Proteomics-Based Strategies in Kinase Drug Discovery
Studies of drug action classically assess biochemical activity in settings which typically contain the isolated target only. Recent technical advances in mass spectrometry-based analysis of proteins have enabled the quantitative analysis of sub-proteomes and entire proteomes, thus initiating a departure from the traditional single gene—single protein—single target paradigm. Here, we review chemical proteomics-based experimental strategies in kinase drug discovery to analyse quantitatively the interaction of small molecule compounds or drugs with a defined sub-proteome containing hundreds of protein kinases and related proteins. One novel approach is based on `Kinobeads'—an affinity resin comprised of a cocktail of immobilized broad spectrum kinase inhibitors—to monitor quantitatively the differential binding of kinases and related nucleotide-binding proteins in the presence and absence of varying concentrations of a lead compound or drug of interest. Differential binding is detected by high throughput and sensitive mass spectroscopy techniques utilizing isobaric tagging reagents (iTRAQ), yielding quantitative and detailed target binding profiles. The method can be applied to the screening of compound libraries and to selectivity profiling of lead compounds directly against their endogenously expressed targets in a range of cell types and tissue lysates. In addition, the method can be used to map drug-induced changes in the phosphorylation state of the captured sub-proteome, enabling the analysis of signalling pathways downstream of target kinases.
KeywordsImmobilize Metal Affinity Chromatography iTRAQ Reagent Affinity Profile Tool Compound Protein GRB2
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