Towards Realistic Surgical Simulation: Biomechanics of Needle Insertion into the Brain
Robotic surgery has been recognised in the past few years to have immense potential. Understanding the biomechanics of surgical procedures is central to robotic surgery. Needle insertion into soft tissues is a common surgical procedure but the biomechanics of needle insertion is poorly understood. We developed a computational biomechanical model to understand the mechanics of needle insertion into the brain tissue. The brain tissue is considered as a single phase continuum undergoing finite deformations. A non-linear constitutive model of the brain tissue is used. Precise geometrical model of the brain is obtained from MRI images and the brain mesh is created. The brain computational model is verified by comparing with previously published experimental results for porcine brain indentation. The reaction forces acting on the needle during insertion are obtained using fully non-linear, explicit Finite Element procedures in time domain.
KeywordsRobotic Surgery Needle Insertion Porcine Brain Finite Element Head Model Organ Deformation
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