Secondary insults and outcomes in patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage

  • Z. FeiEmail author
  • X. Zhang
  • S. J. Song
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 95)


This study was designed to monitor secondary insults and their impact on outcomes of patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage (HBGH). One hundred and twelve patients with HBGH (male 73, female 39) of age 42 ± 8 years (range from 38 to 57 years) were studied. Operations included craniotomy or trephination drainage with urokinase thrombolysis. Conventional therapies were also given to the patients including the administration of mannitol, crystalloid and colloid solution. In the meantime, blood pressure (MAP), temperature (T) and SaO2 and other parameters were recorded in the intensive care unit. The ICP values were recorded, and the early clinical outcome was assessed upon discharge according to Glasgow Outcome Scale. Cerebral Perfusion Pressure was calculated as CPP = MAP-MICP. Outcomes in the group without secondary insults were better than that in the group with secondary insults (P < 0.01). No unfavorable outcomes were found in the 59 cases managed by ultra-early surgery whereas 36.1% of the cases operated after 6 hours of onset had unfavorable outcomes. It is concluded that the high incident rate of secondary insults in HICH patients influences outcome. Ultra-early surgery may also contribute to improved quality of survival.


Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage secondary insults ICP 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing HospitalFourth Military Medical UniversityXi’anP.R. China

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