Standardization: A Logical Step in Sustained Space Exploration

  • Arthur Bradley
Part of the CISM Courses and Lectures book series (CISM, volume 487)


As NASA pushes ahead with its initiative to create a sustainable campaign of space exploration, there is a growing recognition that a paradigm shift will have to occur in the space robotics industry. Specifically, robotic systems-of-systems must be realized through a renewed focus towards interoperability, modularity, and commonality. The practice of developing unique mission-specific robots operating independently and communicating through custom interfaces will have to give way to standardization.


Robotic System International Space Station Space Robot Custom Interface Open System Interconnection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. United States Department of Defense Joint Technical Architecture, Vols. I and II, Version 6.0, October 2003.Google Scholar
  2. Human and Robotic Technology Formulation Plan, Version 5.1, 29 July 2004 (Amended 13 September 2004), Development Programs Division, Office of Exploration Systems, National Aeronautics and Space Administration.Google Scholar
  3. Technical Standards Program, information found at
  4. Autonomy Levels for Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) Framework, NIST Special Publication 1011, September 2004.Google Scholar
  5. Joint Architecture for Unmanned Systems, JAUS Domain Model, V3.0, December 2003.Google Scholar
  6. Bradley, A., et. al., (2005). Enabling Interoperable Space Robots with the Joint Technical Architecture for Robotics Systems (JTARS), 8th International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, and Automation in Space. Munich, September 2005.Google Scholar
  7. Bradley, A., Holloway, C, Final Report for Joint Technical Architecture for Robotic Systems, submitted to NASA ESMD, January 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© CISM, Udine 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur Bradley
    • 1
  1. 1.NASA Langley Research CenterUSA

Personalised recommendations