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Romansy 16 pp 305-312 | Cite as

Robotic System for Femoral & Tibial Osteotomies Assistance

  • Kaddour Bouazza-Marouf
  • Ian Browbank
  • Jim R Hewit
  • Alan P Slade
  • Stuart I Brown
  • Roger Phillips
  • James Ward
  • Amr M M A Mohsen
  • Kevin P Sherman
Part of the CISM Courses and Lectures book series (CISM, volume 487)

Abstract

Typical osteotomy procedures around the knee joint involve the removal of a wedged shaped section of bone from either the proximal tibia or distal femur in order to correct a deformity and alter the alignment of the lower extremities. Unfortunately, the subjective nature of the preoperative planning and free-hand surgical techniques currently employed can lead to significant outcome variability and high complication rates. A prototype computer-robotic system, KneeCAS-1 (Knee Computer-Assisted System), has been developed to assist such osteotomy procedures around the knee joint. It consists of a custom-built six degree-of-freedom “fail-hard” surgical robot, with an instrumented saw driver unit, and a computer based planning system. It is intended to perform automated cutting (sawing) of the osteotomy planes under surgeon supervision.

Keywords

Robotic System High Tibial Osteotomy Surgical Robot Active Robot Optical Tracking System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© CISM, Udine 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaddour Bouazza-Marouf
    • 1
  • Ian Browbank
    • 1
  • Jim R Hewit
    • 2
  • Alan P Slade
    • 2
  • Stuart I Brown
    • 2
  • Roger Phillips
    • 3
  • James Ward
    • 3
  • Amr M M A Mohsen
    • 3
    • 4
  • Kevin P Sherman
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Manufacturing EngineeringLoughborough UniversityLoughboroughUK
  2. 2.University of DundeeDundeeUK
  3. 3.University of HullHullUK
  4. 4.Department of Traumatology and OrthopaedicsRoyal Hull HospitalsHullUK

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