Traitement de la défaillance circulatoire

  • F. Garnier
  • C. Martin
Part of the Le point sur⋯ book series (POINT)


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Parker M, Suffredini A, Natanson C et al. (1989) Responses on left ventricular function in survivors and nonsurvivors of septic shock. J Crit Care 4: 19–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hoogenberg K, Smit AJ, Girbes ARJ (1998) Effects of low-dose dopamine on renal and systemic hemodynamics during incremental norepinephrine infusion in healthy volunteers. Crit Care Med 26: 260–5PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Meier-Hellmann A, Bredle DL, Specht M et al. (1997) The effects of low-dose dopamine on splanchnic blood flow and oxygen utilization in patients with septic shock. Intensive Care Med 23: 31–7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marik PE, Mohedin M. The contrasting effects of dopamine and norepinephrine on systemic and splanchnic oxygen utilization in hyperdynamic sepsis. JAMA 1994, 272, 1354–1357.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hannemann L, Reinhart K, Grenzer O et al. (1995) Comparison of dopamine to dobutamine and norepinephrine for oxygen delivery and uptake in septic shock. Crit Care Med 23: 1962–70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ruokonen E, Takala J, Kari A et al. (1993) Regional blood flow and oxygen transport in septic shock. Crit Care Med 21, 1296–303PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jardin F, Gurdjian F, Desfonds P et al. (1979) Effect of dopamine on intrapulmonary shunt fraction and oxygen transmort in severe sepsis with circulatory and respiratory failure. Crit Care Med 7: 273–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jardin F, Eveleigh MC, Gurdjian F et al. (1979) Venous admixture in human septic shock. Comparative effects of blood volume expansion, dopamine infusion and isoproterenol infusion in mismatching of ventilation and pulmonary blood flow in peritonitis. Circulation 60: 155–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Martin C, Papazian L, Perrin G et al. (1993) Norepinephrine or dopamine for the treatment of hyperdynamic septic shock. Chest 103:1826–31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Regnier B, Safran D, Carlet J et al. (1979) Comparative haemodynamic effects of dopamine and dobutamine in septic shock. Intensive Care Med 5: 115–20CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Samii KL, Le Gall JR, Regnier B et al. (1978) Hemodynamic effects of dopamine in septic shock with and without acute renal failure. Arch Surg 113: 1414–6PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Drueck C, Welch GW, Pruitt BA Jr (1978) Hemodynamic analysis of septic shock in thermal injury: treatment with dopamine. Am Surg 44: 424PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Regnier B, Rapin M, Gory G et al. (1997) Haemodynamic effects of dopamine in septic shock. Intens Care Med 3: 47–553Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wilson RF, Sibbald WJ, Jaanimagi JL (1976) Hemodynamic effects of dopamine in critically ill septic patients. J Surg Res 20: 163–72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Maynard ND, Bihari DJ, Dalton RN et al. (1976) Increasing splanchnic blood flow in critically ill septic patients. J Surg Res 20: 163–72Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nevière R, Mathieu D, Chagnon JL et al. (1996) The contrasting effects of dobutamine and dopamine on musocal perfusion in septic patients. Am J Res Crit Care Med 154: 1684–86Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wilson W, Lipman J, Scribante J et al. (1992) Septic shock: does adrenaline have a role as a first-line inotropic agents? Anesth Intensive Care 20: 470–9Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Moran JL, MS OF, Peisach AR et al. (1993) Epinephrine as an inotropic agents in septic shock: a dose-profile analysis. Crit Care Med. 21: 70–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mackenzie SJ, Kapadia F, Nimmo GR et al. (1991) Adrenaline in treatment of septic shock: effects on haemodynamics and oxygen transport. Intensive Care Med 17: 36–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Le Tulzo Y, Seguin P, Gacouin A et al. (1997) effects of epinephrine on right ventricular function in patients with severe septic shock and right ventricular failure: a preliminary study. Intensive Care Med 23: 664–70CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Day NP, Phu NH, Bethell DP et al. (1996) The effects of dopamine and adrenaline infusions on acid-base balance and systemic haemodynamics in severe infection. Lancet 348: 219–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Levy B, Bollaert PE, Charpentier C et al. (1997) Compariosn of norepinephrine and dobutamine to epinerphrine for hemodynamics, lactate metabolism, and gastric tonomictric variables in septic shock: a prospective, randomized study. Intensive Care Med 23: 282–7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Levy B, Bollaert PE, Lucchelli JP et al. (1997) Dobutamine improves the adequacy of gastric mucosal perfusion in epinephrine-treated septic shock. Crit Care Med 25:1649–54PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Martin C, Eon B, Saux P et al. (1990) Renal effects of norepinephrine used to treat septic shock patients; Crit Care Med 18: 282–5Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Meadows D, Edwards JD, Wilkins RG et al. (1988) Reversal of intractable septic shock with norepinephrine therapy. Crit Care Med 16: 663–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Redl-Wenzl EM, Armbruster C, Edlmann G et al. (1993) The effects of norepinephrine on hemodynamics and renal function in severe septic shock states. Intensive Care Med 19, 151–4CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Chernow B, Roth BL (1986) Pharmacologic manipulation of the peripheral vasculature in shock: clinical and experimental approaches. Circ Shock 18: 141–55PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Dejars P, Pinaud M, Tasseau F et al. (1987) A reappraisal of norepinephrine therapy in human septic shock. Crit Care Med 15: 134–7Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Desjars P, Pinaud M, Brugnon D et al. (1989) Norepinephrine therapy has no deleterious renal effects in human septic shock. Crit Care Med 17: 426–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 29.
    Hesselvik JF, Brodin B (1989) Low-dose norepinephrine in patients with septic shock and oliguria: effects on afterload, urine flow, and oxygen transport. Crit Care Med 17: 179–80PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Eckstein J, Abboud F (1962) Circulation effect of sympathomimetic amines. Am Heart J 63: 119–21CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mills L, Moyer J, Handley C (1960) Effects of various sympathomimetic drugs on renal hemodynamics in normotensive and hypotensive dogs. Am J Physiol: 1279-84Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Murakawa K, Kobayashi A (1988) Effects of vasopressors on renal tissue gas tensions during hemorrhagic shock in dogs. Crit Care Med 16: 789–92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Conger JD, Robinette JB, Guggenheim SJ (1981) Effect of acetylcholine on the early phase of reversible norepinephrine-induced acute renal failure. Kidney Int 19: 399–409PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Bush HL, Huse JB, Johnson WC et al. (1981) Prevention of renal insufficiency after abdominal aortic aneurysm resection by optimal volume loading. Arch Surg 116, 1517–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Schreuder WO, Scheiner AJ, Groeneveld ABJ et al. (1989) Effect of dopamine vs norepinephrine on hemodynamics in septic shock. Chest 95: 1282–18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Winslow EJ, Loeb JS, Rahimtoola SH et al. (1973) Hemodynamic studies and results of therapy in 50 patients with bacteremic shock. Am J Med 54: 421–32CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Reinelt H, Radermacher P, Fisher G et al. (1997) Effects of a dobutamine-induced increase in splanchnic blood flow on hepatic metabolic activity in patients with septic shock. Anesthesiology 86: 818–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Yamazaki T, Shimada Y, Taenaka N et al. (1982) Circulatory responses to afterloading with phenylephrine in hyperdynamic sepsis. Crit Care Med 10: 432–5PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Flancbaum L, Dick M, Dasta J et al. (1997) A dose-response study of phenylephrine in critically ill, septic surgical patients. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 51: 461–5CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Gregory J, Bonfiglio M, Dasta J et al. (1991) Experience with phenylephrine as a component of the pharmacologic support of septic shock. Crit Care Med 19: 1395–400PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Rudis MI, Basha MA, Zarowitz BJ (1996) Is it time to reposition vasopressors and inotropes in sepsis? Crit Care Med 24, 525–37PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Bersten AD, Holt AW et al. (1995) Vasoactive drug and the importance of renal perfusion pressure. New Horizons 3, 650–61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Kircheim HR, Ehmke H, Hackenthal E (1987) Autoregulation of renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate and renin release in conscious dogs. Pflugers Arch 410, 441–9Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Barry KG, Mazze RI, Schwarz FD (1964) Prevention of surgical oliguria and renal hemodynamic suppression by sustained hydratation. N Engl J Med 270: 1371–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Kelleher SP, Robinette JB, Bell PD et al. (1984) Sympathetic nervous system in the loss of autoregulation in acute renal failure. Am J Physiol 246, F379–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Parker MM, Shelhamer JH, Bacharach SL et al. (1984) Profound but reversible myocardial depression in patients with septic shock. Ann Intern Med 100: 483–90PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Martin C. Saux P, Eon B et al. (1990) Septic Shock: a goal directed therapy using volume loading, dobutamine and/or norepinephrine. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 34: 413–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Hoffman MJ, Greenflield LJ, Sugerman HJ et al. (1983) Unsuspected right ventricular dysfunction in shock and sepsis. Arch Surg 198: 307–19Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Martin C, Perrin G, Saux P, Papazian L et al. (1994) Effects of norepinephrine on right ventricular function in septic shock patients. Intensive Care Med 20: 444–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Vincent JL, Reuse C, Frank N et al. (1989) Right ventricular dysfunction in septic shock: assessment by measurements of right ventricular ejection fraction using the thermodilation technique. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 33: 34–8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Bollaert PE, Baueur P, Audibert G et al. (1990) Effects of epinephrine on hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism in dopamine-resistant septic shock. Chest 98: 949–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Fukuoka T, Nishimura M, Imanaka H et al. (1989) Effects of norepinephrine on renal function in septic patients with normal and elevated serum lactate levels. Crit Care Med 17: 1104–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Lipman J, Roux A, Kraus P (1991) Vasoconstrictor effects of adrenaline in human septic shock. Anaesth. Intensive Care 19: 61–5Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Hayes MA, Timmins AC, Yau EH et al. (1997) Oxygen transprot patterns in patients with sepsis syndrome or septic shock: influence of treatment and relationship to outcome. Crit Care Med 25:926: 46–52Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Steffes CP, Dahn MS, Lange MP (1994) Oxygen transport-dependent splanchnic metabolism in sepsis syndrome. Arch Surg 129: 46–52PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Boekstegers P, Weidenhofer S, Pilz G et al. (1991) Peripheral oxygen availability within skeletal muscle in sepsis and septic shock: comparison to limited infection and cardiogenic shock. Infection 5-317–23Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Bredle D, Samsel R, Schumacker P (1989) Critical O2 delivery to skeletal muscle at high and low PO2 in endotoxemic dogs. J Appl Physiol 66: 2553–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Rackow E, Astiz ME, Weil MH (1987) Increases in oxygen extraction during rapidly fatal septic shock in rats. J Lab Clin Med 109: 660–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Friedman G, Berlot G, Kahn RJ et al. (1995) Combined measurements of blood lactate levels and gastric intramucosal pH in patients with severe sepsis. Crit Care Med 23: 1184–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Vincent JL, Dufaye P, Berre J et al. (1983) Serial lactate determinations during circulatory shock. Crit Care Med 11, 449–51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Weil MH, Afifi AA (1970) Experimental and clinical studies on lactate and pyruvate as indicators of the severity of acute circulatory failure. Circulation 41, 989–1001PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Bakker J, Coffernils M, Leon M et al. (1991) Blood lactate levels are superior to oxygenderived variables in predicting outcome in human septic shock. Chest 99, 956–62PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Rivers E, Nguyen B et al. (2001) Early goal-directed therapy in treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. NEJM 345: 1368–77CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Nelson D, Beyer C. Samsel R et al. (1987) Pathologic supply dependence of systemic and intestinal O2 uptake during bacteriemia in the dog. J Appl Physiol 63: 1487–19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Creteur J, Debacker D, Vincent JL (1997) Monitoring gastric muscosal carbon dioxide presseur using gas tonometry: in vitro and in vivo validation studies. Anesthesiology 87: 504–10PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Russell JA (1997) Gastric tonometry: Does it work? Intensive Care Med 23: 3–6CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Marik PE (1993) Gastric intramucosal pH. A better predictor of multiorgan dysfunction syndrome and death than oxygen-derived variables in patients with sepsis. Chest 104: 225–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Maynard N. Bihari D, Beale R et al. (1993) Assessment of splanchnic oxygenation by gastric tonometry in patients with acute circulatory failure. JAMA 270: 1203–10CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Gutierrez G, Palizas F, Doglio G et al. (1992) Gastric intramucosal pH as a therapeutic index of tissue oxygenation in critically ill patients. Lancet 339: 195–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Doglio GR, Pusajo JF, Egurrola MA et al. (1991) Gastric musocal pH as a prognostic index of mortality in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med 19: 1037–40PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Garnier
  • C. Martin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations