pp 1-11 | Cite as

Evaluation of Symptoms

Part of the Medical Radiology book series


Symptoms of pharyngeal/oesophageal diseases are related to swallowing function, such as dysphagia, odynophagia, globus sensation or heartburn. Patients often do not differentiate between these symptoms and report “swallowing problems”. The crossing of airway and digestive tract in the hypopharynx is a critical region for swallowing and respiration: if protection of the airway during swallowing is not secured, aspiration occurs. Moreover, the pharynx is not only part of the upper digestive tract, but also of the vocal tract and therefore influences resonance and articulation.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interim Head of Section of Phoniatrics, Department of OtorhinolaryngologyMedical University of Vienna, Vienna General HospitalViennaAustria

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