Uterus: Normal Findings
Radiologists should be familiar with the normal appearances of the uterus on CT and MRI when interpreting uterine pathologies. Although CT is not generally recommended as the first-line imaging modality for the assessment of uterine diseases, it is often used for the initial evaluation of patients referred to the emergency settings. Multidetector CT with multiplanar reformations allows improved visualization of the normal anatomy of the uterus. MRI is a superb modality for evaluation of the normal uterus. Uterine and cervical zonal anatomy is nicely displayed on T2WI. The zonal appearance of the uterine corpus changes significantly in response to a variety of physiological stimuli, including menstrual phase, age and hormonal effects. Functional imaging techniques including dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging enable the radiologist to move from morphological to functional assessment of the normal uterus.
- Basmajian JV (1971) Grant’s method of anatomy. The Williams & Wilkins Co, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
- He Y, Ding N, Li Y, Li Z, Xiang Y, Jin Z, Xue H (2015) 3-T diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of normal uterus in young and middle-aged females during the menstrual cycle: evaluation of the cyclic changes of fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. Br J Radiol 88:20150043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hricak H, Alpers C, Crooks LE, Sheldon PE (1983) Magnetic resonance of the female pelvis: initial experience. Airman 141:1119–1128Google Scholar