Symptoms, Health-Related Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction: Using These Patient-Reported Outcomes in People with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

  • S. Wood-Dauphinee
  • D. Korolija


Laparoscopic Fundoplication Gastrointestinal Symptom Rate Scale PGWB Index Velanovich Versus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Kaplan RM (2002) Quality of life: An outcomes perspective. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83(Suppl 2): S44–S50PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Patrick DL (2003) Patient-reported outcomes (PROs): an organizing tool for concepts, measures and applications. Qual Life Newsletter 31: 1–5Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Kamolz T, Pointer R (2002) Expectations of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease for the outcome of laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Surg Laparosc Endo Percutan Tech 12: 389–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Velanovich V, Karmy-Jones R (2001) Psychiatric disorders affect outcomes of antireflux operations for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Surg Endosc 15: 171–175PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Velanovich V (2003) The effect of chronic pain syndromes and psychoemotional disorders in symptomatic and quality of life outcomes of antireflux surgery. J Gastrointest Surg 7: 53–58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Eubanks TR, Omelanczuk P, Richards C et al (2000) Outcome of laparoscopic antireflux procedures. Am J Surg 179: 391–395PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Codman EA (1914) The product of a hospital. Surg Gyn Obst 18: 491–496Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    McColl E (2004) Best practice in symptom assessment: a review. Gut 53(Suppl IV): IV49–IV54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Price DD, Harkins SW, Baker C (1987) Sensory-affective relationships among different types of clinical and experimental pain. Pain 28: 297–307PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Stein HJ, Feussner H, Siewert JR (1998) Antireflux surgery: a current comparison of open and laparoscopic approaches. Hepatogastroenterology 45: 1328–3337PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Pope CE II (1992) The quality of life following antireflux surgery. World J Surg 16: 355–358PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Velanovich V, Karmy-Jones R (1998) Measuring gastroesophageal reflux disease: relationship between health-related quality-of-life scores and physiologic parameters. Am Surg 64: 649–653PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Shi G, Tatum RP, Joehl RJ et al (1999) Esophageal sensitivity and symptom perception in gastroesophageal reflux disease. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 1: 214–219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Katzka DA (1999) Digestive system disorders: gastroesophageal reflux disease. Clin Evidence 1: 145–153Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Kulig M, Leodolter A, Vieth M et al (2003) Quality of life in relation to symptoms in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease — an analysis based on the ProGERD initiative. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 18: 767–776PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Watson DI, Foreman D, Devitt PG (1997) Preoperative endoscopic grading of esophagitis versus outcome after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Am J Gastroenterol 92: 222–225PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Bammer T, Freeman M, Shabriari A et al (2002) Outcome of laparoscopic antireflux surgery in patients with nonerosive reflux disease. J Gastointest Surg 6: 730–737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Kamolz T, Bammer T, Granderath FA et al (2001) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease patients with concomitant anxiety disorders. Dig Liver Dis 33: 659–664PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Kamolz T, Granderath FA, Pointner R (2003) Does major depression affect the outcome of laparoscopic antireflux surgery? Surg Endosc 17: 55–60PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Falk GW (2001) Gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett’s esophagus. Endoscopy 33: 109–118PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Dent J, Armstrong D, Delaney B et al (2004) Symptom evaluation in reflux disease: workshop background, processes, terminology, recommendations and discussion outputs. Gut 53(Suppl IV): IV1–IV24PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Bytzer P (2004) Assessment of reflux symptom severity: methodological options and their attributes. Gut 53(Suppl IV): IV28–IV34PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Stephens RJ, Hopwood P, Girling DJ et al (1997) Randomized trials with quality of life end-points: are doctors’ ratings of patients’ physical symptoms interchangeable with patients self-ratings? Qual Life Res 6: 225–236PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Sandmark S, Carlsson R, Fausa O et al (1988) Omeprazole or ranitidine in the treatment of reflux esophagitis. Results of a double-blind, randomized Scandinavian multicenter study. Scand J Gastroenterol 23: 625–632PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Wyrwich KW, Staebler Tardino VM (2004) A blueprint for symptom scales and responses: measurement and reporting. Gut 53(Suppl IV): IV45–IV48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Shaw M (2004) Diagnostic utility of reflux disease symptoms. Gut 53(Suppl IV): IV25–IV27PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Revicki DA, Wood M, Maton PN et al (1998) The impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease on health-related quality of life. Am J Med 104: 252–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Eloubeidi MA, Provenzale D (2000) Health-related quality of life and severity of symptoms in patients with Barrett’s esophagus and gastroesophageal reflux disease patients without Barrett’s esophagus. Am J Gastroenterol 95: 1881–1887PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Berzon RA, Hays RD, Shumaker SA (1993) International use, application and performance of health-related quality of life instruments. Qual Life Res 2: 367–368PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Guyatt GH, Feeny DH, Patrick DL (1993) Measuring health-related quality of life. Ann Intern Med 118: 622–629PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    World Health Organization (1948) WHO Constitution. Geneva WHOGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Guyatt G, Veldhuyzen Van Zanten S, Feeny D et al (1989) Measuring quality of life in clinical trials: a taxonomy and review. Can Med Assoc J 140: 1441–1448Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    Hudak PL, Wright JG (2000) The characteristics of patient satisfaction measures. Spine 25: 3167–3177PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Linder-Pelz S (1982) Toward a theory of patient satisfaction. Soc Sci Med 16: 577–582PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Ware JE, Davies-Avery A, Stewart AL (1978) The measurement and meaning of patient satisfaction. Health Med Care Serv Rev 1: 13–15Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    Kravitz RL (1996) Patients’ expectations for medical care: an expanded formulation based on review of the literature. Med Care Res Review 53: 3–27Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    Patrick DL, Martin ML, Bushnell DM et al (2003) Measuring satisfaction with migraine treatment: expectations, importance, outcomes and global ratings. Clin Ther 25: 2920–2935PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Locker D, Dunt D (1978) Theoretical and methodological issues in sociological studies of consumer satisfaction with medical care. Soc Sci Med 12: 283–292PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Weaver M, Patrick DL, Markson PD et al (1997) Issues in the measurement of treatment satisfaction. Am J Manag Care 3: 579–594PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Bessell JR, Finch R, Gotley DC et al (2000) Chronic dysphagia following laparoscopic fundoplication. Br J Surg 87: 1341–1345PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    Vakil N, Shaw M, Kirby R (2003) Clinical effectiveness of laparoscopic fundoplication in a U.S. community. Am J Med 114: 1–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    Cleary P, McNeil B (1998) Patient satisfaction as an indicator of quality of care. Inquiry 22: 25–36Google Scholar
  43. [43]
    Patrick DL, Erickson P (1993) Health status and health policy: quality of life in health care evaluation and resource allocation. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    Dougall A, Russel A, Rutin G et al (2000) Rethinking patient satisfaction: patient experiences of an open access flexible sigmoidoscopy service. Soc Sci Med 50: 53–62PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Feinstein AR (1987) Global indexes and scales. In: Clinimetrics. Yale University Press, New Haven, pp 91–103Google Scholar
  46. [46]
    Granderath FA, Kamolz T, Schweiger M et al (2002) Long term follow-up after laparoscopic refundoplication for failed antireflux surgery: quality of life, symptomatic outcome, and patient satisfaction. J Gastrointest Surg 6: 812–818PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    Coyne KS, Wiklund I, Schmier J et al (2003) Development and validation of a disease-specific treatment satisfaction questionnaire for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Ailment Pharmacol Ther 18: 907–915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    Revicki DA (2004) Patient assessment of treatment satisfaction: methods and practical issues. GUT 53(Suppl IV): IV40–IV44PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    Sitzia J (1999) How valid and reliable are patient satisfaction data? An analysis of 195 studies. Int J Qual Health Care 11: 319–328PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    Kirshner B, Guyatt G (1985) A methodological framework for assessing health indices. J Chron Dis 38: 27–36PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [51]
    Portney LG, Watkins MP (2000) Reliability. In: Foundations of clinical research: applications to practice (2nd ed), Prentice Hall Health, New Jersey, pp 61–77Google Scholar
  52. [52]
    de Bruin AF, Diederiks JPM, de Witte LP et al (1997) Assessing the responsiveness of a functional status measure: the Sickness Impact Profile versus the SIP68. J Clin Epidemiol 50: 529–540PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. [53]
    Husted JA, Cook RJ, Farewell VT et al (2000) Methods for assessing responsiveness: a critical review and recommendations. J Clin Epidemiol 53: 459–468PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. [54]
    Terwee CB, Dekker FW, Wiersinga WM et al (2003) On assessing responsiveness of health-related quality of life instruments: guidelines for instrument evaluation. Qual Life Res 12: 349–362PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. [55]
    Cohen J (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. 2nd ed. Hillsdale: Laurence ErlbaumGoogle Scholar
  56. [56]
    Kazis L, Anderson J, Meenan R (1989) Effect sizes for interpreting changes in health status. Med Care 27(Suppl): 178–189Google Scholar
  57. [57]
    Liang MH, Fossel AH, Larson MG (1990) Comparisons of five health status instruments for orthopaedic evaluation. Med Care 28: 632–642PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. [58]
    Guyatt G, Walter S, Norman G (1987) Measuring change over time: assessing the usefulness of evaluative instruments. J Chron Dis 40: 171–178PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. [59]
    Ware JE, Keller SD (1996) Interpreting general health measures. In: Quality of life and pharmacoeconomics in clinical trials (Spilker B, ed). Philadelphia: Lippencott-Raven, pp 445–460Google Scholar
  60. [60]
    Lydick EG, Epstein RS (1993) Interpretation of quality of life changes. Qual Life Res 2: 221–226PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. [61]
    Guyatt G, Osoba D, Wu A et al (2002) Methods to explain the clinical significance of health status measures. Mayo Clin Proc 77: 371–383PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [62]
    Jaeschke R, Singer J, Guyatt GD (1989) Measurement of health status: ascertaining the minimal clinically important difference. Control Clin Trials 10: 407–415PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. [63]
    Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust (2002) Assessing health status and quality of life instruments: attributes and review criterion. Qual Life Res 11: 193–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. [64]
    Acquadro C, Jambon B, Ellis D et al (1996) Language and translation issues. In: Quality of life and pharmacoeconomics in clinical trials (Spilker B, ed). Philadelphia: Lippencott-Raven, pp 575–585Google Scholar
  65. [65]
    Guillemin F, Bombardier C, Beaton D (1993) Cross-cultural adaptation of health-related quality of life measures: literature review and proposed guidelines. J Clin Epidemiol 46: 1417–1432PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. [66]
    Bullinger M, Power MJ, Aaronson NK et al (1996) Creating and evaluating cross-cultural instruments. In: Quality of life and pharmacoeconomics in clinical trials (Spilker B, ed). Philadelphia: Lippencott-Raven, pp 659–668Google Scholar
  67. [67]
    Yacavone RF, Locke R, Provenzale DT et al (2001) Quality of life measurement in gastroenterology: what is available? Am J Gastroenterol 96: 285–297PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. [68]
    Eisen GM, Locke GK, Provenzale D (1999) Health-related quality of life: a primer for gastroenterologists. Am J Gastro Enterol 94: 2017–2021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. [69]
    Kamolz T, Pointer R, Velanovich V (2003) The impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease on quality of life. Surg Endosc 17: 1193–1199PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. [70]
    Irvine EJ (2004) Quality of life assessment in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. GUT 53(Suppl IV): IV35–IV39PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. [71]
    Borgaonkar MR, Irvine EJ (2000) Quality of life measurement in gastrointestinal and liver disorders. GUT 47: 444–454PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. [72]
    Svedlund J, Sjödin I, Dotevall G (1988) GSRS — A clinical rating scale for gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and peptic ulcer disease. Dig Dis Sci 33: 129–134PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. [73]
    Velanovich V, Vallance SR, Gusz JR et al (1996) Quality of life scale for gastro-esophageal reflux disease. J Am Coll Surg 183: 217–224PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. [74]
    Korolija D, Sauerland S, Wood-Dauphinee S et al (2004) Evaluation of quality of life after laparoscopic surgery. Evidence-based guidelines of the European Association of Endoscopic Surgery. Surg Endosc 18: 879–897PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. [75]
    Allen CJ, Parameswaran K, Belda J et al (2003) Reproducibility, validity and responsiveness of a disease-specific symptom questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Dis Esophagus 13: 265–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. [76]
    Anvari M, Allen C (2003) Five-year comprehensive outcomes evaluation in 181 patients after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Am Coll Surg 196: 51–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. [77]
    Eypasch E, Williams J, Wood Dauphinee S et al (1995) Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index: development, validation and application of a new instrument. Br J Surg 82: 216–222PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. [78]
    Wiklund IK, Junghard O, Grace E et al (1998) Quality of life in reflux and dyspepsia patients. Psychometric documentation of a new disease-specific questionnaire (QOLRAD). Eur J Surg 164(Suppl 583): 41–49Google Scholar
  79. [79]
    Fuchs KH, Feussner H, Bonavina L et al (1997) Current status and trends in laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery: results of a consensus meeting. Endoscopy 29: 298–308PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. [80]
    Slim K, Bousquet J, Kwiatkowski F et al (1999) First validation of the French version of Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI). Gastroenterol Clin Biol 23: 25–31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. [81]
    Eypasch E, Wood Dauphinee S, Williams JI et al (1993) Der Gastrointestinale Lebensqualiitäts-Index (GLQI). Der Chirurg 64: 264–274Google Scholar
  82. [82]
    Quintana JM, Cabriada J, De Lòpez Tejada I et al (2001) Translation and validation of the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI). Rev Esp Enferm Dig 93: 693–706PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. [83]
    Revicki DA, Crawley JA, Zodet MW et al (1999) Complete resolution of heartburn symptoms and health-related quality of life in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 13: 1621–1630PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. [84]
    Kaplan-Machlis B, Spiegler GE, Revicki DA (1999) Health-related quality of life in primary care patients with gastrointestinal reflux disease. Ann Pharmacother 33: 1032–1036PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. [85]
    Ofman JJ (2003) The economic and quality-of-life impact of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol 98: S9–S14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. [86]
    Dupuy HJ (1984) The Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB) Index. In: Wegner NK, Mattson ME, Furberg CF, Elinson J (eds) Assessment of quality of life in clinical trials of cardiovascular therapies. Le Jadq Publishing Inc., pp 170–183Google Scholar
  87. [87]
    Nilsson G, Larsson S, Johnsson F (2002) Randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic versus open fundoplication. Scand J Gastroenterol 37: 385–391PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. [88]
    Rothman M, Farup C, Stewart W et al (2001) Symptoms associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease: Development of a questionnaire for use in clinical trials. Dig Dis Sci 46: 1540–1548PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. [89]
    Dimenäs E, Carlsson G, Glise H et al (1996) Relevence of norm values as part of the documentation of quality of life instrument for use in upper gastrointestinal disease. Scand J Gastroenterol 31(Suppl 221): 8–13Google Scholar
  90. [90]
    Glise IT, Halterbach B, Johansson B (1995) Quality of life assessment in the evaluation of gastrointestinal reflux and peptic ulcer disease before, during and after treatment. Scand J Gastroenterol 30(Suppl 208): 133–135Google Scholar
  91. [91]
    Revicki DA, Leidy NK, Howland L (1996) Evaluating the psychometric characteristics of the Psychological General Well-Being Index with a new response scale. Qual Life Res 5: 417–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. [92]
    Ware JE, Sherbourne CD (1992) The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Med Care 30: 473–483PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. [93]
    Ware JE, Kosinski M, Keller SD (1994) SF-36 Physical and Mental Health Summary Scales: A user’s manual. The Health Institute, New England Medical Center, BostonGoogle Scholar
  94. [94]
    McHorney CA, Ware JE Jr, Lu JF et al (1994) The MOS 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36): III. Tests of data quality, scaling assumptions, and reliability across diverse patient groups. Med Care 32: 40–66PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. [95]
    Gandek B, Ware JE (1998) Translating functional health and well-being: International Quality of Life Assessment (IQOLA) project studies of the SF-36 health survey. J Clin Epidemiol 51: 903–1214PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. [96]
    Osoba D (1998) Guidelines for measuring health-related quality of life in clinical trials. In: Quality of life assessment in clinical trials (Staquet MJ, Hays RD, Fayers PM, eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp 19–35Google Scholar
  97. [97]
    Osoba D (1996) Rationale for the timing of health-related quality-of-life (HQL) assessments in oncological palliative therapy. Can Treat Rev 22(Suppl A): 69–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. [98]
    Korner-Bitensky N, Wood-Dauphinee S, Williams JI et al (1994) Eliciting health related information post-discharge: telephone versus face-to-face interviewing. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 75: 1286–1296Google Scholar
  99. [99]
    Cook D, Guyatt G, Juniper E et al (1993) Interviewer versus self-administered questionnaires in developing a disease-specific, health-related quality of life instrument for asthma. J Clin Epidemiol 46: 529–534PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. [100]
    Weinburger M, Oddone EZ, Sainsa G et al (1996) Are health related quality of life measures affected by the mode of administration? J Clin Epidemiol 49: 135–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. [101]
    Chambers LW, Haight M, Norman G et al (1987) Sensibility to change and the effect of mode of administration. Med Care 21: 551–567Google Scholar
  102. [102]
    Fairclough DL (1998) Methods of analysis for longitudinal studies of health-related quality of life. In: Quality of life assessment in clinical trials (Staquet MJ, Hays RD, Fayers PM, eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp 227–247Google Scholar
  103. [103]
    Fairclough DL (2004) Patient reported outcomes as endpoints in medical research. Stat Meth Med Res 13: 115–138Google Scholar
  104. [104]
    Lohr KN (1992) Application of health status assessment measures in clinical practice. Med Care 30: MS1–MS14PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. [105]
    Deyo RA, Patrick DL (1989) Barriers to the use of health status measures in clinical investigation of patient care and policy research. Med Care 27: S254–S267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. [106]
    Kazis LE, Callahan LF, Meenan RF et al (1990) Health status reports in the care of patients with arthritis. J Clin Epidemiol 43: 1243–1253PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. [107]
    Detmar SB, Muller MJ, Schornagel JH et al (2002) Health-related quality-of-life assessments and patient-physician communication. JAMA 288: 3027–3034PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. [108]
    Wagner AK, Ehrenberg BL, Tran TA et al (1997) Patient-based health status measurement in clinical practice: a study of its impact on epilepsy patients’ care. Qual Life Res 6: 329–341PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. [109]
    Espallargues M, Valderas JM, Alonso G et al (2000) Provision of feedback on perceived health status to healthcare professionals. Med Care 38: 175–186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. [110]
    Detmar SB, Aaronson NK (1998) Quality of life assessment in daily clinical oncology practice: a feasibility study. Eur J Cancer 34: 1181–1186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. [111]
    McLachlan S-A, Allenby J, Wirth A et al (2001) Randomized trial of coordinated psychosocial intervention based on patient assessments versus standard care to improve social functioning of patients with cancer. J Clin Oncol 19: 4117–4125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. [112]
    Veilikova G, Brown JM, Booth L et al (2002) A randomized study of using regular quality of life measurement in the care of individual cancer patients. Qual Life Res 11: 631Google Scholar
  113. [113]
    Feldman LS, Mayrand S, Stanbridge D et al (2001) Laparoscopic fundoplication: a model for assessing new technology in surgical procedures. Surgery 130: 686–695PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. [114]
    Eypasch E, Neugebauer E, Fisher F et al (1997) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Results of a Consensus Development Conference. Surg Endosc 11: 413–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. [115]
    Dimenäs E, Glise H, Hallerback B et al (1995) Well-being and gastrointestinal symptoms among patients referred to endoscopy owing to suspected duodenal ulcer. Scand J Gastroenterol 30: 1046–1052PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. [116]
    Revicki DA, Wood M, Wiklund I et al (1998) Reliability and validity of the gastrointestinal symptom rating scale in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Qual Life Res 7: 75–82PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. [117]
    Talley NJ, Fullerton S, Junghard O et al (2001) Quality of life in patients with endoscopy-negative heartburn: reliability and sensitivity of disease-specific instruments. Am J Gastroenterol 96: 1998–2004PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. [118]
    Dimenäs E, Glise H, Hallerback B et al (1993) Quality of life in patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. An improved evaluation of treatment regimens? Scand J Gastroenterol 28: 681–687PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. [119]
    Mobius C, Stein HJ, Feith M et al (2001) Quality of life before and after laparscopic Nissen fundoplication. Surg Endosc 15: 353–356PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. [120]
    Granderath FA, Kamolz T, Schweiger UM et al (2002) Quality of life, surgical outcome and patient satisfaction three years after laparoscopic Nissen funoplication. World J Surg 26: 1234–1238PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Wood-Dauphinee
    • 1
  • D. Korolija
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of MedicineMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Clinical Hospital Center ZagrebUniversity Surgical ClinicZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations