycerides by homogenates of spinach leaves. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 125, 395–397 (1966).Google Scholar
  34. Beare, J. L., Kates, M.: Properties of the phospholipase B from Penicillium notatum. Canad. J. Biochem. 45, 101–113 (1967).Google Scholar
  35. Beattie, D. S.: The relationship of protein and lipid synthesis during the biogenesis of mitochondrial membranes. J. Membrane Biol. 1, 383–401 (1969).Google Scholar
  36. Belleville, J., Clément, J.: Mise en evidence d’une phosphatidase A dans le suc pancréatique d’homme et de rat. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 48, 186–189 (1966).Google Scholar
  37. Belleville, J., Clément, J.: Comparaison de l’activité phospholipasique A de préparations de pancréas et de suc pancréatique sur les phospholipides liés aux lipoprotéines du jaune d’œuf et sur les phospholipides extraits du jaune d’œuf. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 266, 959–962 (1968).Google Scholar
  38. Benjamin, J. A., Agranoff, B. W.: Distribution and properties of CDP-diglyceride: inositol transferase from brain. J. Neurochem. 16, 513–527 (1969).Google Scholar
  39. Benns, G., Proulx, P.: Formation of a new phosphatidylglycerol derivative in Escherichia coli. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 44, 382–389 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Bjørnstad, P.: Phospholipase activity in rat liver mitochondria studied by the use of endogenous substrates. J. Lipid Res. 7, 612–620 (1966a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Bjørnstad, P.: Phospholipase activity in rat liver microsomes studied by the use of endogenous substrates. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 116, 500–510 (1966b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Bjørnstad, P., Bremer, J.: In vivo studies on pathways for the biosynthesis of lecithin in the rat. J. Lipid Res. 7, 38–45 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Blok, M. C., Wirtz, K. W. A, Scherphof, G. L.: Exchange of phospholipids between microsomes and inner and outer mitochondrial membranes of rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 233, 61–75 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Bonsen, P. P. M., Haas, G. H. de, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Synthesis and enzymic hydrolysis of an O-alanyl ester of phosphatidylglycerol. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 93–105 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Bonsen, P. P. M., Haas, G. H. de, Deenen, L. L. M. van: On the structure of amino acid esters of phosphatidylglycerol. Chem. Phys. Lip. 1, 83–84 (1966).Google Scholar
  46. Bonsen, P. P. M., Haas, G. H. de, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Synthetic and structural investigations on 3-phosphatidyl-1′-(3′-O-L-lysyl)glycerol. Biochemistry 6, 1114–1120 (1969).Google Scholar
  47. Borkenhagen, L. F., Kennedy, E. P., Fielding, L.: Enzymatic formation and decarboxylation of phosphatidylserine. J. biol. Chem. 236, PC 28 (1961).Google Scholar
  48. Bowers, W. E., Duve, C. de: Lysosomes in lymphoid tissue. II. Intracellular distribution of acid hydrolases. J. Cell Biol. 32, 339–348 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Braganca, B. M., Sambray, Y. M.: Multiple forms of cobra venom phospholipase A. Nature (Lond.) 216, 1210–1211 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Brandes, R., Alley, J., Shapiro, B.: Assay of glycerol phosphate acyltransferase in liver particles. Biochem. J. 86, 244–247 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Brandes, R., Shapiro, B.: Inhibition of phosphatidic acid phosphatase by palmitoyl CoA. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 137, 202–204 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Brandt, A. E., Lands, W. E. M.: The effect of acyl-group composition on the rate of acyltransferase-catalyzed synthesis of lecithin. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 114, 605–612 (1967).Google Scholar
  53. Brdiczka, D., Pette, D., Brunner, G., Miller, F.: Kompartimentierte Verteilung von Enzymen in Rattenleber-Mitochondrien. Europ. J. Biochem. 5, 294–304 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Bremer, J., Greenberg, D. M.: Mono-and dimethylethanolamine isolated from rat liver phospholipids. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 35, 287–288 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Bremer, J., Greenberg, D. M.: Biosynthesis of choline in vitro. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 37, 173–175 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Bremer, J., Greenberg, D. M.: Methyl transferring enzyme system of microsomes in the biosynthesis of lecithin (phosphatidylcholine). Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 46, 205–216 (1961).Google Scholar
  57. Brennan, P., Ballou, C. E.: Biosynthesis of mannophosphoinositides by Mycobacterium phlei. The family of dimannophosphoinositides. J. biol. Chem. 242, 3046–3056 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Brennan, P., Ballou, C. E.: Biosynthesis of mannophosphoinositides by Mycobacterium phlei. Enzymatic acylation of the dimanno-phosphoinositides. J. biol. Chem. 243, 2975–2984 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Brockerhoff, H., Ballou, C. E.: The structure of the phosphoinositide complex of beef brain. J. biol. Chem. 236, 1907–1911 (1961).Google Scholar
  60. Brunner, G., Bygrave, F. L.: Microsomal marker enzymes and their limitations in distinguishing the outer membrane of rat liver mitochondria from the microsomes. Europ. J. Biochem. 8, 530–534 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Bublitz, C., Kennedy, E. P.: Synthesis of phosphatides in isolated mitochondria. III. The enzymatic phosphorylation of glycerol. J. biol. Chem. 211, 951–961 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Bygrave, F. L.: Studies on the biosynthesis and turnover of the phospholipid components of the inner and outer membranes of rat liver mitochondria. J. biol. Chem. 244, 4768–4772 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Carter, J. R.: Cytidine triphosphate: phosphatidic acid cytidyltransferase in Escherichia coli. J. Lipid Res. 9, 748–754 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Carter, J. R., Kennedy, E. P.: Enzymatic synthesis of cytidine diphosphate diglyceride. J. Lipid Res. 7, 678–683 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Catala, A., Brenner, R. R.: Relative incorporation of linoleic and arachidonic acid in phospholipids and triglycerides of different rat tissues. Lipids 2, 114–121 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Chang, Y., Kennedy, E. P.: Pathways for the synthesis of glycerophosphatides in Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 242, 516–519 (1967a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Chang, Y., Kennedy, E. P.: Biosynthesis of phosphatidylglycerophosphate in Escherichia coli. J. Lipid Res. 8, 447–455 (1967b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Chang, Y., Kennedy, E. P.: Phosphatidyl glycero phosphate phosphatase. J. Lipid Res. 8, 456–462 (1967c).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Cheniae, G. M.: Phosphatidic acid and glyceride synthesis by particles from spinach leaves. Plant Physiol. 40, 235–243 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Chojnacki, T., Ansell, G. B.: The formation of phospholipids containing unnatural bases by the cytidine pathway. J. Neurochem. 14, 413–420 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Clements, J. A., Nellenbogen, J., Trahan, H. J.: Pulmonary surfactant and evolution of the lungs. Science 169, 603–604 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Clermont, H., Douce, R.: Localisation de l’activité phospholipasique dans les tissus vegetaux. I. Sur l’absence d’activité phospholipasique D dans les mitochondries et les plastes isolés. FEBS-Letters 9, 284–286 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Cohen, P., Broekman, M. J., Verkley, A., Lisman, J. W. W., Derksen, A.: Quantification of human platelet inositides and the influence of ionic environment on their incorporation of orthophosphate-32P. J. clin. Invest. 50, 762–772 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Coleman, R., Hübscher, G.: Metabolism of phospholipids. V. Studies of phosphatidic acid phosphatase. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 46, 479–490 (1962).Google Scholar
  75. Collins, F. D.: Studies on phospholipids. 9. The composition of rat liver lecithins. Biochem. J. 88, 319–324 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Colodzin, M., Kennedy, E. P.: Biosynthesis of diphosphoinositide in brain. J. biol. Chem. 240, 3771–3780 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Condrea, E., Vries, A. de, Mager, J.: Hemolysis and splitting of human erythrocyte phospholipids by snake venoms. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 84, 60–73 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Cooksey, K. E., Greenberg, D. M.: Studies on the substrate specificity of the phosphatide methylating system of microsomes. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 6, 256–260 (1961).Google Scholar
  79. Cooper, M. F., Webster, G. R.: The differentiation of phospholipase A1 and A2 in rat and human nervous tissues. J. Neurochem. 17, 1543–1554 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Courtade, S., Marinetti, G. V., Stotz, E.: The structure and abundance of rat tissue cardiolipins. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 137, 121–134 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Cronan, J. E.: Phospholipid alterations during growth of Escherichia coli. J. Bact. 95 2054–2061 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Cronan, J. E., Ray, T. K., Vagelos, P. R.: Selection and characterization of an E. coli mutant defective in membrane lipid biosynthesis. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. (Wash.) 65, 737–744 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Cronan, J. E., Vagelos, P. R.: Metabolism and function of the membrane phospholipids of Escherichia coli. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 265, 25–60 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Crone, H. D.: The calcium-stimulated incorporation of ethanolamine and serine into the phospholipids of the housefly Musca domestica. Biochem. J. 104, 695–704 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Crowfoot, P. D., Hunt, A. L.: Induced synthesis of cyclopropane fatty acid synthetase in Pseudomonas fluorescens. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 555–557 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Currie, B. T., Oakley, D. E., Broomfield, C. A.: Crystalline phospholipase A associated with a cobra venom toxin. Nature (Lond.) 220, 371 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Daae, L. N. W., Bremer, J.: The acylation of glycerophosphate in rat liver. A new assay procedure for glycerophosphate acylation, studies on its subcellular and submitochondrial localization and determination of the reaction products. Biochem. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 210, 92–104 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Davidson, F. M., Long, C.: The structure of naturally occurring phosphoglycerides. 4. Action of cabbage-leaf phospholipase D on ovolecithin and related substances. Biochem. J. 69, 458–466 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Davidson, J. B., Stanacev, N. Z.: Biochemistry of polyglycerophosphatides in central nervous tissue. I. On the biosynthesis, structure, and enzymatic degradation of phosphatidylglycerophosphate and phosphatidylglycerol in isolated sheep brain mitochondria. Canad. J. Biochem. 48, 634–642 (1970).Google Scholar
  90. Davidson, J. B., Stanacev, N. Z.: Biosynthesis of cardiolipin in mitochondria isolated from guinea pig liver. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 42, 1191–1199 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Dawson, R. M. C.: The phospholipase B of liver. Biochem. J. 64, 192–196 (1965).Google Scholar
  92. Dawson, R. M. C.: The identification of two lipid components in liver which enable Penicillium notatum extracts to hydrolyze lecithin. Biochem. J. 68, 352–357 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Dawson, R. M. C.: Studies on the enzymic hydrolysis of monophosphoinositide by phospholipase preparations from P. notatum and ox pancreas. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 33, 68–77 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Dawson, R. M. C.: The formation of phosphatidylglycerol and other phospholipids by the transferase activity of phospholipase D. Biochem. J. 102, 205–210 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Dawson, R. M. C., Dittmer, J. C.: Evidence for the structure of brain triphosphoinositide from hydrolytic degradation studies. Biochem. J. 81, 540–545 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Dawson, R. M. C., Hemington, N.: Some properties of purified phospholipase D and especially the effect of amphipatic substances. Biochem. J. 102, 76–86 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Dawson, R. M. C., Thompson, W.: The triphosphoinositide phosphomonoesterase of brain tissue. Biochem. J. 91, 244–250 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Deenen, L. L. M. van: Phospholipids and biomembranes. In: R. T. Holman (ed.), Progress in the chemistry of fats and other lipids, vol. 8, part 1. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1965.Google Scholar
  99. Deenen, L. L. M. van, van den Bosch, H., Golde, L. M. G. van, Scherphof, G. L., Waite, B. M.: Some structural and metabolic aspects of fatty acids in phosphoglycerides. In: F. C. Gran (ed.), Cellular compartmentalization and control of fatty acid metabolism, p. 89–109. London and New York: Academic Press 1967.Google Scholar
  100. Deenen, L. L. M. van, Gier, J. de: Chemical composition and metabolism of lipids in red cells of various animal species. In: C. Bishop and D. M. Surgenor (eds.), The red blood cell, p. 243–302. New York: Academic Press 1964.Google Scholar
  101. Deenen, L. L. M. van, Haas, G. H. de: Phosphoglycerides and phospholipases. Ann. Rev. Biochem. 35, 157–194 (1966).Google Scholar
  102. Delbauffe, D., Paysant, M., Polonovski, J.: Phosphatidylglycérolphospholipase A des globules rouges de rat. II. Etude cinétique. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 50, 1439–1444 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Dennis, E. A., Kennedy, E. P.: Enzymatic synthesis and decarboxylation of phosphatidylserine in Tetrahymena pyriformis. J. Lipid Res. 11, 394–403 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Dennis, E. A., Kennedy, E. P.: In preparation.Google Scholar
  105. Devor, K. A., Mudd, J. B.: Biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine by enzyme preparations from spinach leaves. J. Lipid Res. 12, 403–411 (1971a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Devor, K. A., Mudd, J. B.: Control of fatty acid distribution in phosphatidylcholine of spinach leaves. J. Lipid Res. 12, 412–419 (1971b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Dils, R. R., Hübscher, G.: Metabolism of phospholipids. III. The effect of calcium ions on the incorporation of labelled choline into rat-liver microsomes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 46, 505–513 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Diner, B. A.: Purification and properties of Clostridium welchii phospholipase C. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 198, 514–522 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Douce, R.: Mise en évidence du cytidine diphosphate diglycéride dans les mitochondries végétales isolees. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 267, 534–537 (1968).Google Scholar
  110. Eibl, H., Hill, E. E., Lands, W. E. M.: The subcellular distribution of acyltransferases which catalyze the synthesis of phosphoglycerides. Europ. J. Biochem. 9, 250–258 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. Eibl, H., Lands, W. E. M.: Phosphorylation of 1-alkenyl-2-acylglycerol and preparation of 2-acylphosphoglycerides. Biochemistry 9, 423–428 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Eibl, H., Westphal, O., van den Bosch, H., Deenen, L. L. M. van: 3-Palmitoylglycerin-1-phosphorylcholine (D-α-Lysolecithin) und dessen Unwirksamkeit als Substrat für Acyltransferasen (Lecithin-Synthese). Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. 738, 161–169 (1970).Google Scholar
  113. Eisenberg, S., Stein, Y., Stein, O.: The role of placenta in lysolecithin metabolism in rats and mice. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 137, 115–120 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Eisenberg, S., Stein, Y., Stein, O.: Phospholipases in arterial tissue. II. Phosphatide acylhydrolase and lysophosphatide acylhydrolase activity in human and rat arteries. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 164, 205–214 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Ellingson, J. S., Hill, E. E., Lands, W. E. M.: The control of fatty acid composition in glycerolipids of the endoplasmic reticulum. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 196, 176–192 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Ellingson, J. S., Lands, W. E. M.: Phospholipid reactivation of plasmalogen metabolism. Lipids 3, 111–120 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Elovson, J.: Conversions of palmitic and stearic acid in the intact rat. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 291–303 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Elovson, J., Åkesson, B., Arvidson, G.: Positional specificity of liver 1,2-diglyceride biosynthesis in vivo. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 214–217 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Elsbach, P.: Metabolism of lysophosphatidylethanolamine and lysophosphatidylcholine by homogenates of rabbit polymorphonuclear leukocytes and alveolar macrophages. J. Lipid Res. 8, 359–365 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Elsbach, P.: Increased synthesis of phospholipid during phagocytosis. J. clin. Invest. 47, 2217–2229 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Elsbach, P., van den Berg, J. W. O., van den Bosch, H., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Metabolism of phospholipids by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 338–347 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Elsbach, P., Holmes, K. V., Choppin, P. W.: Metabolism of lecithin and virus-induced cell fusion. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 130, 903–908 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Entressangles, B., Sari, H., Desnuelle, P.: On the positional specificity of pancreatic lipase. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 125, 597–600 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Erbland, J. F., Marinetti, G. V.: The enzymatic acylation and hydrolysis of lysolecithin. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 128–138 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Etienne, J., Paysant, M., Grüber, A., Polonovski, J.: Présence d’un précurseur de phospholipase dans le sérum humain normal. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 51, 709–716 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Eto, Y., Suzuki, K.: Cholesterol ester metabolism in the brain: properties and subcellular distribution of cholesterol-esterifying enzymes and cholesterol ester hydrolases in adult rat brain. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 239, 293–311 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Ewing, R. D., Finnamore, F. J.: Phospholipid metabolism during development of the brine shrimp Artemia salina. I. Incorporation of cytidine 5′-phosphate into cytidine diphosphate choline by a microsomal enzyme system. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 463–473 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Fallon, H. J., Gertman, P. M., Kemp, E. L.: The effects of ethanol ingestion and choline deficiency on hepatic lecithin biosynthesis in the rat. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 187, 94–104 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Fallon, H. J., Lamb, R. G.: Acylation of sn-glycerol 3-phosphate by cell fractions of rat liver. J. Lipid Res. 9, 652–660 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Ferber, E., Munder, P. G., Fischer, H., Gerisch, G.: High phospholipase activities in amoebae of Dictyostelium discoideum. Europ. J. Biochem. 14, 253–257 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Ferber, E., Munder, P. G., Kohlschütter, A., Fischer, H.: Lysolecithin-Stoffwechsel in Erythrocytenmembranen. Lysolecithin-Acylierung und Lysophospholipase in alternden Erythrocyten. Europ. J. Biochem. 5, 395–401 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Fielding, C. J., Fielding, P. E.: Purification and substrate specificity of lecithincholesterol acyltransferase from human plasma. FEBS-Letters 15, 355–358 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Fleischer, S., Rouser, G.: Lipids of subcellular particles. J. Amer. Oil Chemist’s Soc. 42, 588–607 (1965).Google Scholar
  134. Fowler, S., Duve, C. de: Digestive activity of lysosomes. III. The digestion of lipids by extracts of rat liver lysosomes. J. biol. Chem. 244, 471–481 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Franson, R., Waite, M., La Via, M.: Identification of phospholipase A1 and A2 in the soluble fraction of rat liver lysosomes. Biochemistry 10, 1942–1946 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Friedel, R. O., Brown, J. D., Durell, J.: Monophosphatidylinositol inositol-phosphohydrolase in guinea-pig brain. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 684–686 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Frosolono, M. F., Shika, S., Chairns, B. L.: Acyl transferase activities in dog lung microsomes. J. Lipid Res. 12, 96–103 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. Fung, C. K., Proulx, P.: Metabolism of phosphoglycerides in E. coli. III. The presence of phospholipase A. Canad. J. Biochem. 47, 371–373 (1969).Google Scholar
  139. Gallai-Hatchard, J. J., Thompson, R. H. S.: Phospholipase A activity of mammalian tissues. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 128–136 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Galliard, T.: The enzymic deacylation of phospholipids and galactolipids in plants. Purification and properties of a lipolytic acyl-hydrolase from potato tubers. Biochem. J. 121, 379–390 (1971a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Galliard, T.: Enzymic deacylation of lipids in plants. The effects of free fatty acids on the hydrolysis of phospholipids by the lipolytic acylhydrolase of potato tubers. Europ. J. Biochem. 21, 90–98 (1971b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Galliard, T., Hawthorne, J. N.: Rapid labelling of diphosphoinositide in liver mitochondria. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 70, 479–481 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Galliard, T., Michell, R. H., Hawthorne, J. N.: Incorporation of phosphate into diphosphoinositide by subcellular fractions from liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 551–563 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Gatt, S.: Purification and properties of phospholipase A1 from rat and calf brain. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 159, 304–316 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. Gatt, S.: Enzymatic aspects of sphingolipid degradation. Chem. Phys. Lip. 5, 235–249 (1970).Google Scholar
  146. Gatt, S., Barenholz, Y., Roitman, A.: Isolation of rat brain lecithinase-A, specific for the α′-position of lecithin. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 24, 169–172 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Gibson, K. D., Wilson, J. D., Udenfriend, S.: The enzymatic conversion of phospholipid ethanolamine to phospholipid choline in rat liver. J. biol. Chem. 236, 673–679 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. Glenn, J. L., Austin, W.: The conversion of phosphatidylethanolamine to lecithins in normal and choline-deficient rats. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 231, 153–160 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Glomset, J. A.: The mechanism of the plasma cholesterol esterification reaction: plasma fatty acid transferase. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 65, 128–135 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Glomset, J. A.: The plasma lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase reaction. J. Lipid Res. 9, 155–166 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Glomset, J. A., Kaplan, D. M.: The distribution of plasma fatty acid transferase-like activity in rat tissues. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 41–46 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. Glomset, J. A., Parker, F., Tjaden, M., Williams, R. H.: The esterification in vitro of free cholesterol in human and rat plasma. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 58, 398–406 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. Golde, L. M. G. van, Deenen, L. L. M. van: The effect of dietary fat on the molecular species of lecithin from rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 125, 496–509 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. Golde, L. M. G. van, Fleischer, B., Fleischer, S.: Some studies on the metabolism of phospholipids in Golgi-complex from bovine and rat liver in comparison to other subcellular fractions. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 249, 318–330 (1971a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Golde, L. M. G. van, McElhaney, R. N., Deenen, L. L. M. van: A membrane-bound lysophospholipase from Mycoplasma laidlawii strain B. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 231, 245–249 (1971b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Golde, L. M. G. van, Pieterson, W. A., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Alterations in the molecular species of rat liver lecithin by corn-oil feeding to essential fatty acid deficient rats as a function of time. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 84–95 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Golde, L. M. G. van, Scherphof, G. L., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Biosynthetic pathways in the formation of individual molecular species of rat liver phospholipids. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 635–637 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Golde, L. M. G. van, Tomasi, V., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Determination of molecular species of lecithin from erythrocytes and plasma. Chem. Phys. Lip. 1, 282–293 (1967).Google Scholar
  159. Goldfine, H.: Acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate in bacterial extracts. J. biol. Chem. 241, 3864–3866 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Gould, R. M., Lennarz, W. J.: Biosynthesis of aminoacyl derivatives of phosphatidylglycerol. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 26, 510–515 (1967).Google Scholar
  161. Gould, R. M., Lennarz, W. J.: Metabolism of phosphatidylglycerol and lysyl phosphatidylglycerol in Staphylococcus aureus. J. Bact. 104, 1135–1144 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Gould, R. M., Thornton, M. P., Liepkalns, V., Lennarz, W. J.: Participation of aminoacyl transfer ribonucleic acid in aminoacyl phosphatidylglycerol synthesis. II. Specificity of alanyl phosphatidylglycerol synthetase. J. biol. Chem. 243, 3096–3104 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Grado, C., Ballou, C. E.: Myo-inositol phosphates obtained by alkaline hydrolysis of beef brain phosphoinositide. J. biol. Chem. 236, 54–60 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Graf, E., Stein, Y.: Selective hydrolysis of rat liver lecithin by phospholipase C. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 116, 166–169 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Gurr, M. I., Brindley, D. N., Hübscher, G.: Metabolism of phospholipids. VIII. Biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine in the intestinal mucosa. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 486–501 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. Haas, G. H. de, Bonsen, P. P. M., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Studies on cardiolipin. III. Structural identity of ox-heart cardiolipin and synthetic diphosphatidylglycerol. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 116, 114–124 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. Haas, G. H. de, Bonsen, P. P. M., Pieterson, W. A., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Studies on phospholipase A and its zymogen from porcine pancreas. III. Action of the enzyme on short-chain lecithins. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 239, 252–266 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Haas, G. H. de, Postema, N. M., Nieuwenhuizen, W., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Purification and properties of an anionic zymogen of phospholipase A from porcine pancreas. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 159, 118–129 (1968a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. Haas, G. H. de, Postema, N. M., Nieuwenhuizen, W., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Purification and properties of phospholipase A from porcine pancreas. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 159, 103–117 (1968b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Haas, G. H. de, Sarda, L., Roger, J.: Positional specific hydrolysis of phospholipids by pancreatic lipase. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 638–640 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Haas, G. H. de, Slotboom, A. J., Bonsen, P. P. M., Deenen, L. L. M. van, Maroux, S., Puigserver, A., Desnuelle, P.: Studies on phospholipase A and its zymogen from porcine pancreas. I. The complete aminoacid sequence. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 221, 31–53 (1970a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. Haas, G. H. de, Slotboom, A. J., Bonsen, P. P. M., Nieuwenhuizen, W., Deenen, L. L. M. van, Maroux, S., Dlouha, V., Desnuelle, P.: Studies on phospholipase A and its zymogen from porcine pancreas. II. The assignment of the position of the six disulfide bridges. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 221, 54–61 (1970b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. Habermann, E., Neumann, W. P.: Reinigung der Phospholipase A des Bienengiftes. Biochem. Z. 328, 465–473 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. Habermann, E., Reiz, K. G.: Ein neues Verfahren zur Gewinnung der Komponenten von Bienengift, insbesondere des zentral wirksamen Peptids Apamin. Biochem. Z. 341, 451–466 (1965).Google Scholar
  175. Haest, C. W. M., Gier, J. de, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Changes in the chemical and barrier properties of the membrane lipids of E. coli by variation of the temperature of growth. Chem. Phys. Lip. 3, 413–417 (1969).Google Scholar
  176. Hahn, L., Hevesy, G.: Interaction between the phosphatides of the plasma and corpuscles. Nature (Lond.) 144, 204–207 (1939).Google Scholar
  177. Haines, D. S. M.: The effects of choline deficiency and choline refeeding upon the metabolism of plasma and liver lipids. Canad. J. Biochem. 44, 45–51 (1966).Google Scholar
  178. Hajra, A. K.: Biosynthesis of phosphatidic acid from dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 33, 929–935 (1968a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. Hajra, A. K.: Biosynthesis of acyl dihydroxyacetone phosphate in guinea pig liver mitochondria. J. biol. Chem. 243, 3458–3465 (1968b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. Hajra, A. K.: Biosynthesis of alkyl-ether containing lipid from dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 37, 486–492 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. Hajra, A. K., Agranoff, B. W.: Acyl dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Characterization of a 32P-labeled lipid from guinea pig liver mitochondria. J. biol. Chem. 243, 1617–1622 (1968a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. Hajra, A. K., Agranoff, B. W.: Reduction of palmitoyl dihydroxyacetone phosphate by mitochondria. J. biol. Chem. 243, 3542–3543 (1968b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Harris, P. M., Robinson, D. S., Getz, G.: Heterogeneity of liver lecithin isolated by chromatography on silicic acid columns. Nature (Lond.) 188, 742–743 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. Harwood, J. L., Hawthorne, J. N.: The properties and subcellular distribution of phosphatidylinositol kinase in mammalian tissues. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 171, 75–88 (1968).Google Scholar
  185. Haverkate, F., Deenen, L. L. M. van: The stereochemical configuration of phosphatidylglycerol. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 84, 106–108 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Hayashi, S., Lin, E. C.: Purification and properties of glycerol kinase from Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 242, 1030–1035 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. Hechemy, K., Goldfine, H.: Isolation and characterization of a temperature-sensitive mutant of Escherichia coli with a lesion in the acylation of lysophosphatidic acid. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 42, 245–251 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. Heller, M., Aladjem, E., Shapiro, B.: Phospholipase D in peanut seeds. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 50, 1395–1408 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Heller, M., Arad, R.: Properties of the phospholipase D from peanut seeds. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 210, 276–286 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Heller, M., Shapiro, B.: Enzymic hydrolysis of sphingomyelin by rat liver. Biochem. J. 98, 763–769 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. Hill, D. L., Ballou, C. E.: Biosynthesis of mannophospholipids by Mycobacterium phlei. J. biol. Chem. 241, 895–902 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. Hill, E. E., Husbands, D. R., Lands, W. E. M.: The selective incorporation of 14C-glycerol into different species of phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. J. biol. Chem. 243, 4440–4451 (1968a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Hill, E. E., Lands, W. E. M.: Incorporation of long-chain and polyunsaturated acids into phosphatidate and phosphatidylcholine. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 645–648 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. Hill, E. E., Lands, W. E. M.: Formation of acyl and alkenyl glycerol derivatives in Clostridium butyricum. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 209–211 (1970a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Hill, E. E., Lands, W. E. M.: Phospholipid metabolism. In: Lipid metabolism, p. 185–277. New York and London: Academic Press 1970b.Google Scholar
  196. Hill, E. E., Lands, W. E. M., Slakey, P. M.: The incorporation of 14C-glycerol into different species of diglycerides and triglycerides in rat liver slices. Lipids 3, 411–416 (1968b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. Ho, W. K. K., Nichols, A. V.: Interaction of lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase with sonicated dispersions of lecithin. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 231, 185–193 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Hörtnagl, H., Winkler, H., Hörtnagl, H.: The subcellular distribution of lysophospholipase in bovine adrenal medulla. Europ. J. Biochem. 10, 243–248 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. Hokin, L. E., Hokin, M. R.: Diglyceride kinase and other pathways for phosphatidic acid synthesis in the erythrocyte membrane. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 67, 470–484 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. Hokin, M. R., Hokin, L. E.: The synthesis of phosphatidic acid from diglyceride and adenosine triphosphate in extracts of brain microsomes. J. biol. Chem. 234, 1381–1387 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Hokin, M. R., Hokin, L. E.: The synthesis of phosphatidic acid and protein bound phosphorylserine in salt gland homogenates. J. biol. Chem. 239, 2116–2122 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. Holub, B. J., Breckenridge, W. C., Kuksis, A.: Studies of differential turnover of palmitoyl and stearoyl species of glycerophosphatides using labeled unsaturated acids. Lipids 6, 307–313 (1971).Google Scholar
  203. Horvath, W. L., Pieringer, R. A.: Partial purification and conversion of the particulate-bound diglyceride kinase of Escherichia coli to a water soluble, detergent free state. Lipids 5, 994–996 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. Hostetler, K. Y., van den Bosch, H.: Subcellular and submitochondrial localization of the biosynthesis of cardiolipin and related phospholipids in rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 260, 380–386 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. Hostetler, K. Y., van den Bosch, H., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Biosynthesis of cardiolipin in liver mitochondria. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 239, 113–119 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. Houtsmuller, U. M. T., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Studies on the phospholipids and phospholipase from Bacillus cereus. Kon. Ned. Akad. v. Wetensch., Ser. B, 66, 236–249 (1963).Google Scholar
  207. Houtsmuller, U. M. T., Deenen, L. L. M. van: On the amino acid esters of phosphatidylglycerol from bacteria. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 564–576 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. Hsu, C. C., Fox, C. F.: Induction of the lactose transport system in a lipid-synthesis-defective mutant of Escherichia coli. J. Bact. 103, 410–416 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  209. Hübscher, G.: Metabolism of phospholipids. VI. The effect of metal ions on the incorporation of L-serine into phosphatidylserine. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 57, 555–561 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. Hübscher, G.: Glyceride metabolism. In: Lipid metabolism, ed. S. J. Wakil, p. 279. New York: Academic Press 1970.Google Scholar
  211. Husbands, D. R., Lands, W. E. M.: Phosphatidate synthesis by sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase in pigeon liver particles. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 129–140 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. Husbands, D. R., Reiser, R.: Phosphatidic acid synthesis: Positional specificity of fatty acid esterification. Fed. Proc. 25, 405 (1966).Google Scholar
  213. Hutchison, H., Cronan, J. E.: The synthesis of cytidine diphosphate diglyceride by cell-free extracts of yeast. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 164, 606–608 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. Ibrahim, S. A.: Phospholipase A in scorpion venoms. Toxicon 5, 59–60 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. Infante, R., Koumanov, K., Polonovski, J.: Specificité de position de la phospholipase posthéparine du rat. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 164, 436–438 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. Infante, R., Polonovski, J., Donon, O.: Phospholipase plasmatique posthéparine chez le rat. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 490–492 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. Jezyk, P., Lands, W. E. M.: Specificity of acyl-CoA: phospholipid acyltransferases: solvent and temperature effects. J. Lipid Res. 9, 525–531 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. Johnston, J. M., Bearden J. H.: Intestinal phosphatidate phosphatase. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 56, 365–367 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. Johnston, J. M., Paltauf, F.: Lipid metabolism in inositol-deficient yeast, Saccharomyces carlsbergensis. II. Incorporation of labeled precursors into lipids by whole cells and activities of some enzymes involved in lipid formation. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 431–440 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. Johnston, J. M., Paltauf, F., Schiller, C. M., Schultz, L. D.: The utilization of the α-glycerophosphate and monoglyceride pathways for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in the intestine. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 124–133 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. Johnston, J. M., Rao, G. A., Lowe, P. A., Schwartz, B. E.: The nature of the stimulatory role of the supernatant fraction on triglyceride synthesis by the α-glycerophosphate pathway. Lipids 2, 14–20 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. Jungalwala, F. B., Dawson, R. M. C.: Phospholipid synthesis and exchange in isolated liver cells. Biochem. J. 117, 481–490 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. Jungalwala, F. B., Freinkel, N., Dawson, R. M. C.: The metabolism of phosphatidylinositol in the thyroid gland of the pig. Biochem. J. 123, 19–33 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. Kai, M., Salway, J. G., Hawthorne, J. N.: The diphosphoinositide kinase of rat brain. Biochem. J. 106, 791–801 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. Kai, M., White, G. L., Hawthorne, J. N.: The phosphatidylinositol kinase of rat brain. Biochem. J. 101, 328–337 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  226. Kanemasa, Y., Akamatsu, Y., Nojima, S.: Composition and turnover of the phospholipids in Escherichia coli. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 382–390 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  227. Kaneshiro, T., Law, J. H.: Phosphatidylcholine synthesis in Agrobacterium tumefaciens. I. Purification and properties of a phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase. J. biol. Chem. 239, 1705–1713 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. Kaneshiro, T., Marr, A. G.: Cis 9,10-methylene hexadecanoic acid from the phospholipids of Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 236, 2615–2619 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Kaneshiro, T., Marr, A. G.: Phospholipids of Azobacter agilis, Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Escherichia coli. J. Lipid Res. 3, 184–189 (1962).Google Scholar
  230. Kanfer, J., Kennedy, E. P.: Metabolism and function of bacterial lipids. II. Biosynthesis of phospholipids in Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 239, 1720–1724 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  231. Kanfer, J. N., Young, O. M., Shapiro, D., Brady, R. O.: The metabolism of sphingomyelin. I. Purification and properties of a sphingomyelin-cleaving enzyme from rat liver. J. biol. Chem. 241, 1081–1084 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. Kanoh, H.: Biosynthesis of molecular species of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine from radioactive precursors in rat liver slices. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 756–763 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. Kanoh, H.: Biosynthesis of lecithins and phosphatidylethanolamines from various radioactive 1,2-diglycerides in rat liver microsomes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 249–258 (1970).Google Scholar
  234. Kapoulas, V. M., Thompson, G. A., Jr., Hanahan, D. J.: Metabolism of α-glyceryl ethers by Tetrahymena pyriformis. II. Properties of a cleavage system in vitro. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 250–264 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. Kates, M.: Hydrolysis of lecithin by plant plastid enzymes. Canad. J. Biochem. 35, 575–589 (1955).Google Scholar
  236. Kaulen, H. D., Henning, R., Stoffel, W.: Comparison of some enzymes of the lysosomal and the plasma membrane of the rat liver cell. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 351, 1555–1563 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. Kawauchi, S., Iwanaga, S., Samejima, Y., Suzuki, T.: Isolation and characterization of two phospholipases A from the venom of Agkistrodon halys blomhoffii. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 236, 142–160 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. Keenan, R. W., Hokin, L. E.: The identification of lysophosphatidylinositol and its enzymic conversion for phosphatidylinositol. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 60, 428–430 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Keenan, R. W., Hokin, L. E.: The enzymatic acylation of lysophosphatidylinositol. J. biol. Chem. 239, 2123–2129 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  240. Keenan, T. W., Awasthi, Y. C., Crane, F. L.: Cardiolipin from beef heart mitochondria: fatty acid positioning and molecular species distribution. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 40, 1102–1109 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. Kemp, P., Hübscher, G., Hawthorne, J. N.: Phosphoinositides. 3. Enzymic hydrolysis of inositol-containing phospholipids. Biochem. J. 79, 193–200 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. Kennedy, E. P.: Biosynthesis of complex lipids. Fed. Proc. 20, 934–940 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. Kennedy, E. P., Borkenhagen, L. F., Smith, S. W.: Possible metabolic functions of deoxycytidine diphosphate choline and deoxycytidine diphosphate ethanolamine. J. biol. Chem. 234, 1998–2000 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  244. Kennedy, E. P., Weiss, S. B.: The function of cytidine coenzymes in the biosynthesis of phospholipids. J. biol. Chem. 222, 193–214 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. Kito, M., Aibara, K., Hasegawa, K., Hata, T.: Inhibition of phosphatidic acid biosynthesis by cis-9,10-methylene hexadecanoic acid. Agr. Biol. Chem. 35, 140–141 (1971a).Google Scholar
  246. Kito, M., Ishinaga, M., Hata, T.: The formation of phosphatidylethanolamine in the presence of ATP by a particulate enzyme system from E. coli B. Agr. Biol. Chem. 35, 790–792 (1971c).Google Scholar
  247. Kito, M., Pizer, L. I.: Phosphatidic acid synthesis in Escherichia coli. J. Bact. 97, 1321–1327 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. Kito, M., Sasaki, R., Murata, M., Hasegawa, K.: Stabilizing effect of lipopolysaccharide on the L-glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase of Escherichia coli membrane. Agr. Biol. Chem. 35, 788–789 (1971b).Google Scholar
  249. Kiyasu, J. Y., Kennedy, E. P.: The enzymatic synthesis of plasmalogens. J. biol. Chem. 235, 2590–2594 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  250. Kiyasu, J. Y., Pieringer, R. A., Paulus, H., Kennedy, E. P.: The biosynthesis of phosphatidylglycerol. J. biol. Chem. 238, 2293–2298 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. Kleinman, J. H., Lands, W. E. M.: Purification of a phospholipase C from Bacillus cereus. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 187, 477–485 (1969).Google Scholar
  252. Knivett, V. E., Cullen, J.: Fatty acid synthesis in Escherichia coli. Biochem. J. 103, 299–306 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  253. Kokke, R., Hooghwinkel, G. J. M., Booy, H. L., van den Bosch, H., Zelles, L., Mulder, E., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Metabolism of lysolecithin and lecithin in a yeast supernatant. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 70, 351–354 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  254. Kornberg, A., Pricer, W. E.: Enzymatic esterification of α-glycerophosphate by long chain fatty acids. J. biol. Chem. 204, 345–357 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  255. Kruyff, B. de, Golde, L. M. G. van, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Utilization of diacylglycerol species by choline phosphotransferase, ethanolaminephosphotransferase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase in rat liver microsomes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 210, 425–435 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. Kuhn, N. J.: Regulation of triglyceride synthesis in the parturient guinea-pig mammary gland. Biochem. J. 105, 225–231 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  257. Kuhn, N. J., Lynen, F.: Phosphatidic acid synthesis in yeast. Biochem. J. 94, 240–246 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  258. Kuksis, A., Marai, L., Breckenridge, W. C., Gornall, D. A., Stachnyk, O.: Molecular species of lecithins of some functionally distinct rat tissues. Canad. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 46, 511–524 (1968).Google Scholar
  259. Kumar, S. S., Millay, R. H., Bieber, L. L.: Deacylation of phospholipids and acylation and deacylation of lysophospholipids containing ethanolamine, choline and β-methylcholine by microsomes of housefly larvae. Biochemistry 9, 754–759 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. Lamb, R. G., Fallon, H. J.: The formation of monoacylglycerophosphate from sn-glycerol-3-phosphate by a rat liver particulate preparation. J. biol. Chem. 245, 3075–3083 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  261. Lands, W. E. M.: Metabolism of glycerolipids. II. The enzymatic acylation of lysolecithin. J. biol. Chem. 235, 2233–2237 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  262. Lands, W. E. M., Blank, M. L., Nutter, L. J., Privett, O. S.: A comparison of acyltransferase activities in vitro with the distribution of fatty acids in lecithins and triglycerides in vivo. Lipids 1, 224–229 (1966b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  263. Lands, W. E. M., Hart, P.: Metabolism of glycerolipids. V. Metabolism of phosphatidic acid. J. Lipid Res. 5, 81–87 (1964).Google Scholar
  264. Lands, W. E. M., Hart, P.: Metabolism of glycerolipids. VI. Specificities of acyl coenzyme A: phospholipid acyltransferases. J. biol. Chem. 240, 1905–1911 (1965a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  265. Lands, W. E. M., Hart, P.: Metabolism of plasmalogen. III. Relative reactivities of acyl and alkenyl derivatives of glycerol-3-phosphorylcholine. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 532–538 (1965b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  266. Lands, W. E. M., Merkl, I.: Metabolism of glycerolipids. III. Reactivity of various acyl esters of coenzyme A with α′-acylglycerophosphorylcholine, and positional specificities in lecithin synthesis. J. biol. Chem. 238, 898–904 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  267. Lands, W. E. M., Pieringer, R. A., Slakey, S. P. M., Zschocke, A.: A micromethod for the stereospecific determination of triglyceride structure. Lipids 1, 444–448 (1966a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. Lapetina, E. G., Hawthorne, J. N.: The diglyceride kinase of rat cerebral cortex. Biochem. J. 122, 171–179 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  269. Leibovitz, Z., Gatt, S.: Isolation of lysophospholipase, free of phospholipase activity, from rat brain. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 164, 439–441 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  270. Leibovitz Ben-Gershon, Z., Borkovski, I., Gatt, S.: Kinetic properties of rat brain lysolecithinase. Israel J. Chem. 8, 147 (1970).Google Scholar
  271. Lennarz, W. J.: Bacterial lipids. In: S. J. Wakil (ed.), Lipid metabolism, p. 155. New York and London: Academic Press 1970.Google Scholar
  272. Lennarz, W. J., Bonsen, P. P. M., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Substrate specificity of O-L-lysylphosphatidylglycerol synthetase. Enzymatic studies on the structure of O-L-lysylphosphatidylglycerol. Biochemistry 6, 2307–2312 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  273. Lennarz, W. J., Nesbitt, J. A., Reiss, J.: The participation of sRNA in the enzymatic synthesis of O-L-lysyl phosphatidylglycerol in Staphylococcus aureus. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. (Wash.) 55, 934–941 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  274. Lester, R. L., Steiner, M. R.: The occurrence of diphosphoinositide and triphospho-inositide in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. biol. Chem. 243, 4889–4893 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  275. Lloveras, J., Douste-Blazy, L.: Phospholipases A acides dans les tissus animaux. I. Action des homogénats des rate de veau sur les lécithines. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 50, 157–162 (1968a).Google Scholar
  276. Lloveras, J., Douste-Blazy, L.: Phospholipases A acides dans les tissues animaux. II. Purification d’une préparation phospholipasique splénique. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 50, 1487–1492 (1968b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  277. Lloveras, J., Douste-Blazy, L.: Phospholipases A acides dans les tissues animaux. III. Spécificité de position des phospholipases spléniques. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 50, 1493–1499 (1968c).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  278. Lloveras, J., Douste-Blazy, L.: Phospholipases A acides dans les tissues animaux. IV. Localisation subcellulaires des phospholipases. spléniques. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 51, 981–987 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  279. Lloveras, J., Douste-Blazy, L., Valdigué, P.: Mode d’action de la phospholipase splénique A. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 256, 1861–1862 (1963).Google Scholar
  280. Lombardini, B., Pani, P., Schlunk, F. F., Ski-Hua, C.: Labeling of liver and plasma lecithins after injection of 1,2-14C-dimethylaminoethanol and 14C-L-methionine-methyl to choline deficient rats. Lipids 4, 67–75 (1969).Google Scholar
  281. Long, C., Odavic, R., Sargent, E. J.: The action of cabbage leaf phospholipase D upon lysolecithin. Biochem. J. 102, 216–220 (1967a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  282. Long, C., Odavic, R., Sargent, E. J.: The chemical nature of the products obtained by the action of cabbage-leaf phospholipase D on lysolecithin: the structure of lysolecithin. Biochem. J. 102, 221–229 (1967b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. Lovelock, J. E., James, A. T., Rowe, C. E.: The lipids of whole blood. 2. The exchange of lipids between the cellular constituents and the lipoproteins of human blood. Biochem. J. 74, 137–140 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. Lucy, J. A.: The fusion of biological membranes. Nature (Lond.) 227, 815–817 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  285. Lyman, R. L., Hopkins, S. M., Sheehan, G., Tinoco, J.: Effects of estradiol and testosteron on the incorporation and distribution of [Me-14C] methionine methyl in rat liver lecithins. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 197–207 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  286. Lyman, R. L., Hopkins, S. M., Sheehan, G., Tinoco, J.: Incorporation and distribution of [Me-14C]-methionine methyl into liver phosphatidylcholine fractions from control and essential fatty acid deficient rats. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 86–94 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  287. Macchia, V., Pastan, I.: Action of phospholipase C on the thyroid. J. biol. Chem. 242, 1864–1869 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  288. Macfarlane, M. G.: The biochemistry of bacterial toxins. 2. The enzymic specificity of Clostridium welchii lecithinase. Biochem. J. 42, 587–590 (1948).Google Scholar
  289. Macfarlane, M. G.: Characterization of lipo amino acids as O-amino acid esters of phosphatidylglycerol. Nature (Lond.) 196, 136–138 (1962).Google Scholar
  290. Macfarlane, M. G., Knight, B. C. J.: The biochemistry of bacterial toxins. 1. The lecithinase activity of Cl. welchii toxins. Biochem. J. 35, 884–902 (1941).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. Magee, W. L., Gallai-Hatchard, J. J., Sanders, H., Thompson, R. H. S.: The purification and properties of phospholipase A from human pancreas. Biochem. J. 83, 17–25 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  292. Malins, D. C.: Metabolism of glycerol ether-containing lipids in dogfish (Squalus acanthias). J. Lipid Res. 9, 687–692 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  293. Mangnall, D., Getz, G. S.: Acidic phospholipid synthesis in yeast mitochondria. Fed. Proc. 30, 1226 (1971).Google Scholar
  294. Marai, L., Kuksis, A.: Molecular species of lecithins from erythrocytes and plasma of man. J. Lipid Res. 10, 141–152 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  295. Marinetti, G. V.: In vitro lipid transformations in serum. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 46, 468–478 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  296. Marinetti, G. V.: The action of phospholipase A on lipoproteins. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 554–565 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  297. Marinetti, G. V., Erbland, J., Witter, J. F., Petix, J., Stotz, E.: Metabolic pathways of lysolecithin in a soluble rat-liver system. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 30, 223 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  298. Marples, E. A., Thompson, R. H. S.: The distribution of phospholipase B in mammalian tissues. Biochem. J. 74, 123–127 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  299. Marr, A. G., Ingraham, J. L.: Effect of temperatures on the composition of fatty acids in Escherichia coli. J. Bact. 84, 1260–1267 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  300. Mårtensson, E., Kanfer, J.: The conversion of L-glycerol-14C-3-phosphate into phosphatidic acid by a solubilized preparation from rat brain. J. biol. Chem. 243, 497–501 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. Master, R. W. P., Rao, S. S., Soman, P. D.: Electrophoretic separation of biologically active constituents of scorpion venoms. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 71, 422–428 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. McCaman, R. E., Cook, K.: Intermediary metabolism of phospholipids in brain tissue. III. Phosphocholine-glyceride transferase. J. biol. Chem. 241, 3390–3394 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  303. McCaman, R. E., Finnerty, W. R.: Biosynthesis of cytidine diphosphate diglyceride by a particulate fraction from Micrococcus cerificiens. J. biol. Chem. 243, 5074–5080 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  304. McCaman, R. F., Smith, M., Cook, K.: Intermediary metabolism of phospholipids in brain tissue. II. Phosphatidic acid phosphatase. J. biol. Chem. 240, 3513–3517 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  305. McMurray, W. C., Dawson, R. M. C.: Phospholipid exchange reactions within the liver cell. Biochem. J. 112, 91–108 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  306. McMurray, W. C., Strickland, K. P., Berry, J. F., Rossiter, R. J.: Incorporation of 32P-labelled intermediates into the phospholipids of cell-free preparations of rat brain. Biochem. J. 66, 634–644 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  307. Mellors, A., Tappel, A. L.: Hydrolysis of phospholipids by a lysosomal enzyme. J. Lipid Res. 8, 479–485 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  308. Merkl, I., Lands, W. E. M.: Metabolism of glycerolipids. IV. Synthesis of phosphatidylethanolamine. J. biol. Chem. 238, 905–906 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  309. Michell, R. H., Harwood, J. L., Coleman, R., Hawthorne, J. N.: Characteristics of rat liver phosphatidylinositol kinase and its presence in the plasma membrane. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 649–658 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  310. Michell, R. H., Hawthorne, J. N.: The site of diphosphoinositide synthesis in rat liver. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 21, 333–338 (1967).Google Scholar
  311. Mitchell, M. P., Brindley, D. N., Hübscher, G.: Properties of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase. Europ. J. Biochem. 18, 214–220 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  312. Mitra, S., Chatterjee, G. C.: Lecithin-splitting enzyme of Vibrio El Tor. Nature (Lond.) 189, 837 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  313. Molotovsky, J. G., Bergelson, L. D.: On the structure of lipo amino acids. Chem. Phys. Lip. 2, 1–10 (1968).Google Scholar
  314. Montfoort, A.: Analyses and some metabolic studies on lecithin from lung and other mammalian tissues. Thesis State University Utrecht 1970.Google Scholar
  315. Montfoort, A., Golde, L. M. G. van, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Molecular species of lecithins from various animal tissues. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 231, 335–342 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  316. Moore, J. H., Williams, D. L.: Some observations on the specificity of phospholipase A. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 84, 41–54 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  317. Morgan, T. E.: Isolation and characterization of lipid N-methyltransferase from dog lung. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 178, 21–34 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  318. Morré, D. J., Nyguist, S., Rivera, E.: Lecithin biosynthetic enzymes of onion stem and the distribution of phosphorylcholine-cytidyl transferase among cell fractions. Plant Physiol. 45, 800–804 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  319. Morris, L. J.: Separation of lipids by silver ion chromatography. J. Lipid Res. 7, 717–732 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  320. Mudd, J. B., Golde, L. M. G. van, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Utilization of molecular species of diglyceride in the synthesis of lecithin. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 547–556 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  321. Mulder, E., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Metabolism of red-cell lipids. I. Incorporation in vitro of fatty acids into phospholipids from mature erythrocytes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 106–117 (1965a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  322. Mulder, E., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Metabolism of red-cell lipids. III. Pathways for phospholipid renewal. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 348–356 (1965b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  323. Mulder, E., van den Berg, J. W. O., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Metabolism of red-cell lipids. II. Conversions of lysophosphoglycerides. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 118–127 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  324. Munder, P. G., Ferber, E., Fischer, H.: Lysophosphatide und Zellmembran. Untersuchungen über die Abhängigkeit der cytolytischen Wirkung des Lysolecithins von Membranenzymen. Z. Naturforsch. 20b, 1048–1061 (1965).Google Scholar
  325. Nachbaur, J., Colbeau, A., Vignais, P. M.: Acylation de sn-glycérol-3-phosphate par des fractions subcellulaires de foie de rat. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) D 272, 1015–1018 (1971).Google Scholar
  326. Nachbaur, J., Vignais, P. M.: Localization of phospholipase A2 in outer membrane of mitochondria. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 33, 315–320 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  327. Nagley, P., Hallinan, T.: The use of radioactive choline as a label for microsomal membranes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 163, 218–225 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  328. Nelson, G. J.: Lipid composition of erythrocytes in various mammalian species. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 221–232 (1967a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  329. Nelson, G. J.: The phospholipid composition of plasma in various mammalian species. Lipids 2, 323–328 (1967b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  330. Nesbitt, J. A., Lennarz, W. J.: Participation of aminoacyl transfer ribonucleic acid in aminoacyl phosphatidylglycerol synthesis. I. Specificity of lysyl phosphatidylglycerol synthetase. J. biol. Chem. 243, 3088–3095 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  331. Neumann, W. P., Habermann, E.: Über Crotactin, das Haupttoxin des Giftes der brasilianischen Klapperschlange (Crotalus terrificus terrificus). Biochem. Z. 327 170–185 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  332. Newkirk, J. D., Waite, M.: Identification of a phospholipase A1 in plasma membranes of rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 225, 224–233 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  333. Nichols, A. V., Gong, E. L.: Use of sonicated dispersions of mixtures of cholesterol with lecithin as substrates for lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 231, 175–184 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  334. Nozawa, Y., Thompson, G. A.: Studies of membrane formation in Tetrahymena pyriformis. III. Lipid incorporation into various cellular membranes of logarithmic phase cultures. J. Cell Biol. 49, 722–730 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  335. Nurminen, T., Suomalainen, H.: The lipolytic activities of the isolated cell envelope fractions of baker’s yeast. Biochem. J. 118, 759–763 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  336. Nutter, L. J., Privett, O. S.: Phospholipase A properties of several snake venom preparations. Lipids 1, 258–262 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  337. Okuyama, H., Lands, W. E. M.: A test for the dihydroxyacetone phosphate pathway. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 376–377 (1970).Google Scholar
  338. Okuyama, H., Lands, W. E. M., Christie, W. W., Gunstone, F. D.: Selective transfer of cyclopropane acids by acyl coenzyme A: phospholipid acyltransferases. J. biol. Chem. 244, 6514–6519 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  339. Okuyama, H., Nojima, S.: The presence of phospholipase A in Escherichia coli. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 120–124 (1968).Google Scholar
  340. Oliveira, M. M., Vaughan, M.: Incorporation of fatty acids into phospholipids of erythrocyte membranes. J. Lipid Res. 5, 156–162 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. Olsen, R. W., Ballou, C. E.: Acyl phosphatidylglycerol. A new phospholipid from Salmonella typhimurium. J. biol. Chem. 246, 3305–3313 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  342. Omura, T., Siekevitz, P., Palade, G. E.: Turnover of constituents of the endoplasmic reticulum membranes of rat hepatocytes. J. biol. Chem. 242, 2389–2396 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  343. Ono, Y., Nojima, S.: Phospholipases of the membrane fraction Mycobacterium phlei. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 111–119 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  344. Ono, Y., White, D. C.: Cardiolipin-specific phospholipase D activity in Haemophilus parainfluenzae. J. Bact. 103, 111–115 (1970a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  345. Ono, Y., White, D. C.: Cardiolipin-specific phospholipase D of Haemophilus parainfluenzae. II. Characteristics and possible significance. J. Bact. 104, 712–718 (1970b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  346. Op den Kamp, J. A. F., Iterson, W. van, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Studies on the phospholipids and morphology of protoplasts of Bacillus megaterium. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 135, 862–884 (1967).Google Scholar
  347. Op den Kamp, J. A. F., Tomasi, V., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Bacterial phospholipids and membranes, p. 227–325. In: E. Tria and A. M. Scanu (eds.), Structural aspects of lipoproteins in living systems. London: Academic Press 1969.Google Scholar
  348. Ostrow, D.: Lecithin synthesis by isolated yeast microsomes and mitochondria. Fed. Proc. 30, 1226 (1971).Google Scholar
  349. Ottolenghi, A.: Phospholipase activity of rat tissues and its modification by trypsin. Lipids 2, 303–307 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  350. Ottolenghi, A. C.: Phospholipase C from Bacillus cereus, a zinc-requiring metalloenzyme. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 510–518 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  351. Paltauf, F.: Metabolism of the enantiomeric 1-O-alkyl glycerol ethers in the rat intestinal mucosa in vivo, incorporation into 1-O-alkyl and 1-O-alk-1′-enyl glycerol lipids. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 239, 38–47 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  352. Pangborn, M. C., McKinney, J. C.: Purification of serologically active phosphoinositides of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J. Lipid Res. 7, 627–633 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  353. Paris, R., Clément, G.: Différences de comportement des acides oléique et palmitique au cours de la synthèse de triglycérides à partir de 1-monopalmitine par la muqueuse intestinale de rat. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 634–637 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  354. Paris, R., Clément, G.: Biosynthesis of lysophosphatidic acid from ATP and 1-monoolein by subcellular particles of intestinal mucosa. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 131, 363–365 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  355. Parkes, J. G., Thompson, W.: The composition of phospholipids in outer and inner mitochondrial membranes from guinea pig liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 196, 162–169 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  356. Parsons, D. F., Williams, G. R., Thompson, W., Wilson, D., Chance, B.: Improvements in the procedure for purification of mitochondrial outer and inner membrane. Comparison of the outer membrane with smooth endoplasmic reticulum. In: E. Quagliariello, S. Papa, E. C. Slater and J. M. Tager (eds.), Mitochondrial structure and compartmentation, p. 29–70. Bari: Adiatrica Editrice 1967.Google Scholar
  357. Pastan, I., Macchia, V., Katzen, R.: A phospholipase specific for sphingomyelin from Clostridium perfringens. J. biol. Chem. 243, 3750–3755 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  358. Patterson, P. H., Lennarz, W. J.: Studies on the membranes of Bacilli. I. Phospholipid biosynthesis. J. biol. Chem. 246, 1062–1072 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  359. Paulus, H., Kennedy, E. P.: The enzymatic synthesis of inositol monophosphatide. J. biol. Chem. 235, 1303–1311 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  360. Paysant, M., Bitran, M., Etienne, J., Polonovski, J.: Phospholipase A du plasma sanguin de rat. Cinétique et propriétés. Existence d’un précurseur inactif. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 51, 863–873 (1969a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  361. Paysant, M., Bitran, M., Polonovski, J.: Essais de purification de la phospholipase A du plasma sanguin de rat. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 269, 93–95 (1969b).Google Scholar
  362. Paysant, M., Bitran, M., Wald, R., Polonovski, J.: Phospholipase A des globules rouges chez l’homme. Action sur les phospholipides endogènes et exogènes. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 52, 1257–1269 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  363. Paysant, M., Delbauffe, D., Wald, R., Polonovski, J.: Action enzymatique des globules rouges de rat sur le phosphatidylglycérol. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 49, 169–176 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  364. Paysant, M., Soler, C., Wald, R., Polonovski, J.: Action enzymatique de la rate de rat sur le phosphatidylglycérol. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 48, 863–872 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  365. Paysant, M., Wald, R., Polonovski, J.: Métabolisme des lysolécithines et des lécithines dans la rate de rat. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 47, 621–630 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  366. Paysant, M., Wald, R., Polonovski, J.: Les phosphatidylglycérolphospholipases des préparations subcellulaires spléniques de rat. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 50, 1445–1453 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  367. Peterson, J. A., Rubin, H.: The exchange of phospholipids between cultured chick embryo fibroplasts as observed by autoradiography. Exp. Cell Res. 60, 383–392 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  368. Peterson, S. C., Kirschner, L. B.: Di-and triphosphoinositide metabolism in intact swine erythrocytes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 295–304 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  369. Petzold, C. L., Agranoff, B. W.: The biosynthesis of cytidine diphosphate diglyceride by embryonic chick brain. J. biol. Chem. 242, 1187–1191 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  370. Pfleger, R. C., Piantadosi, C., Snyder, F.: The biocleavage of isomeric glyceryl ethers by soluble liver enzymes in a variety of species. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 633–648 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  371. Pieringer, R. A., Bonner, Kunnes, R. S.: Biosynthesis of phosphatidic acid, lysophosphatidic acid, diglyceride and triglyceride by fatty acyltransferase pathways in Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 242, 2719–2724 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  372. Pieringer, R. A., Hokin, L. E.: Biosynthesis of lysophosphatidic acid from monoglyceride and adenosine triphosphate. J. biol. Chem. 237, 653–658 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  373. Pieringer, R. A., Kunnes, R. S.: The biosynthesis of phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid by glyceride phosphokinase pathways in Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 240, 2833–2838 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  374. Plackett, P., Rodwell, A. W.: Glycerolipid biosynthesis by Mycoplasma strain Y. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 210, 230–240 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  375. Polonovski, J., Paysant, M.: Métabolisme phospholipidique du sang. VIII. Échange des phospholipides margués entre globules et plasma sanguin in vitro. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 45, 339–348 (1963).Google Scholar
  376. Polonovski, J., Wald, R., Paysant, M., Rampini, C., Barbu, E.: Metabolisme de phosphatidylglycérol et du cardiolipine chez Staphylococcus aureus. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 120, 589–598 (1971).Google Scholar
  377. Poole, A. R., Howell, J. I., Lucy, J. A.: Lysolecithin and cell fusion. Nature (Lond.) 227, 810–814 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  378. Porcellati, G., Arienti, G., Pirotta, M., Giorgini, D.: Base-exchange reactions for the synthesis of phospholipids in nervous tissue: The incorporation of serine and ethanolamine into the phospholipids of isolated brain microsomes. J. Neurochem. 18, 1395–1402 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  379. Portman, O. W.: Plasma lysolecithinase activity in pregnancy. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 167, 610–612 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. Portman, O. W., Alexander, M., Osuga, T.: Heterogeneity of lipid composition of microsome subfractions from aorta and liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 187, 435–438 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  381. Portman, O. W., Soltys, P., Alexander, M., Osuga, T.: Metabolism of lysolecithin in vivo: effects of hyperlipemia and atherosclerosis in squirrel monkeys. J. Lipid Res. 11, 596–604 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  382. Portman, O. W., Sugano, M.: Factors influencing the level and fatty acid specificity of the cholesterol esterification activity in human plasma. Arch. Biochem. 105, 532–540 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  383. Possmayer, F., Balakrishnan, G., Strickland, K. P.: The incorporation of labeled glycerophosphoric acid into the lipids of rat brain preparations. III. On the biosynthesis of phosphatidylglycerol. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 164, 79–87 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  384. Possmayer, F., Scherphof, G. L., Dubbelman, T. M. A. R., Golde, L. M. G. van, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Positional specificity of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in phosphatidic acid from rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 95–110 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  385. Possmayer, F., Strickland, K. P.: The incorporation of α-glycerophosphate-32P into the lipids of rat brain preparations. II. On the biosynthesis of monophosphoinositide Canad. J. Biochem. 45, 63–70 (1967).Google Scholar
  386. Prottey, C., Hawthorne, J. N.: The biosynthesis of phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylinositol in mammalian pancreas. Biochem. J. 105, 379–392 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  387. Prottey, C., Salway, J. G., Hawthorne, J. N.: The structures of enzymically produced diphosphoinositide and triphosphoinositide. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 164, 238–251 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  388. Proulx, P., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Acylation of lysophosphoglycerides by Escherichia coli. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 125, 591–593 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  389. Proulx, P., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Phospholipase activities of Escherichia coli. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 171–174 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  390. Proulx, P., Fung, C. K.: Metabolism of phosphoglycerides in E. coli. IV. The positional specificity and properties of phospholipase A. Canad. J. Biochem. 47, 1125–1128 (1969).Google Scholar
  391. Puleo, L. E., Rao, G. A., Reiser, R.: Triose phosphates as precursors of glyceride biosynthesis by rat liver microsomes. Lipids 5, 770–775 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  392. Quarles, R. H., Dawson, R. M. C.: The distribution of phospholipase D in developing and mature plants. Biochem. J. 112, 787–794 (1969a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  393. Quarles, R. H., Dawson, R. M. C.: A shift in the optimum pH of phospholipase D produced by activating long-chain anions. Biochem. J. 112, 795–799 (1969b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  394. Rahman, Y. E., Verhagen, J., van de Wiel, D. F. M.: Evidence of a membrane-bound phospholipase A in rat liver lysosomes. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 38, 670–677 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  395. Raju, P. K., Reiser, R.: Fatty acid specificity in the biosynthesis of diglycerides and triglycerides in rat liver in vitro. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 212–215 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  396. Rampini, C., Barbu, E., Polonovski, J.: Metabolism du diphosphatidylglycérol d’E. coli K12 après l’arrêt, par incubation en milieu sans source d’énergie, du développement des bactéries. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 270, 882–885 (1970).Google Scholar
  397. Rao, G. A., Sorrels, M. F., Puleo, L. E., Reiser, R.: Participation of microsomal phosphatidate phosphohydrolase in glyceride biosynthesis (Abstract). Fed. Proc. 28, 596 (1969).Google Scholar
  398. Ray, T. K., Cronan, J. E., Mavis, R. D., Vagelos, P. R.: The specific acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate to monoacylglycerol-3-phosphate in Escherichia coli. Evidence for a single enzyme conferring this specificity. J. biol. Chem. 245, 6442–6448 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  399. Reed, C. F.: Phospholipid exchange between plasma and erythrocytes in man and in the dog. J. clin. Invest. 47, 749–760 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  400. Rehbinder, D., Greenberg, D. M.: Studies on the methylation of ethanolamine phosphatides by liver preparations. Arch. Biochem. 109, 110–115 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  401. Reinauer, H., Brügelmann, J., Kurz, W., Hollmann, S.: Zur subzellulären Lokalisation der Phospholipasen in der Milz der Ratte. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 349, 1191–1200 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  402. Reitz, R. C., El-Sheikh, M., Lands, W. E. M., Ismail, I. A., Gunstone, F. D.: Effects of ethylenic bond position upon acyltransferase activity with isomeric cis-octadecenoyl coenzyme A thiol esters. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 480–490 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  403. Reitz, R. C., Lands, W. E. M., Christie, W. C., Holman, R. T.: Effects of ethylenic bond position upon acyltransferase activity with isomeric cis, cis-octadecadienoyl coenzyme A thiol esters. J. biol. Chem. 243, 2241–2246 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  404. Renkonen, O., Bloch, K.: Biosynthesis of monogalactosyl diglycerides in photoauxotrophic Euglena gracilis. J. biol. Chem. 244, 4899–4903 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  405. Robertson, A., Sprecher, H.: Human placental lipid metabolism. I. Synthesis of phosphatidylcholine from lysophosphatidylcholine. Pediatrics 38, 1028–1033 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  406. Robertson, A. F., Lands, W. E. M.: Positional specificities in phospholipid hydrolysis. Biochemistry 1, 804–810 (1962a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  407. Robertson, A. F., Lands, W. E. M.: Fate of injected plasmalogen in rabbits. J. clin. Invest. 41, 2160–2165 (1962b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  408. Robertson, A. F., Lands, W. E. M.: Metabolism of phospholipids in normal and spherocytic human erythrocytes. J. Lipid Res. 5, 88–93 (1964).Google Scholar
  409. Rola, F. H., Pullman, M. E.: Incorporation of 14C-glycerol into glycerolipids of rat liver mitochondria. Fed. Proc. 28, 595 (1969).Google Scholar
  410. Roncari, D. A. K., Hollenberg, C. H.: Esterification of free fatty acids by subcellular preparations of rat adipose tissue. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 137, 446–463 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  411. Rosenbloom, A. A., Elsbach, P.: Lecithin-lysolecithin cycle in the toad bladder. Amer. J. Physiol. 214, 161–165 (1968).Google Scholar
  412. Rosenthal, A. F., Pousada, M.: Inhibition of phospholipase C by phosphonate analogs of glycerophosphatides. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 164, 226–237 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  413. Rossi, C. R., Sartorelli, L., Tato, L., Baretta, L., Siliprandi, N.: Phospholipase A activity of rat-liver mitochondria. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 207–209 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  414. Rowe, C. E.: The phospholipids of human-blood plasma and their exchange with the cells. Biochem. J. 76, 471–475 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  415. Rowen, R.: Prevention of cholesterol esterification in human serum by enzymatic degradation of phospholipids. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 84, 761–764 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  416. Rytter, D., Miller, J. E., Cornatzer, W. E.: Specificity for incorporation of choline and ethanolamine into rat-liver microsomal lecithins. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 418–421 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  417. Saito, K., Hanahan, D. J.: A study of the purification and properties of the phospholipase A of Crotalus adamanteus venom. Biochemistry 1, 521–532 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  418. Saito, K., Sato, K.: Studies on the lecithinase from Penicillium notatum. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 151, 706–708 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  419. Sakagami, T., Minari, O., Orii, T.: Interaction of individual phospholipids between rat plasma and erythrocytes in vitro. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 356–364 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  420. Salach, J. I., Seng, R., Tisdale, H., Singer, T. P.: Phospholipase A of snake venoms. II. Catalytic properties of the enzyme from Naja naja. J. biol. Chem. 246, 340–347 (1971b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  421. Salach, J. I., Turini, P., Hauber, J., Seng, R., Tisdale, H., Singer, T. P.: Isolation of phospholipase A isoenzymes from Naja naja venom and their action on membrane-bound enzymes. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 33, 936–941 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  422. Salach, J. I., Turini, P., Seng, R., Hauber, J., Singer, T. P.: Phospholipase A of snake venoms. I. Isolation and molecular properties of isoenzymes from Naja naja and Vipera russellii venoms. J. biol. Chem. 246, 331–339 (1971a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  423. Salway, J. G., Harwood, J. L., Kai, M., White, G. L., Hawthorne, J. N.: Enzymes of phosphoinositide metabolism during rat brain development. J. Neurochem. 15, 221–226 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  424. Samejima, Y., Iwanaga, S., Suzuki, T., Kawauchi, S.: Partial aminoacid sequence of snake venom phospholipase A. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 221, 417–420 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  425. Sánchez de Jiménez, E., Cleland, W. W.: Studies on the microsomal acylation of L-glycerol-3-phosphate. I. The specificity of the rat brain enzyme. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 685–691 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  426. Santos Mota, J. M., Op den Kamp, J. A. F., Verheij, H. M., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Phospholipids of Streptococcus faecalis. J. Bact. 104, 611–619 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  427. Sarzala, M. G., Golde, L. M. G. van, Kruyff, B. de, Deenen, L. L. M. van: The intramitochondrial distribution of some enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of rat liver phospholipids. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 106–119 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  428. Sastry, P. S., Hokin, L. E.: Studies on the role of phospholipids in phagocytosis. J. biol. Chem. 241, 3354–3361 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  429. Sastry, P. S., Kates, M.: Biosynthesis of lipids in plants. II. Incorporation of glycerophosphate-32P into phosphatides by cell-free preparations from spinach leaves. Canad. J. Biochem. 44, 459–467 (1966).Google Scholar
  430. Sauner, M., Levy, M.: Study of the transfer of phospholipids from the endoplasmic reticulum to the outer and inner mitochondrial membranes. J. Lipid Res. 12, 71–75 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  431. Scandella, C. J.: A membrane-bound phospholipase A1 purified from E. coli. Fed. Proc. 30, 1119 (1971).Google Scholar
  432. Scarborough, G. A., Nyc, J. F.: Methylation of ethanolamine phosphatides by microsomes from normal and mutant strains of Neurospora crassa. J. biol. Chem. 242, 238–242 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  433. Scherphof, G. L.: Metabolic conversions of mitochondrial and microsomal phospholipids. Thesis State University of Utrecht 1967.Google Scholar
  434. Scherphof, G. L., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Phospholipase A activity of rat-liver mitochondria. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 204–206 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  435. Scherphof, G. L., Waite, M., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Formation of lysophosphatidyl-ethanolamines in cell fractions of rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 125, 406–409 (1966).Google Scholar
  436. Schneider, R. P., Kirschner, L. B.: Di-and triphosphoinositide metabolism in swine erythrocyte membranes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 283–294 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  437. Schneider, W. C.: Intracellular distribution of enzymes. XIII. Enzymatic synthesis of deoxycytidine diphosphate choline and lecithin in rat liver. J. biol. Chem. 238, 3572–3578 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  438. Sedgwick, B., Hübscher, G.: Metabolism of phospholipids. X. Partial purification and properties of a soluble phosphatidate phosphohydrolase from rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 397–408 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  439. Shapiro, B.: Purification and properties of a lysolecithinase from pancreas. Biochem. J. 53, 663–666 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  440. Shaw, S. N., Lossow, W. J., Chaikoff, I. L.: The esterification of cholesterol in vitro by rat plasma. I. Relative participation of triglycerides and phospholipids. II. Effect of snake venom. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 84, 176–181 (1964).Google Scholar
  441. Sheltawy, A., Dawson, R. M. C.: The deposition and metabolism of polyphosphoinositides in rat and guinea-pig brain during development. Biochem. J. 111, 147–156 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  442. Shephard, E. H., Hübscher, G.: Phosphatidate biosynthesis in mitochondrial subfractions of rat liver. Biochem. J. 113, 429–440 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  443. Sherr, S., Byk, C.: Choline and serine incorporation into the phospholipids of Neurospora crassa. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 239, 243–247 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  444. Sherr, S. I., Law, J. H.: Phosphatidylcholine synthesis in Agrobacterium tumefaciens. J. biol. Chem. 240, 3760–3765 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  445. Shipolini, R. A., Callewaert, G. L., Cottrell, R. C., Doonan, S., Vernon, C. A., Banks, B. E. C.: Phospholipase A from bee venom. Europ. J. Biochem. 20, 459–468 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  446. Shohet, S. B.: Release of phospholipid fatty acid from human erythrocytes. J. clin. Invest. 49, 1668–1678 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  447. Shohet, S. B.: The apparent transfer of fatty acid from phosphatidylcholine to phosphatidylethanolamine in human erythrocytes. J. Lipid Res. 12, 139–142 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  448. Shohet, S. B., Nathan, D. G.: Incorporation of phosphatide precursors from serum into erythrocytes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 202–205 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  449. Siervo, A. J. de, Salton, M. R. J.: Biosynthesis of cardiolipin in the membranes of Micrococcus lysodeikticus. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 239, 280–292 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  450. Simon, J. B., Boyer, J. L.: Production of lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase by the isolated perfused rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 549–551 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  451. Sinensky, M.: Temperature control of phospholipid biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. J. Bact. 106, 449–455 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  452. Slakey, S. P. M., Lands, W. E. M.: The structure of rat liver triglycerides. Lipids 3, 30–36 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  453. Slein, M. W., Logan, G. F.: Characterization of the phospholipases of Bacillus cereus and their effect on erythrocytes, bone and kidney cells. J. Bact. 90, 69–81 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  454. Slotboom, A. J., Bonsen, P. P. M.: Recent developments in the chemistry of phospholipids. Chem. Phys. Lip. 5, 301–397 (1970).Google Scholar
  455. Slotboom, A. J., Haas, G. H. de, Bonsen, P. P. M., Burbach-Westerhuis, G. J., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Hydrolysis of phosphoglycerides by purified lipase preparations. I. Substrate-, positional-and stereospecificity. Chem. Phys. Lip. 4, 15–29 (1970a).Google Scholar
  456. Slotboom, A. J., Haas, G. H. de, Burbach-Westerhuis, G. J., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Hydrolysis of phosphoglycerides by purified lipase preparations. II. Preparation of unsaturated 2-monoacyl choline phosphoglycerides. Chem. Phys. Lip. 4, 30–36 (1970b).Google Scholar
  457. Slotboom, A. J., Haas, G. H. de, Deenen, L. L. M. van: On the synthesis of isomeric lysophosphatides. Rec. Trav. chim. Pays-Bas 82, 469–486 (1963).Google Scholar
  458. Slotboom, A. J., Haas, G. H. de, Deenen, L. L. M. van: Synthesis of lysophosphoglycerides. Chem. Phys. Lip. 1, 317–336 (1967).Google Scholar
  459. Slotta, K. H., Fraenkel-Conrat, H. L.: Reinigung und Krystallisation des Klapper-schlangengiftes. Ber. dtsch. chem. Ges. 71, 1076–1081 (1938).Google Scholar
  460. Smith, A. D., Winkler, H.: Lysosomal phospholipases A1 and A2 of bovine adrenal medulla. Biochem. J. 108, 867–874 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  461. Smith, J. D., Law, J. H.: Phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in Tetrahymena pyriformis. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 141–152 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  462. Smith, M. E., Sedgwick, B., Brindley, D. N., Hübscher, G.: The role of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase in glyceride biosynthesis. Europ. J. Biochem. 3, 70–77 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  463. Smith, S. W., Weiss, S. B., Kennedy, E. P.: The enzymatic dephosphorylation of phosphatidic acids. J. biol. Chem. 228, 915–922 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  464. Snyder, F.: The biochemistry of lipids containing ether bonds. In: Progress in the chemistry of fats and other lipids, vol. X, part 3, p. 287–335. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1969.Google Scholar
  465. Snyder, F., Blank, M. L., Malone, B.: Requirement of cytidine derivatives in the biosynthesis of O-alkyl phospholipids. J. biol. Chem. 245, 4016–4018 (1970d).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  466. Snyder, F., Blank, M. L., Malone, B., Wykle, R. L.: Identification of O-alkyldihydroxyacetone phosphate, O-alkyl dihydroxyacetone, and diacyl glyceryl ethers after enzymic synthesis. J. biol. Chem. 245, 1800–1805 (1970c).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  467. Snyder, F., Blank, M. L., Wykle, R. L.: The enzymatic synthesis of ethanolamine plasmalogens. J. biol. Chem. 246, 3639–3645 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  468. Snyder, F., Malone, B., Blank, M. L.: Enzymic synthesis of O-alkyl bonds in glycerolipids. J. biol. Chem. 245, 1790–1799 (1970a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  469. Snyder, F., Malone, B., Cumming, R. B.: Synthesis of glyceryl ethers by microsomal enzymes derived from fibroplasts (L-M cells) grown in suspension cultures. Canad. J. Biochem. 48, 212–215 (1970b).Google Scholar
  470. Snyder, F., Wykle, R. L., Malone, B.: A new metabolic pathway: biosynthesis of alkyl ether bonds from glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and fatty alcohols by microsomal enzymes. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 34, 315–321 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  471. Souček, A., Michalec, Č., Součková, A.: Enzymic hydrolysis of sphingomyelins by a toxin of Corynebacterium ovis. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 180–182 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  472. Souček, A., Michalec, Č., Součková, A.: Identification and characterization of a new enzyme of the group “phospholipase D” isolated from Corynebacterium ovis. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 227, 116–128 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  473. Soula, G., Valdiguié, P., Douste-Blazy, L.: Métabolisme phospholipidique dans les globules rouges de lapin. II. Échanges in vitro de phospholipides marqués au 32P entre globules rouges et plasma. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 49, 1317–1330 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  474. Spitzer, H. L., Morrison, K., Norman, J. R.: The incorporation of L-[Me-14C]-methionine and [Me-3H]-choline into lung phosphatides. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 552–558 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  475. Stahl, W. L., Trams, E. G.: Synthesis of lipids by liver plasma membranes. Incorporation of acyl-coenzyme A derivatives into membrane lipids in vitro. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 163, 459–471 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  476. Stanacev, N. Z., Chang, Y., Kennedy, E. P.: Biosynthesis of cardiolipin in Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 242, 3018–3019 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  477. Stanacev, N. Z., Isaac, D. C., Brookes, K. B.: The enzymatic synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol in sheep brain. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 806–808 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  478. Stanacev, N. Z., Stuhne-Sekalec, L.: On the mechanism of enzymatic phosphatidylation. Biosynthesis of cardiolipin catalyzed by phospholipase D. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 210, 350–352 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  479. Stanacev, N. Z., Stuhne-Sekalec, L., Anderson, K. M.: Effect of testosterone on the biosynthesis of phosphatidylglycerol from L-α-glycerophosphate-2-3H by whole homogenate and mitochondria isolated from rat ventral prostate. Endocrinology 86, 1205–1211 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  480. Stanacev, N. Z., Stuhne-Sekalec, L., Brookes, K. B., Davidson, J. B.: Intermediary metabolism of phospholipids. The biosynthesis of phosphatidylglycerophosphate and phosphatidylglycerol in heart mitochondria. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 650–653 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  481. Stansley, P. G.: Estimation of the enzymic condensation of α-glycerophosphate and palmitoyl coenzyme A. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 18, 411–415 (1955).Google Scholar
  482. Stein, O., Stein, Y.: Utilization of lysolecithin by Landschütz ascites tumor in vivo and in vitro. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 137, 232–239 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  483. Stein, O., Stein, Y.: Lecithin synthesis, intracellular transport, and secretion in rat liver. IV. A radioautographic and biochemical study of choline-deficient rats injected with choline-3H. J. Cell Biol. 40, 461–483 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  484. Stein, Y., Stein, O.: Metabolism of labelled lysolecithin, lysophosphatidylethanolamine and lecithin in the rat. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 116, 95–107 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  485. Stein, Y., Widnell, C., Stein, O.: Acylation of lysophosphatides by plasma membrane fractions of rat liver. J. Cell Biol. 39, 185–192 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  486. Steiner, M. R., Lester, R. L.: In vitro study on the methylation pathway of phosphatidylcholine synthesis and the regulation of this pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochemistry 9, 63–69 (1969).Google Scholar
  487. Stoffel, W.: Sphingolipids. Ann. Rev. Biochem. 40, 57–82 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  488. Stoffel, W., Greten, H.: Studies on lipolytic activities of rat liver lysosomes. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 348, 1145–1150 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  489. Stoffel, W., Schiefer, H. G.: Biosynthesis and composition of phosphatides in outer and inner mitochondrial membranes. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 349, 1017–1026 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  490. Stoffel, W., Schiefer, H. G., Wolf, G. D.: Untersuchungen über die Biosynthese von Membranphospholipoiden. Acylierung des Lysolecithins und der Lysophosphatidsäure durch Polyenfettsäuren. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 347, 102–117 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  491. Stoffel, W., Trabert, U.: Studies on the occurrence and properties of lysosomal phospholipases A1 and A2 and the degradation of phosphatidic acid in rat liver lysosomes. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 350, 836–844 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  492. Stoffel, W., Tomas, M. E. de, Schiefer, H. G.: Die enzymatische Acylierung von Lyspophosphatidsäure, gesättigtem und ungesättigtem Lysolecithin. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 348, 882–890 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  493. Stuhne-Sekalec, L., Stanacev, N. Z.: An examination of the relation between endogenous lipid and the activity of the phosphatidylglycerol-forming enzyme system in beef heart mitochondria and microsomes. Canad. J. Biochem. 48, 1214–1221 (1970).Google Scholar
  494. Subbaiah, P. V., Ganguly, J.: Studies on the phospholipases of rat intestinal mucosa. Biochem. J. 118, 233–239 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  495. Subbaiah, P. V., Sastry, P. S., Ganguly, J.: Acylation of lysolecithin in the intestinal mucosa of rats. Biochem. J. 118, 241–247 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  496. Sumida, S., Mudd, J. B.: Biosynthesis of cytidine diphosphate diglyceride by enzyme preparations from cauliflower. Plant Physiol. 45, 719–722 (1970a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  497. Sumida, S., Mudd, J. B.: The structure and biosynthesis of phosphatidylinositol in cauliflower inflorescence. Plant Physiol. 45, 712–718 (1970b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  498. Swartz, J. G., Mitchell, J. E.: Biosynthesis of retinal phospholipids: incorporation of radioactivity from labeled phosphorylcholine and cytidine diphosphate choline. J. Lipid Res. 11, 544–550 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  499. Taketa, K., Pogell, B. M.: The effect of palmityl coenzyme A on glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and other enzymes. J. biol. Chem. 241, 720–726 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  500. Tarlov, A. R.: Lecithin and lysolecithin metabolism in rat erythrocyte membranes. Blood 28, 990 (1966).Google Scholar
  501. Taylor, C. B., Bailey, E., Bartley, W.: Studies on the biosynthesis of protein and lipid components of rat liver mitochondria. Biochem. J. 105, 605–609 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  502. Ter Schegget, J., van den Bosch, H., Baak, M. A. van, Hostetler, K. Y., Borst, P.: The synthesis and utilization of dCDP-diglyceride by a mitochondrial fraction from rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 239, 234–242 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  503. Thannhauser, S. J., Reichel, M.: Studies on animal lipids. XVI. The occurrence of sphingomyelin as a mixture of sphingomyelin fatty acid ester and free sphingomyelin, demonstrated by enzymatic hydrolysis and mild saponification. J. biol. Chem. 135, 1–13 (1940).Google Scholar
  504. Thompson, G. A.: The biosynthesis of ether-containing phospholipids in the slug, Arion ater. III. The origin of the vinylic ether bond of plasmalogens. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 409–411 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  505. Thompson, W., Dawson, R. M. C.: The hydrolysis of triphosphoinositide by extracts of ox brain. Biochem. J. 91, 233–236 (1964a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  506. Thompson, W., Dawson, R. M. C.: The triphosphoinositide phosphodiesterase of brain tissue. Biochem. J. 91, 237–243 (1964b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  507. Thompson, W., MacDonald, G., Mookerjea, S.: Metabolism of phosphorylcholine and lecithin in normal and choline-deficient rats. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 306–315 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  508. Thompson, W., Strickland, K. P., Rossiter, R. J.: Biosynthesis of phosphatidylinositol in rat brain. Biochem. J. 87, 136–142 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  509. Thorner, J. W., Paulus, H.: Composition and subunit structure of glycerol kinase from Escherichia coli. J. biol. Chem. 246, 3885–3894 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  510. Tietz, A., Lindberg, M., Kennedy, E. P.: A new pteridine-requiring enzyme system for the oxidation of glyceryl ethers. J. biol. Chem. 239, 4081–4090 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  511. Tinoco, J., Hopkins, S. M., McIntosh, D. J., Sheehan, G., Lyman, R. L.: Fractionation and analysis of rat liver 14CH3-lecithins labelled in vivo. Lipids 2, 479–483 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  512. Tomas, M. E. de, Brenner, R. R.: Effects of the polar groups of lysophospholipids upon acyltransferase activity with coenzyme A thiolesters. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 184–186 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  513. Torquebiau-Colard, T., Paysant, M., Wald, R., Polonovski, J.: Phospholipase A de membranes plasmiques isolées de foie de rat. Action sur les phospholipides exogènes. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 52, 1061–1071 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  514. Treble, D. H., Frumkin, S., Balint, J. A., Beeler, D. A.: The entry of choline into lecithin in vivo, by base exchange. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 202, 163–171 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  515. Trewhella, M. A., Collins, F. D.: The relative turnover of individual molecular species of phospholipids. Lipids 4, 304–307 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  516. Tu, A. T., Passey, R. B., Toom, P. M.: Isolation and characterization of phospholipase A from sea snake, Laticauda semifasciata venom. Arch. Biochem. 140, 96–106 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  517. Turkki, P. R., Glenn, J. L.: Acylation of lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine by soluble enzyme(s) released from mitochondria after sonication. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 104–113 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  518. Vagelos, P. R., Majerus, P. W., Alberts, A. W., Larrabee, A. R., Ailhaud, G. P.: Structure and function of the acyl carrier protein. Fed. Proc. 25, 1485–1494 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  519. Van den Berg, J. W. O.: On the acylation of lysolecithins by erythrocyte membranes. Thesis University of Utrecht 1969.Google Scholar
  520. Van den Bosch, H., Aarsman, A. J., Slotboom, A. J., Deenen, L. L. M. van: On the specificity of rat-liver lysophospholipase. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 164, 215–225 (1968a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  521. Van den Bosch, H., Bonte, H. A., Deenen, L. L. M. van: On the anabolism of lysolecithin. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 648–561 (1965b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  522. Van den Bosch, H., Deenen, L. L. M. van: The formation of isomeric lysolecithins. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 84, 234–236 (1964).Google Scholar
  523. Van den Bosch, H., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Chemical structure and biochemical significance of lysolecithins from rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 106, 326–337 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  524. Van den Bosch, H., Golde, L. M. G. van, Eibl, H., Deenen, L. L. M. van: The acylation of 1-acyl glycero-3-phosphorylcholines by rat-liver microsomes. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 144, 613–623 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  525. Van den Bosch, H., Golde, L. M. G. van, Slotboom, A. J., Deenen, L. L. M. van: The acylation of isomeric monoacyl-phosphatidylcholines. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 152, 694–703 (1968b).Google Scholar
  526. Van den Bosch, H., Postema, N. M., Haas, G. H. de, Deenen, L. L. M. van: On the positional specificity of phospholipase A from pancreas. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 657–659 (1965a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  527. Van den Bosch, H., Slotboom, A. J., Deenen, L. L. M. van: The conversion of unsaturated 2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholines into major molecular species of phosphatidylcholines. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 632–634 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  528. Van den Bosch, H., Vagelos, P. R.: Fatty acyl-CoA and fatty acyl-acyl carrier protein as acyl donors in the synthesis of lysophosphatidate and phosphatidate in Escherichia coli. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 233–248 (1970).Google Scholar
  529. Vereyken, J. M., Montfoort, A., Golde, L. M. G. van: Some studies on the biosynthesis of the molecular species of phosphatidylcholine from rat lung and phosphatidylcholine and-ethanolamine from rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 260, 70–81 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  530. Victoria, E. J., Golde, L. M. G. van, Hostetler, K. Y., Scherphof, G. L., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Some studies on the metabolism of phospholipids in plasma membranes from rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 239, 443–457 (1971).Google Scholar
  531. Vignais, P. M., Nachbaur, J.: Phospholipase mitochondriale. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 50, 1473–1480 (1968a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  532. Vignais, P. M., Nachbaur, J.: A critical evaluation of the contamination, by lysosomes, of preparations of outer membrane of mitochondria. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 33, 307–314 (1968b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  533. Vogel, W. C., Bierman, E. L.: Post-heparin serum lecithinase in man and its positional specificity. J. Lipid Res. 8, 46–53 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  534. Vogel, W. C., Bierman, E. L.: Evidence for in vivo activity of post-heparin plasma lecithinase in man. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 127, 77–80 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  535. Vogel, W. C., Bierman, E. L.: Correlation between post-heparin lipase and phospholipase activities in human plasma. Lipids 5, 385–391 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  536. Vogel, W. C., Ryan, W. G., Koppel, J. L., Olwin, J. H.: Post-heparin phospholipase and fatty acid transesterification in human plasma. J. Lipid Res. 6, 335–340 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  537. Vorbeck, M. L., Martin, A. P.: Glycerophosphatide biogenesis: I. Subcellular localization of cytidine triphosphate: phosphatidic acid cytidyl transferase. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 40, 901–908 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  538. Waechter, C. J., Lester, R. L.: Regulation of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. Bact. 105, 837–843 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  539. Waechter, C. J., Steiner, M. R., Lester, R. L.: Regulation of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis by the methylation pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. biol. Chem. 244, 3419–3422 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  540. Wahlström, A.: Purification and characterization of phospholipase A from the venom of Naja nigricollis. Toxicon 9, 45–46 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  541. Waite, M.: Isolation of rat liver mitochondrial membrane fractions and localization of the phospholipase A. Biochemistry 8, 2536–2542 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  542. Waite, M., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Hydrolysis of phospholipids and glycerides by ratliver preparations. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 137, 498–517 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  543. Waite, M., Scherphof, G. L., Boshouwers, F. M. G., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Differentiation of phospholipases A in mitochondria and lysosomes of rat liver. J. Lipid Res. 10, 411–420 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  544. Waite, M., Sisson, P.: Partial purification and characterization of the phospholipase A2 from rat liver mitochondria. Biochemistry 10, 2377–2383 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  545. Waite, M., Sisson, P., Blackwell, E.: Comparison of mitochondrial with microsomal acylation of monoacyl phosphoglycerides. Biochemistry 9, 746–753 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  546. Waku, K., Lands, W. E. M.: Control of lecithin biosynthesis in erythrocyte membranes. J. Lipid Res. 9, 12–18 (1968a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  547. Waku, K., Lands, W. E. M.: Acyl coenzyme A: 1-alkenyl-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine acyltransferase action in plasmalogen biosynthesis. J. biol. Chem. 243, 2654–2659 (1968b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  548. Waku, K., Nakazawa, Y.: Acyltransferase activity to 1-O-alkyl-glycero-3-phosphoryl-choline in sarcoplasmic reticulum. J. Biochem. 68, 459–466 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  549. Warner, H. R., Lands, W. E. M.: The metabolism of plasmalogen: Enzymatic hydrolysis of the vinyl ether. J. biol. Chem. 236, 2404–2409 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  550. Wattiaux, R., Wibo, M., Baudhuin, P.: Influence of the injection of Triton WR-1339 on the properties of rat-liver lysosomes. In: Lysosomes, Ciba Foundation Symposium, p. 176. London: J. & A. Churchill, Ltd. 1963.Google Scholar
  551. Webster, G. R.: On the acylation of lysolecithin by rat liver and brain mitochondria. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 64, 573–575 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  552. Webster, G. R.: The acylation of lysophosphatides with long-chain fatty acids by rat brain and other tissues. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 98, 512–519 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  553. Weglicki, W. B., Waite, M., Sisson, B., Shohet, S. B.: Myocardial phospholipase A of microsomal and mitochondrial fractions. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 231, 512–519 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  554. Weinhold, P. A.: Biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine during prenatal development of the rat lung. J. Lipid Res. 9, 262–266 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  555. Weinreb, N. J., Brady, R. O., Tappel, A. L.: The lysosomal localization of sphingolipid hydrolases. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 159, 141–146 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  556. Weiss, S. B., Kennedy, E. P., Kiyasu, J. Y.: The enzymatic synthesis of triglycerides. J. biol. Chem. 235, 40–44 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  557. Weiss, S. B., Smith, S. W., Kennedy, E. P.: The enzymatic formation of lecithin from cytidine diphosphate choline and D-1,2-diglyceride. J. biol. Chem. 231, 53–64 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  558. Wells, M. A., Hanahan, D. J.: Studies on phospholipase A. I. Isolation and characterization of two enzymes from Crotalus adamanteus venom. Biochemistry 8, 414–424 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  559. White, D. A., Hawthorne, J. N.: Zymogen secretion and phospholipid metabolism in the pancreas. Phospholipids of the zymogen granule. Biochem. J. 120, 533–539 (1970a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  560. White, D. A., Pounder, D. J., Hawthorne, J. N.: Phospholipase A1 activity of guinea pig pancreas. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 242, 99–107 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  561. White, G. L., Hawthorne, J. N.: Phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylinositol metabolism in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Biochem. J. 117, 203–213 (1970b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  562. Wickner, W. T., Kennedy, E. P.: Isolation of a membrane bound enzyme from Escherichia coli. Fed. Proc. 30, 1119 (1971).Google Scholar
  563. Wieland, O., Suyter, M.: Glycerokinase: Isolierung und Eigenschaften des Enzyms. Biochem. Z. 329, 320–331 (1958).Google Scholar
  564. Wilgram, G. F., Kennedy, E. P.: Intracellular distribution of some enzymes catalyzing reactions in the biosynthesis of complex lipids. J. biol. Chem. 238, 2615–2619 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  565. Williams, M. L., Bygrave, F. L.: Incorporation of inorganic phosphate into phospholipids by the homogenate and by sub-cellular fractions of rat liver. Europ. J. Biochem. 17, 32–38 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  566. Wilson, J. D., Gibson, K. D., Udenfriend, S. F.: Studies on the precursors of the methyl groups of choline in rat liver. J. biol. Chem. 235, 3213–3217 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  567. Winkler, H., Smith, A. D., Dubois, F., van den Bosch, H.: The positional specificity of lysosomal phospholipase A activities. Biochem. J. 105, 38C–40C (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  568. Wirtz, K. W. A.: Intracellular transfer of membrane phospholipids. Thesis State University of Utrecht 1971.Google Scholar
  569. Wirtz, K. W. A., Golde, L. M. G. van, Deenen, L. L. M. van: The exchange of molecular species of phosphatidylcholine between mitochondria and microsomes of rat liver. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 218, 176–179 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  570. Wirtz, K. W. A., Zilversmit, D. B.: Exchange of phospholipids between liver mitochondria and microsomes in vitro. J. biol. Chem. 243, 3596–3602 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  571. Wirtz, K. W. A., Zilversmit, D. B.: Participation of soluble liver proteins in the exchange of membrane phospholipid. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 193, 105–116 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  572. Wirtz, K. W. A., Zilversmit, D. B.: Partial purification of phospholipid exchange protein from beef heart. FEBS Letters 7, 44–46 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  573. Wittich, K. A., Schmidt, H.: Reinigung von Phospholipase A aus menschlichem Pankreassekret. Enzym. biol. clin. 10, 477–486 (1969).Google Scholar
  574. Wood, R., Harlow, R. D.: Structural studies of neutral glycerides and phosphoglycerides of rat liver. Arch. Biochem. 131, 495–501 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  575. Wood, R., Healy, K.: Tumor lipids. Biosynthesis of plasmalogens. J. biol. Chem. 245, 2640–2648 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  576. Wood, R., Snyder, F.: Quantitative determination of alk-1-enyl-and alkyl-glyceryl ethers in neutral lipids and phospholipids. Lipids 3, 129–135 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  577. Wood, R., Snyder, F.: Tumor lipids: Metabolic relationships derived from structural analyses of acyl, alkyl and alk-1-enyl moieties of neutral glycerides and phosphoglycerides. Arch. Biochem. 131, 478–494 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  578. Wright, J. D., Green, C.: The role of the plasma membrane in fatty acid uptake by rat liver parenchymal cells. Biochem. J. 123, 837–844 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  579. Wu, T. W., Tinker, D. O.: Phospholipase A2 from Crotalus atrox venom. I. Purification and some properties. Biochemistry 8, 1558–1568 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  580. Wykle, R. L., Snyder, F.: Biosynthesis of an O-alkyl analogue of phosphatidic acid and O-alkyl glycerols via O-alkyl ketone intermediates by microsomal enzymes of Ehrlich ascites tumor. J. biol. Chem. 245, 3047–3058 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  581. Yang, S. F., Freer, S., Benson, A. A.: Transphosphatidylation by phospholipase D. J. biol. Chem. 242, 477–484 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  582. Young, D. L., Lynen, F.: Enzymatic regulation of 3-sn-phosphatidylcholine and triacylglycerol synthesis in states of altered lipid metabolism. J. biol. Chem. 244, 377–383 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  583. Zahler, W. L., Cleland, W. W.: Studies on the microsomal acylation of L-glycerol-3-phosphate. III. Time course of the reaction. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 176, 699–703 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  584. Zborowski, J., Wojtczak, L.: Phospholipid synthesis in rat liver mitochondria. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 187, 73–84 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  585. Zeller, E. A.: Enzymes as essential components of bacterial toxins. In: The enzymes, vol. 1, p. 986. New York: Academic Press 1951.Google Scholar
  586. Zilversmit, D. B.: Exchange of phospholipid classes between liver microsomes and plasma: Comparison of rat, rabbit and guinea pig. J. Lipid Res. 12, 36–42 (1971a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  587. Zilversmit, D. B.: Stimulation of phospholipid exchange between mitochondria and artificially prepared phospholipid aggregates by a soluble fraction from liver. J. biol. Chem. 246, 2645–2649 (1971b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  588. Zwaal, R. F. A., Roelofsen, B., Comfurius, P., Deenen, L. L. M. van: Complete purification and some properties of phospholipase C from Bacillus cereus. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 233, 474–479 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. van den Bosch
  • L. M. G. van Golde
  • L. L. M. van Deenen
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of BiochemistryState University of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations