Cardiac Injuries

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Cardiac injury due to penetrating or blunt thoracic trauma is relatively rare but associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Many of these injuries have not been characterized fully by diagnostic imaging so far. With the introduction of fast MDCT an established emergent diagnostic modality is now available for heart imaging, that allows the detection and characterization of a large variety of myocardial, pericardial, vascular and mediastinal injuries. Beside the established methods, like cardiac ultrasound and cardiac angiography, it allows now in the emergency setting a thorough morphologic characterization of injuries and its’ potential bleeding dynamics. This article reviews the spectrum of blunt and penetrating heart injuries as well as the imaging modalities commonly used in the acute trauma setting.


Pericardial Effusion Cardiac Tamponade Cardiac Injury Conventional Radiography Aortic Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Kliniken München West, Associate Professor of RadiologyLudwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU), Past President ESER – European Society of Emergency RadiologyMunichGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Clinical RadiologyLMU Ludwig-Maximilians-University Hospital MunichMunichGermany

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